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Anolis planiceps TROSCHEL, 1848

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesGoldenscale Anole 
SynonymAnolis planiceps TROSCHEL 1848: 649
Anolis eewi ROZE 1958: 311
Anolis eewi — PETERS et al. 1970: 52
Anolis chrysolepis planiceps - VANZOLINI & WILLIAMS 1970: 85
Anolis nitens nitens - AVILA-PIRES 1995
Anolis chrysolepis planiceps — MYERS & DONNELLY 1997
Anolis eewi — GORZULA & SEÑARIS 1999
Anolis chrysolepis planiceps — MYERS & DONNELLY 2008
Anolis planiceps — D’ANGIOLELLA et al. 2011
Norops eewi — NICHOLSON et al. 2012 
DistributionE Venezuela (Bolivar, Amazonas), Guyana, Brazil (Roraima, Amazonas), Trinidad.

Type locality: Caracas, Venezuela

(Sub-) species no longer recognized:

eewi: Venezuela (Bolivar); Type locality: Cumbe de Torono Tepui, Chimantá Tepui, Estado Bolívar, Venezuela, 2100 m elevation. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: ZMB 529
Holotype: FMNH 74040 [eewi] 
CommentNot mentioned at all by NICHOLSON et al. 2012.

Description. Maximum SVL 76 mm. Double row of enlarged vertebral scales extending from nape to base of tail; few to several rows of weakly keeled scales, increasing in number caudally, forming a gradual transition between double row of enlarged scales and granules on flanks. Scales of upper arms markedly larger than vertebral scales. Supraorbital semicircles with enlarged scales, forming pronounced ridge in some specimens. Supraocular region with distinct group of enlarged, weakly keeled, scales surrounded by smaller scales. Interparietal distinctly larger than adjacent scales [from D’ANGIOLELLA et al. 2011].

Species group: Norops auratus Species Group (fide Nicholson et al. 2012)

Synonymy after Peters et al. 1970, VANZOLINI & WILLIAMS 1970, and Poe et al. 2017. Gorzula and Señaris (1999) noted that Anolis eewi is distinguished from A. chrysolepis by shorter legs but this character is somewhat variable, which is why Myers and Donnelly 2008 supported to synonymize eewi and planiceps.

Species group: Norops auratus Species Group (fide Nicholson et al. 2012) 
References
  • Avila-Pires,T.C.S. 1995. Lizards of Brazilian Amazonia (Reptilia: Squamata). Zoologische Verhandelingen 299: 1-706 - get paper here
  • Cole, Charles J.; Carol R. Townsend, Robert P. Reynolds, Ross D. MacCulloch, and Amy Lathrop 2013. Amphibians and reptiles of Guyana, South America: illustrated keys, annotated species accounts, and a biogeographic synopsis. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 125 (4): 317-578; plates: 580-620 - get paper here
  • D'angiolella, Annelise B.; Tony Gamble, Teresa C. S. Avila-Pires, Guarino R. Colli, Brice P. Noonan, and Laurie J. Vitt 2011. Anolis chrysolepis Duméril and Bibron, 1837 (Squamata: Iguanidae), Revisited: Molecular Phylogeny and Taxonomy of the Anolis chrysolepis Species Group. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 160 (2): 35-63. - get paper here
  • Gorzula, Stefan & Senaris, J. Celsa 1999. In: Contribution to the herpetofauna of the Venezuelan Guayana. I: a data base. Scientia Guaianae, Caracas, No. 8 [1998], 269+ pp.; ISBN 980-6020-48-0
  • Myers, Charles W.;Donnelly, Maureen A. 1997. A Tepui Herpetofauna on a Granitic Mountain (Tamacuari) in the Borderland Between Venezuela and Brazil: Report from the Phipps Tapirapecó Expedition. American Museum Novitates (3213): 1-71 - get paper here
  • Myers, Charles W.;Donnelly, Maureen A. 2008. The Summit Herpetofauna Of Auyantepui, Venezuela: Report From The Robert G. Goelet American Museum-Terramar Expedition. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 308: 1-147 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108
  • Oliveira, D.P.; S.M. Souza; L. Frazão; A.P. Almeida; T. Hrbek 2014. Lizards from central Jatapú River, Amazonas, Brazil. Check List 10 (1): 46-53 - get paper here
  • Peters, James A. & Donoso-Barros, Roberto 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part II. Lizards and Amphisbaenians. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 293 pp. - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Poe, Steven; Adrián Nieto-montes de Oca, Omar Torres-carvajal, Kevin De Queiroz, Julián A. Velasco, Brad Truett, Levi N. Gray, Mason J. Ryan, Gunther Köhler, Fernando Ayala-varela, Ian Latella 2017. A Phylogenetic, Biogeographic, and Taxonomic study of all Extant Species of Anolis (Squamata; Iguanidae). Syst Biol 2017: syx029 - get paper here
  • RIBEIRO-JÚNIOR, MARCO A. 2015. Catalogue of distribution of lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) from the Brazilian Amazonia. I. Dactyloidae, Hoplocercidae, Iguanidae, Leiosauridae, Polychrotidae, Tropiduridae. Zootaxa 3983 (1): 001–110
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & PHILIPPE J. R. KOK 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
  • Roze,J.A. 1958. Los reptiles del Chimantá Tepui (Estado Bolívar, Venezuela) colectados por la expedición botánica del Chicago Natural History Museum. Acta Biol. Venezuelica 2 (25): 299-314
  • Troschel, F.H. 1848. Amphibien. In: M.R. Schomburgk. Reisen in Britisch-Guiana in den Jahren 1840-44. Im Auftrage Sr. Majestät des Königs von Preussen ausgeführt. Theil 3. Versuch einer Zusammenstellung der Fauna und Flora von British-Guiana. Leipzig, pp. 645-661 - get paper here
  • Vanzolini,P.E. & Williams,E.E. 1970. South American anoles: the geographic differentiation and evolution of the Anolis chrysolepis species group (Sauria, Iguanidae). Arq. Zool. (São Paulo) 19: 1-298 - get paper here
 
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