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Anolis olssoni SCHMIDT, 1919

IUCN Red List - Anolis olssoni - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesAnolis olssoni olssoni SCHMIDT 1919
Anolis olssoni alienus SCHWARTZ 1981
Anolis olssoni dominigensis SCHWARTZ 1981
Anolis olssoni extentus SCHWARTZ 1981
Anolis olssoni ferrugicauda SCHWARTZ 1981
Anolis olssoni insulanus SCHWARTZ 1981
Anolis olssoni montivagus SCHWARTZ 1981
Anolis olssoni palloris SCHWARTZ 1981 
Common Namesdesert grass anole, Monte Cristi Anole 
SynonymAnolis olssoni SCHMIDT 1919: 522
Anolis olssoni — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 309
Anolis olssoni — NICHOLSON et al. 2005
Chamaelinorops olssoni — NICHOLSON et al. 2012

Anolis olssoni olssoni SCHMIDT 1919
Chamaelinorops olssoni olssoni — NICHOLSON et al. 2012

Anolis olssoni alienus SCHWARTZ 1981
Chamaelinorops olssoni alienus — NICHOLSON et al. 2012

Anolis olssoni dominigensis SCHWARTZ 1981
Chamaelinorops olssoni dominigensis — NICHOLSON et al. 2012

Anolis olssoni extentus SCHWARTZ 1981
Chamaelinorops olssoni extentus — NICHOLSON et al. 2012

Anolis olssoni ferrugicauda SCHWARTZ 1981
Chamaelinorops olssoni ferrugicauda — NICHOLSON et al. 2012

Anolis olssoni insulanus SCHWARTZ 1981
Chamaelinorops olssoni insulanus — NICHOLSON et al. 2012

Anolis olssoni montivagus SCHWARTZ 1981
Chamaelinorops olssoni montivagus — NICHOLSON et al. 2012

Anolis olssoni palloris SCHWARTZ 1981
Chamaelinorops olssoni palloris — NICHOLSON et al. 2012 
DistributionHispaniola (Haiti, Dominican Republic)

Anolis olssoni olssoni: extreme northwestern República Dominicana and northeastern Haiti; perhaps also at Cap-Haïtien, Haiti. Type locality: El Morro de Monte Cristi, Monte Cristi Province, República Dominicana.

alienus: Presqu'île du Nord-Ouest.

dominigensis: República Dominicana, south-central coast.

extentus: in Haiti, the edge of Golfe de la Gonâve, east through Cul de Sac-Valle de Neiba (including adjacent xeric montane slopes) and Llanos de Azua; also Valle de San Juan; Île àCabrit.

ferrugicauda: north-central Haiti south and inland along Rivière d'Ennery, and Dessalines.

insulanus: Île de la Gonâve.

montivagus: Cordillera Central, República Dominicana.

palloris: Peninsula de Barahona.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: AMNH 13400
HOLOTYPE MCZ 62010 [alienus]
HOLOTYPE MCZ 143797 [dominigensis]
HOLOTYPE MCZ 156203 [extentus]
HOLOTYPE MCZ 156202 [ferrugicauda]
HOLOTYPE MCZ 80701 [insulanus]
HOLOTYPE MCZ 156205 [montivagus]
HOLOTYPE MCZ 156204 [palloris] 
CommentFor illustrations see Mertens, 1939; Mertens, 1940; Cochran, 1941; Schwartz and Henderson, 1985. 
References
  • Cochran, D.M. 1941. The herpetology of Hispaniola. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 177: vii + 398 pp. - get paper here
  • Hertz, P. E. 1976. Anolis alumina, new species of grass anole from the Barahona Peninsula of Hispaniola. Breviora (437): 1-19. - get paper here
  • Losos, J.B. 2007. Detective Work in the West Indies: Integrating Historical and Experimental Approaches to Study Island Lizard Evolution. BioScience 57 (7): 585-597
  • Mertens, R. 1939. Herpetologische Ergebnisse einer Reise nach der Insel Hispaniola, Westindien. Abh. senckenb. naturf. Ges. (Frankfurt) 449: 1-84.
  • Mertens, R. 1940. Zoologische Reisen auf der Insel Hispaniola (from Tierleben der Tropen). Verlag Dr. Waldemar Kramer, Frankfurt am Main, 155-241.
  • Nicholson, K. E., R. E. Glor, J. J. Kolbe, A. Larson, S. B. Hedges, and J. B. Losos 2005. Mainland colonization by island lizards. Journal of Biogeography 32: 929–938 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Queiroz, Kevin de; Ling-Ru Chu, and Jonathan B. Losos 1998. A Second Anolis Lizard in Dominica Amber and the Systematics and Ecological Morphology of Dominican Amber Anoles. American Museum Novitates 3249: 23 pp. - get paper here
  • Schmidt, K. P. 1919. Descriptions of new amphibians and reptiles from Santo Domingo and Navassa. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 41:519-525.
  • Schwartz, A. 1981. Variation in Hispaniolan Anolis olssoni Schmidt (Reptilia: Sauria: Iguanidae). Milwaukee Public Mus. Contr. Biol. and Geol. (47):1-21.
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. and Henderson, R.W. 1985. A guide to the identification of the amphibians and reptiles of the West Indies exclusive of Hispaniola. Milwaukee Public Mus., 165 pp.
  • Smith, J. W., J. S. Parmerlee, Jr., and R. Powell. 1995. Anolis olssoni. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (611) - get paper here
  • Smith, J. W.; Powell, R.; Parmerlee, J. S.;Smith, D. D.; Lathrop, A. 1994. Natural history notes on a population of grass anoles, Anolis olssoni (Sauria: Polychrotidae), from the Dominican Republic. Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 30: 67-75
 
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