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Anolis nebulosus (WIEGMANN, 1834)

IUCN Red List - Anolis nebulosus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Clouded Anole
S: Roño de Paño 
SynonymDactyloa nebulosa WIEGMANN 1834: 47
Anolis nebulosus — COPE 1866: 123
Anolis nebulosus — BOCOURT 1873: 68
Anolis nebulosus — BOULENGER 1885: 76
Anolis nebulosus — BOULENGER 1905
Anolis nebulosus — SLEVIN 1926
Anolis nebulosus — SMITH 1939
Anolis schmidti SMITH 1939: 21 (fide NIETO MONTES DE OCA et al. 2013)
Anolis schmidti — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 60
Anolis nebulosus — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 65
Anolis nebulosus — GRANT & SMITH 1960
Anolis schmidti — PETERS 1960
Anolis nebulosus — FITCH 1970
Anolis nebulosus — LIEB 1981
Anolis schmidti — FITCH & HENDERSON 1973
Norops nebulosus — LINER 1994
Norops schmidti — LINER 1994
Anolis schmidti — GARCIA & CEBALLOS 1994
Norops schmidti — NICHOLSON 2002
Norops nebulosus — NICHOLSON 2002
Anolis nebulosus — LINER 2007
Anolis schmidti — LINER 2007
Anolis schmidti — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008: 44
Norops schmidti — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Norops nebulosus — COBARRUBIAS et al. 2012
Norops nebulosus — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Anolis schmidti — CRUZ-SÁENZ et al. 2013
Anolis nebulosus — KÖHLER et al. 2014: 117 
DistributionMexico (Sinaloa, Oaxaca, Chihuahua, Jalisco, México, Aguascalientes, Durango, Sonora, Morelos, Guanajuato)

Type locality: Mexico; restricted to Mazatlán, Sinaloa by SMITH & TAYLOR 1950.

schmidti: Mexico (Colima); Type locality: Manzanillo, Colima. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: ZMB
Holotype: Chicago Nat. Hist. Mus. 1667 [schmidti] 
CommentSynonymy: Anolis boulengerianus THOMINOT 1887 was removed from the synonymy of A. nebulosus by NIETO-MINTES DE OCA et al. 2014.

Species group: Norops auratus Species Group (fide Nicholson et al. 2012)

Diagnosis. A small species (SVL in largest male 43.0 mm, largest female 39.5 mm) of the genus Anolis (sensu Poe 2004) that differs from all Mexican and Central American anoles except A. carlliebi and A. sacamecatensis by having a combination of (1) weakly to strongly keeled ventral scales; (2) usually a patch of three greatly enlarged supraocular scales; (3) 8–18 rows of slightly enlarged dorsal scales that are smaller than ventral scales; (4) short hind legs, longest toe of adpressed hind leg usually reaching to ear opening, exceptionally to a point between ear opening and eye, ratio shank length/SVL 0.21–0.25; (5) a single elongate prenasal scale; and (6) male dewlap in life orange with or without a white anterior margin. Among the Anolis species treated in this contribution, A. nebulosus is most similar to A. microlepidotus from which it differs in male dewlap coloration (uniform orange or orange with a white anterior margin in A. nebulosus vs. dull orange yellow with paler semicircular streaks and blotches in A. microlepidotus) and larger dorsal scales (number of dorsal scales in one head length 26-38, mean 30.0, in A. nebulosus vs. 32–48, mean 41.2, in A. microlepidotus). (KÖHLER et al. 2014: 117)

Diagnosis (schmidti): A small Anolis, with a single row of large supraoculars narrowly in contact with supraorbital semicircles; semicircles in contact, separated from occipital by a single row of scales; occipital much larger than ear opening; dorsals small, distinctly keeled, gradually becoming smaller laterally; ventrals not distinctly larger than dorsals, curiously protuberant (not flat), weakly keeled; postanals distinctly enlarged [from SMITH 1939].

Individuals on Don Panchito, a small islet located near the coast of the Chamela-Cuixmala Biosphere Reserve in the state of Jalisco, are larger than those on the mainland with little overlap in size for either males (islet: 52.79 ± 1.82 mm; mainland: 40.96 ± 2.99 mm) or females (islet: 46.18 ± 3.24 mm; mainland 37.14 ± 2.13 mm). 
EtymologyEtymology (schmidti): Named after Karl Patterson Schmidt (1890-1957), American herpetologist. 
References
  • Bocourt, M. E. 1873. In: A. Duméril, M. F. Bocourt, and F. Mocquard, (1870-1909), Etudes sur les reptiles, p. i-xiv; In Recherches Zoologiques pour servir a l'Histoire de Ia Faune de l'Amérique Centrale et du Mexique. Mission Scientifique au Mexique et dans l'Amérique Ce Imprimerie Impériale, Paris, Livr. 2-15, pp. 33-860. - get paper here
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  • Hernández-Salinas, U. and Ramírez-Bautista, A. 2014. Variation in morphological and reproductive characteristics of females of Anolis nebulosus (Squamata: Dactyloidae) from island and mainland populations near the Pacific Coast of Mexico. Acta Zoologica (Stockholm) 96: 428–435, DOI: 10.1111/azo.12086 - get paper here
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  • KÖHLER, GUNTHER; RAÚL GÓMEZ TREJO PÉREZ, CLAUS BO P. PETERSEN & FAUSTO R. MÉNDEZ DE LA CRUZ 2014. A revision of the Mexican Anolis (Reptilia, Squamata, Dactyloidae) from the Pacific versant west of the Isthmus de Tehuantepec in the states of Oaxaca, Guerrero, and Puebla, with the description of six new species. Zootaxa 3862 (1): 001–210 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal, J.A. & Smith, H.M. 2007. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Chihuahua, Mexico. Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 613 pp.
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  • Woolrich-Piña, Guillermo A., Geoffrey R. Smith, Julio A. Lemos-Espinal, and Juan Pablo Ramírez-Silva 2015. Observations on sexual dimorphism, sex ratio, and reproduction of Anolis nebulosus (Squamata: Dactyloidae) from Nayarit, Mexico. Phyllomedusa 14 (1): 67-71 - get paper here
 
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