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Anolis pseudotigrinus AMARAL, 1933

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesFalse Tiger Anole 
SynonymAnolis pseudotigrinus AMARAL 1933: 60
Anolis pseudotigrinus — PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970: 64
Dactyloa pseudotigrina — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Anolis pseudotigrinus — PRATES et al. 2017 
DistributionBrazil (Espirito Santo)

Type locality: Region of Rio Doce, Espirito Santo, Brazil. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: MZUSP 721.B (was Museu Paulista 721 B, female) 
CommentSpecies groups: Dactyloa punctata species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012).

Comparisons (traits of taxa compared to Anolis pseudotigrinus in parentheses): Anolis pseudotigrinus can be distinguished from A. fuscoauratus, A. ortonii, and A. punctatus by a lichenous dorsal body coloration with green background (A. fuscoauratus: brown or gray; A. ortonii: marmorated with brown, gray and black; A. punctatus: green, often with white spots), 106–118 scales around mid-body (A. fuscoauratus: 124–157; A. ortonii: 123–180; A. punctatus: 132–167), smooth dorsals (weakly keeled), and smooth snout scales between nostrils (keeled). Anolis pseudotigrinus further differs from A. fuscoauratus and A. punctatus by supraorbital semicircles in contact (separated by granular scales) and well-developed dewlap in females (vestigial). Anolis pseudotigrinus differs from A. nasofrontalis by about 12–14 rows of gorgetal- sternal dewlap scales (five to seven), 87–98 dorsals (78–89) and 79–90 ventrals (66–73) between axilla and groin, 106–118 scales around mid-body (95–104), and large white dewlap in females (small orange dewlap). Anolis pseudotigrinus can be further distinguished from A. fuscoauratus, A. nasofrontalis, and A. ortonii by a pointed snout (blunt). (Prates et al. 2017). 
References
  • Amaral, A. do 1933. Estudos sobre Lacertilios neotropicos. I. novos generos e especies de largartos do Brasil. Mem. Inst. Butantan 7 [1932]: 51-75 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Prates I, Melo-Sampaio PR, Drummond LO, Teixeira Jr M, Rodrigues MT, Carnaval AC. 2017. Biogeographic links between southern Atlantic Forest and western South America: rediscovery, redescription, and phylogenetic relationships of two rare montane anole lizards from Brazil. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, available online 11 May 2017 - get paper here
 
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