Anolis peruensis POE, LATELLA, AYALA-VARELA, YAÑEZ-MIRANDA & TORRES-CARVAJAL, 2015
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Anolis peruensis?
|Higher Taxa||Dactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)|
|Synonym||Anolis peruensis POE, LATELLA, AYALA-VARELA, YAÑEZ-MIRANDA & TORRES-CARVAJAL 2015|
Type locality: 2.4 km west of Esperanza, Amazonas Province, Peru, 05°43.5539’S, 77°54.3289’W, 1857 m elevation
|Types||Holotype: MSB 72521, adult male, Steven Poe, Christian Yañez-Miranda, and Jenny Hollis, 25 April 2005.|
Paratypes. MSB 72522, adult female, MZUNAP 2.000188, hatchling female, same locality and collectors as holotype, 24 April 2005.
|Diagnosis||Diagnosis: We compare the new species to all recognized species of Anolis in Ecuador and Peru that display large smooth headscales and short limbs and tail. Anolis peruensis may be differentiated from A. heterodermus and A. vanzolinii by its smaller body size (SVL to 104 mm in A. vanzolinii, 73 mm in A. heterodermus; 56 mm in A. peruensis) and homogeneous lateral scutellation (heterogeneous in A. heterodermus and A. vanzolinii). Anolis peruensis differs from A. orcesi in possessing smaller headscales (Table 2) and differently colored male and female dewlaps (A. orcesi male: yellow with greenish blue at base, female: orange; A. peruensis male: solid yellow, female: black). Anolis peruensis differs from A. williamsmittermeierorum in male dewlap color (solid yellow in A. peruensis; tan and peach-orange in A. williamsmittermeierorum), female dewlap pattern (solid black in A. peruensis; black and white in A. williamsmitter- meierorum), internal throat coloration (gray in new species, black throat with bright yellow-orange at hinges of mouth in A. williamsmittermeierorum), larger size of dewlap scales, and smaller male and female dewlap (Fig. 2). Anolis peruensis differs from Anolis laevis in the anterior extent of the rostral scale (slight overlap of mental in A. peruensis; significant anterior extent in ‘‘proboscis anole’’ A. laevis [see Williams, 1979:fig. 1]), the number of dorsal midcaudal scale rows (one in A. peruensis, two in A. laevis) and the number of rows of loreal scales anterior to the orbit (three or four in A. peruensis, two in A. laevis). Anolis peruensis is most likely to be confused with A. orcesi and A. williamsmittermeierorum. Table 2 summarizes characteristics for these species.|
|Comment||Abundance: only known from its original description (Meiri et al. 2017).|
|Etymology||Named after the type locality.|