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Anolis purpurescens COPE, 1899

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesPurple Anole 
SynonymAnolis purpurescens COPE 1899: 7
Anolis purpurescens — TAYLOR 1956: 75
Anolis chocorum WILLIAMS & DUELLMAN 1967
Anolis chocorum — PETERS et al. 1970: 51
Anolis purpurescens — PETERS et al. 1970: 64
Dactyloa chocorum - GUYER & SAVAGE 1986
Anolis purpurescens — WILLIAMS 1988
Dactyloa chocorum — KÖHLER 2000: 59
Dactyloa chocorum — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Dactyloa purpurescens — NICHOLSON et al. 2012 
DistributionN Colombia, Panama, Costa Rica

Type locality: Río Truando, Colombia.

chocorum: E Panama (Darién), Colombia (forest of lowlands 20-700m at Pacific Coast; Chocó), Costa Rica; Type locality: Río Tuira at Quebreda La Plata, Darién, Panama, elevation 100 m. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: USNM 4321
Holotype: KU 96934, adult male [chocorum] 
CommentSynonymy: Species status still unconfirmed (fide Williams 1988). Not listed by KÖHLER 2000. Populations of these species from Panama have been assigned to A. ibanezi. Batista et al. (2015) synonymized chocorum with purpurescens.

Distribution: not in Costa Rica fide Bolaños (pers. comm.). Possibly in Panama but without verified records.

Species group: Dactyloa latifrons species group (NICHOLSON et al. 2012).

NCBI Tax ID: 1091128 (originally assigned to chocorum) 
References
  • BATISTA, ABEL; MILAN VESELY, KONRAD MEBERT, SEBASTIAN LOTZKAT & GUNTHER KÖHLER 2015. A new species of Dactyloa from eastern Panama, with comments on other Dactyloa species present in the region. Zootaxa 4039 (1): 057–084 - get paper here
  • Castro-Herrera, F. & Vargas-Salinas, F. 2008. Anfibios y reptiles en el departamento del Valle del Cauca, Colombia. Biota Colombiana 9 (2): 251 - 277 - get paper here
  • Chun, Wesley 2010. Miscellaneous notes on some rare and unusual anoles. Anolis Newsletter VI: 14-22
  • Cope, E.D. 1899. Contributions to the herpetology of New Granada and Argentina, with descriptions of new forms. Philadelphia Mus. Sci. Bull. (1): 1-19
  • Köhler, G. 2000. Reptilien und Amphibien Mittelamerikas, Bd 1: Krokodile, Schildkröten, Echsen. Herpeton Verlag, Offenbach, 158 pp.
  • Myers, C. W. 1971. A new species of green anole (Reptilia: Sauria) from the North Coast of Veraguas, Panamá. American Museum Novitates 2470: 1-14 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108
  • Peters, James A. & Donoso-Barros, Roberto 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part II. Lizards and Amphisbaenians. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 293 pp. - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Poe, S.; Latella, I.M.; Ryan, M.J. & Schaad, E.W. 2009. A new species of Anolis lizard (Squamata, Iguania) from Panama. Phyllomedusa 8 (2): 81-87 - get paper here
  • Rengifo M, Jhon Tailor; Fernando C. Herrera, Francisco J. Purroy 2014. Diversidad de una comunidad de Anolis (Iguania: Dactyloidae) en la selva pluvial central, departamento del Chocó, Colombia. Basic and Applied Herpetology 28: 51-63 - get paper here
  • Savage, J.M. 2002. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Costa Rica: A Herpetofauna Between Two Continents, Between Two Seas. University of Chicago Press, 934 pp. [review in Copeia 2003 (1): 205]
  • Taylor, E. H. 1956. A review of the lizards of Costa Rica. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 38 (part 1): 3-322 - get paper here
  • VELASCO, JULIÁN A. & JUAN PABLO HURTADO-GÓMEZ 2014. A new green anole lizard of the "Dactyloa" clade (Squamata: Dactyloidae) from the Magdalena river valley of Colombia. Zootaxa 3785 (2): 201–216 - get paper here
  • Williams E E 1988. New or problematic Anolis from Colombia. 5. Anolis danieli, a new species of the latifrons species group and a reassessment of Anolis appollinaris Boulenger, 1919. Breviora (489): 1-25 - get paper here
  • Williams, Ernest E.; Duellman, William E. 1967. Anolis chocorum, a new punctatus-like anole from Darién, Panama (Sauria, Iguanidae). Breviora (256): 1-12 - get paper here
 
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