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Anolis morazani TOWNSEND & WILSON, 2009

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymAnolis morazani TOWNSEND & WILSON 2009
Norops morazani — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Norops morazani — MCCRANIE & KÖHLER 2015: 107 
DistributionHonduras (Parque Nacional Montaña de Yoro), 1780 - 2150 m elevation.

Type locality: Honduras, Departamento de Francisco Morazán, Municipio de Marale, Parque Nacional Montaña de Yoro, Cataguana, 15°01’N, 87°06’W, 1910 m elevation. Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: SMF 87153, adult male, 10 March 2007, J. M. Butler, L. P. Ketzler, R. E. Lovich, J. H. Townsend, S. L. Travers, L. Vietti, and L. D. Wilson, original field number JHT 2041 
CommentDiagnosis.—Anolis morazani is differentiated from all other anoles, except those in the A. crassulus group, by having the following combination of characteristics: moderately to strongly enlarged medial dorsal scales and ventral scales, no more than two scales separating the supraorbital semicircles, four to seven rows of loreals, suboculars and supralabials in contact, and heterogeneous flank squamation. This species can be distinguished from all other members of the A. crassulus group, except A. wermuthi, by having a hemipenis with a divided asulcate processus (Fig. 4; asulcate processus is not divided in A. amplisquamosus, A. anisolepis, A. crassulus, A. haguei, A. heteropholidotus, A. muralla, A. rubribarbaris, and A. sminthus). Anolis morazani may be further differentiated from A. heteropholidotus, A. muralla, and A. sminthus by having strongly keeled ventral scales (smooth ventrals in A. muralla, weakly keeled ventrals in A. heteropholidotus and A. sminthus) and a greater number of enlarged middorsal scale rows (9–12, versus 2–4 in A. heteropholidotus, 4–7 in A. muralla, and 2–6 in A. sminthus). Of the remaining species in the A. crassulus group with undivided asulcate processes, A. morazani differs from A. amplisquamosus in having irregularly enlarged middorsal scales that grade into smaller dorsolateral scales and a red dewlap (greatly enlarged middorsal scales abruptly transition to small dorsolateral scales and orange dewlap in A. amplisquamosus); from A. anisolepis in attaining a larger adult size (maximum SVL 50.7 in male and 55.1 in female A. morazani; versus 41.0 in male and 48.0 in female A. anisolepis), having a relatively longer tail (TL/SVL 2.3–2.71, versus 1.77–2.13 in A. anisolepis), and by having a red dewlap (bright pink dewlap in A. anisolepis); from A. crassulus by having fewer scales separating the internasals (2–4, versus 5–7 in A. crassulus); and from A. haguei by having fewer rows of enlarged dorsal scales (9–12, versus 14– 22 in A. haguei), a relatively longer tail in males (2.37–2.71, versus 1.59–2.11 in A. haguei). Like A. morazani, A. wermuthi also possesses a divided asulcate processus (Fig. 4), but has fewer enlarged middorsal scale rows (2–7, versus 9–12 in A. morazani) and weakly keeled ventral scales (strongly keeled ventral scales in A. morazani).

Species group: Norops auratus Species Group (fide Nicholson et al. 2012) 
EtymologyNamed after José Francisco Morazán Quesada (1792–1842) of Tegucigalpa, Honduras, who was elected to two terms as President of the Federal Republic of Central America in 1840 and 1845 and also served at various times as General Secretary of the Government of the State of Honduras, Honduran representative to the United Provinces of Central America, and President of El Salvador. To honor this post-colonial statesman and national hero, Honduras named its capital department Francisco Morazán, within which lies the type locality of Anolis morazani. 
References
  • KÖHLER, G. & J.R. MCCRANIE 2001. Two new species of anoles from northern Honduras (Squamata: Polychrotidae). Senckenbergiana biologica 81: 235-245
  • McCranie, J. & Castañeda, F.E. 2005. The herpetofauna of Parque Nacional Pico Bonito, Honduras. Phyllomedusa 4 (1): 3-16 - get paper here
  • McCranie, James R. 2015. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with additions, comments on taxonomy, some recent taxonomic decisions, and areas of further studies needed. Zootaxa 3931 (3): 352–386 - get paper here
  • McCranie, James R. and Gunther Köhler 2015. The Anoles (Reptilia: Squamata: Dactyloidae: Anolis: Norops) of Honduras. Systematics, Distribution, and Conservation. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard (Special Publication Series, No. 1): 1-280 [review in Q. J. Biol. 91: 227] - get paper here
  • Nicholson, K.E. 2002. Phylogenetic analysis and a test of the current infrageneric classification of Norops (beta Anolis). Herpetological Monographs 16: 93-120 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Solís, J. M., L. D. Wilson, and J. H. Townsend. 2014. An updated list of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with comments on their nomenclature. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1: 123–144 - get paper here
  • Townsend, Josiah H.; Larry David Wilson 2009. New Species of Cloud Forest Anolis (Squamata: Polychrotidae) in the crassulus Group from Parque Nacional Montaña de Yoro, Honduras. Copeia, 2009 (1): 62-70 - get paper here
 
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