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Anolis porcatus GRAY, 1840

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesAnolis porcatus aracelyae PEREZ-BEATO 1996
Anolis porcatus porcatus GRAY 1840 
Common NamesCuban Green Anole 
SynonymAnolis porcatus GRAY 1840: 112
Anolis carolinensis porcatus — GRAY 1845: 201
Anolis principalis porcatus — COPE 1887: 437
Anolis porcatus — BARBOUR 1904: 57
Anolis carolinensis porcatus — SCHWARTZ & OGREN 1956
Anolis porcatus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 317
Anolis porcatus — RODRÍGUEZ SCHETTINO 1999: 207
Anolis porcatus — NICHOLSON et al. 2005
Anolis porcatus — NICHOLSON et al. 2012

Anolis porcatus aracelyae PEREZ-BEATO 1996
Anolis porcatus aracelyae — FLASCHENDRÄGER 2002
Anolis porcatus aracelyae — NICHOLSON et al. 2012 
DistributionUSA (introduced to Florida),
Cuba, Isla de la Juventud, Hispaniola: Dominican Republic (Santo Domingo)

aracelyae: Cuba; Type locality: town of Santa Damiana, 3.5 km NE of San Juan y Martínez municipality, Pinar del Río Province

Type locality: Cuba.

Introduced to Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain (M. Lopez-Darias, Anole Annals July 20, 2016) and Brazil (São Paulo) (Prates et al. 2016). Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous.<br /><br />Hybridization: Anolis porcatus appears to hybridize with A. carolinensis in Florida (T. Hagey, Anole Annals 2016). 
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.8.12.7, BMNH 1946.8.12.66-.70; first-listed syntype from "Texas."
Holotype: MNHNCu 1445 [aracelyae] 
CommentFor illustrations see Ruibal and Williams, 1961; Vogel, 1965; Peters and Schubert, 1968.

Synonymy: Listed as synonym of A. carolinensis by BOULENGER 1885.

Species group: Anolis carolinensis species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
References
  • Anzai, Wataru; Antonio Cádiz, and Hideki Endo 2015. Sexual Dimorphisms of Appendicular Musculoskeletal Morphology Related to Social Displayin Cuban Anolis Lizards. Zoological Science 32 (5): 438-446 - get paper here
  • Barbour, T. 1904. Batrachia and Reptilia from the Bahamas. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 46: 55—61 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Buth, Donald G.;Gorman, George C.;Lieb, Carl S. 1980. Genetic divergence between Anolis carolinensis and its Cuban progenitor, Anolis porcatus. Journal of Herpetology 14 (3): 279-284 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1887. List of the Batrachia and Reptilia of the Bahama Islands. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 10: 436-439 - get paper here
  • Flaschendräger, A. 2002. Beobachtungen an Anolis-Arten in der Cordillera de Guaniguanico, Provinz Pinar del Río, West-Kuba. Herpetofauna 24 (138): 5-18 - get paper here
  • Fläschendräger, Axel 2017. Beobachtungen an einigen Anolis-Arten im westlichen Kuba Terraria-Elaphe (5): 52-63 - get paper here
  • Gibbons, Whit; Judy Greene, and Tony Mills 2009. LIZARDS AND CROCODILIANS OF THE SOUTHEAST. University of Georgia Press, 240 pp.
  • Gray, J. E. 1840. Catalogue of the species of reptiles collected in Cuba by W. S. MacLeay, esq.; with some notes on their habits extracted from his MS. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (1) 5: 108-115. - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Hadley, C.E. 1929. Color changes intwo Cuban lizards. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 69: 107-114 - get paper here
  • Helmus, Matthew R.; Jocelyn E. Behm, Wendy A.M. Jesse, Jason J. Kolbe,Jacintha Ellers, and Jonathan B. Losos 2016. EXOTICS EXHIBIT MORE EVOLUTIONARY HISTORY THAN NATIVES: A COMPARISON OF THE ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION OF EXOTIC AND NATIVE ANOLE LIZARDS. In: Invasion Genetics: The Baker and Stebbins Legacy, First Edition. Edited by Spencer C. H. Barrett, Robert I. Colautti, Katrina M. Dlugosch, and Loren H. Rieseberg; John Wiley & Sons, pp. 122-138 (publication year given as 2017 in the book) - get paper here
  • Heselhaus, Ralf & Schmidt, Matthias 1995. Caribbean Anoles. TFH Publications, Neptune City, NJ, 65 pp.
  • KÖHLER, GUNTHER 2014. Characters of external morphology used in Anolis taxonomy—Definition of terms, advice on usage, and illustrated examples. Zootaxa 3774 (2): 201–257 - get paper here
  • Kolbe, J.J.; Richard E. GLOR, LOURDES RODRIGUEZ SCHETTINO,<br />ADA CHAMIZO LARA, ALLAN LARSON AND JONATHAN B. LOSOS 2007. Multiple Sources, Admixture, and Genetic Variation in Introduced Anolis Lizard Populations. Conservation Biology 21 (6): 1612–1625 - get paper here
  • Krüger, B. 2008. Herpetologisches zwischen Kolumbus’ Landungspunkt und der Karibik - Kubas mittlerer Osten. Reptilia (Münster) 13 (69): 44-49 - get paper here
  • Krysko, K.K.; Enge, K.M.; Donlan, E.M.; Golden, E.Z.; Burgess, J.P. & Larson, K.W. 2009. THE NON-MARINE HERPETOFAUNA OF KEY BISCAYNE, FLORIDA. Herp. Cons. Biol. 5 (1):132-142 - get paper here
  • Kunz, K. 2005. Photogenic herpetofauna. Notes on Cuban Synanthropic species. Reptilia (GB) (43): 47-53 - get paper here
  • Leptien, R. & Werning, H. 2009. Exoten-Tagebuch. [introduced reptiles in Florida]. Draco 10 (37): 44-54 - get paper here
  • Losos, J. B. 2009. Lizards in an Evolutionary Tree: Ecology and Adaptive Radiation of Anoles. Berkeley: University of California Press, 528 pp.
  • Losos, Jonathan B., Manuel Leal, Richard E. Glor, Kevin de Queiroz, Paul E. Hertz, Lourdes Rodríguez Schettino, Ada Chamizo Lara, Todd R. Jackman & Allan Larson 2003. Niche lability in the evolution of a Caribbean lizard community. Nature 424: 542-545
  • Meshaka et al. 1997. The Cuban Reen Anole, Anolis porcatus: A new Anole established in Florida. Herpetological Review 28 (2): 101 - get paper here
  • Meshaka Jr., Walter E. 2011. A RUNAWAY TRAIN IN THE MAKING: THE EXOTIC AMPHIBIANS, REPTILES, TURTLES, AND CROCODILIANS OF FLORIDA. Herp. Cons. Biol. 6 (Monograph 1): 1-101 - get paper here
  • Nicholson, K. E., R. E. Glor, J. J. Kolbe, A. Larson, S. B. Hedges, and J. B. Losos 2005. Mainland colonization by island lizards. Journal of Biogeography 32: 929–938 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108
  • Perez-Beato O. 1996. A new subspecies of Anolis porcatus (Sauria: Polychrotidae) from western Cuba. Revista de Biologia Tropical 44-45 (3-1): 295-299 [1996-1997] - get paper here
  • Perez-Beato, O. 1982. Algunos indicadores en el desarollo de Anolis porcatus (Sauria: Iguanidae). Ciencias Biologicas 7: 127-129
  • Pérez-Beato, O. 1996. A new subspecies of Anolis procatus (Sauria: Polychrotidae) from Western Cuba. Revista de Biologia Tropical 44 (4) / 45 (1): 295-299 - get paper here
  • Peters, G.,and Schubert, R. 1968. Theoretische und praktische Aspekte einer biologischen Expedition durch Kuba. Biol. Schule 8/9:337-46.
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Powell, R. 1992. Anolis porcatus. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (541) - get paper here
  • Powell, Robert 1990. Range expansion by an introduced anole: Anolis porcatus in the Dominican Republic. Amphibia-Reptilia 11: 421-425 - get paper here
  • Prates, Ivan; Leyla Hernandez, Ricardo R. Samelo and Ana C. Carnaval 2016. Molecular Identification and Geographic Origin of an Exotic Anole Lizard Introduced to Brazil, with Remarks on Its Natural History. South American J. Herp. 11 (3): 220–227 - get paper here
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes (ed.) 1999. The iguanid lizards of Cuba. University Press of Florida, 428 pp.
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes, Carlos A. Mancina & Vilma Rivalta González 2013. REPTILES OF CUBA: CHECKLIST AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (144): 1-96 - get paper here
  • Ruibal, R. 1964. An annotated checklist and key to the anoline lizards of Cuba. Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harvard 130 (8): 475-520. - get paper here
  • Ruibal, R. and Williams, E.E. 1961. Two sympatric Cuban anoles of the carolinensis group. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 125 (7): 183-208. - get paper here
  • Samelo, Ricardo R. and Walter Barrella. 2016. Geographic Distribution: Anolis porcatus (Cuban Green Anole). Herpetological Review 47 (2): 256
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Torres, Javier and Martín Acosta. 2014. Predation attempt by Anolis porcatus (Sauria, Dactyloidae) on Mus musculus (Rodentia, Muridae). Herpetology Notes 7: 525-526 - get paper here
  • Varona, Luis S.;Garrido, Orlando H. 1970. Vertebrados de los Cayos de San Felipe, Cuba, Inclyendo una nueva especie de Jutía. Poeyana (75): 1-26
  • Vogel, Z. 1965. Herpetologische Beobachtungen auf Kuba. Aquar. und Terrar. 12 (7):235-39.
 
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