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Anolis prasinorius KÖHLER & HEDGES, 2016

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymAnolis prasinorius KÖHLER & HEDGES 2016: 104
Anolis singularis WILLIAMS 1965: 9
Anolis singularis — SCHWARTZ & THOMAS 1975 (in part.)
Anolis singularis — SCHWARTZ 1980 (in part.)
Anolis singularis — HENDERSON & INCHAUSTEGUI 1984 (in part.)
Anolis singularis — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988 (in part.)
Anolis singularis — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991 (in part.)
Anolis singularis — POWELL et al. 1996 (in part.)
Anolis singularis — HENDERSON & POWELL 2009 (in part.) 
DistributionDominican Republic (Barahona, E Sierra de Bahoruco), elevation 700-1410 m

Type locality: Cortico (18.11163, -71.22293), 1340 m elevation, Province Barahona, Dominican Republic  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype. SMF 97992, an adult male; collected 31 October 2013 by Gunther Köhler and Marcos Rodríguez. Field tag number GK-4847.
Paratypes. All from Province Barahona, Dominican Republic: KU 216093, 13 mi SE Cabral, collected 28 August 1971 by local collectors and given to Albert Schwartz. KU 216094–95, 12.3 mi SE Cabral, collected 30 August 1971 by local collectors and given to Albert Schwartz. KU 216096, 16 km SW Cabral, collected 31 August 1971 by local collectors and given to Albert Schwartz. KU 253071, 21 km S Cabral, road to La Lanza, collected 3 January 1971 by D. C. Fowler. MCZ R-167755, 21 km SW Barahona at ‘Haitian Village’, collected 10 July 1983 by Glenn Flores. MCZ R-106993, entrance to Monteada Nueva on road to Polo: 1060 m, collected 28 July 1968 by Ernest E. Williams, A. Stanley Rand, and Eugenio de Jesus Marcano F. MCZ R-140145, 12.3 mi SE Cabral, collected 5 October 1973 by T. Preston Webster. MCZ R-146671, 22 km W Barahona on road to Jose Joaquim, collected 23. July 1975 by Ernest E. Williams and William E. Haas. SMF 97979, entrance of road to Cortíco (18.13273, -71.26696), 1060 m, collected 31 October 2013 by Gunther Köhler and Marcos Rodríguez. SMF 98186 (KJ566831, EF531482), Loma del Curro, at crest of Sierra Martín García (18.36996, -71.01179), 1060 m, collected 30 May 1996 by S. Blair Hedges, Renee Sharp, Patrick Parker, and Kristin Nastase. SMF 97978, near Cortíco (18.11137, -71.22675) 1410 m, collected 30 October 2013 by Gunther Köhler and Marcos Rodríguez. SMF 98187 (KJ566832, KJ566892), SMF 98188, 18.6 km S Cabral, 1000 m, collected 6 February 1996 by S. Blair Hedges, Renee Sharp, Patrick Parker, and Kristin Nastase. USNM 558737 (KJ566826, KJ566891), 18.6 km S Cabral, 1000 m, collected 27 July 1991 by Richard Thomas and S. Blair Hedges. USNM 558738 (EF531481), 18.6 km S Cabral, 1000 m, collected 31 May 1996 by S. Blair Hedges, Renee Sharp, Patrick Parker, and Kristin Nastase. USNM 329271 (KJ566810, KJ566885), USNM 329272, 15.3 km S, 6.7 km E (road) Cabral, collected 26 August 1984 by S. Blair Hedges. 
CommentDistribution: see map in KÖHLER & HEDGES 2016: 85 (Fig. 59).

Conservation. Given its presumably small geographic range, KÖHLER & HEDGES 2016 consider the conservation status of Anolis prasinorius to be Endangered based on criterion B1ab (iii) of the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria (IUCN, 2012). 
EtymologyThe name prasinorius is a compound noun in apposition derived from prasinos (Greek for “green”) and oreios (Greek for “of the mountains”) referring to the overall green coloration of the animal and to its habitat in the Sierra de Bahoruco. 
References
  • Henderson, R.W., and Schwartz, A. 1984. A guide to the identification of the amphibians and reptiles of Hispaniola. Spec. PubI. Milwaukee Public Mus. Biol. and Geol. (4):1-70.
  • Köhler, Gunther and S. Blair Hedges 2016. A revision of the green anoles of Hispaniola with description of eight new species (Reptilia, Squamata, Dactyloidae) NOVITATES CARIBAEA 9: 1-135 - get paper here
  • Kwet, Axel 2017. Neue Arten: Liste der im Jahr 2016 neu beschriebenen Reptilien Terraria-Elaphe 2017 (3): 54-70 - get paper here
  • Powell, R., R. W. Henderson, K. Adler, And H. A. Dundee. 1996. An annotated checklist of West Indian amphibians and reptiles. In R. Powell and R. W. Henderson (eds.), Contributions to West Indian Herpetology: A Tribute to Albert Schwartz, p.51-93. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Ithaca (New York). Contributions to Herpetology, volume 12.
  • Schwartz, A. 1980. The herpetogeography of Hispaniola, West Indies. Stud. on the Fauna of Curacao and other Caribbean Islands 61: 86-127. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1988. West Indian Amphibian and Reptiles: A Checklist. Milwaukee Publ. Mus. Contr. Biol. Geol. No. 74: 264 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. and R. Thomas. 1975. A checklist of West Indian amphibians and reptiles. Carnegie Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ. 1:1-216.
  • Williams, E. E. 1965. The species of Hispaniolan green anoles (Sauria, Iguanidae). Breviora (227): 1-16. - get paper here
 
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