Anolis quercorum FITCH, 1978
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Anolis quercorum?
|Higher Taxa||Dactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)|
|Common Names||E: Oaxacan Oak Anole, Gray Anole|
S: Anolis Gris
|Synonym||Anolis quercorum FITCH 1978: 6|
Norops quercorum — LINER 1994
Norops quercorum — NICHOLSON 2002
Anolis quercorum — LINER 2007
Norops quercorum — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Anolis quercorum — KÖHLER et al. 2014
Norops quercorum — NICHOLSON et al. 2018
|Distribution||Mexico (Oaxaca, Puebla, Guerrero)|
Type locality: 26 km SE Nochixtlán (2.5 km NW Cuesta Blanca, Highway 190), Oaxaca, Mexico.
|Types||Holotype: KU 176050, adult male, collected 8 February 1977 by H. S. Fitch.|
|Diagnosis||Diagnosis. A small species (SVL in largest male 46.0 mm, largest female 43.5 mm) of the genus Anolis (sensu Poe 2004) that differs from all Mexican and Central American anoles except A. carlliebi and A. sacamecatensis by having a combination of (1) strongly keeled ventral scales; (2) usually a patch of three greatly enlarged supraocular scales; (3) 12–20 rows of slightly to moderately enlarged dorsal scales that are smaller than ventral scales; (4) short hind legs, longest toe of adpressed hind leg usually reaching to ear opening or to a point between ear opening and eye, ratio shank length/SVL 0.22–0.26; (5) circumnasal usually in contact with first supralabial; and (6) a large pink dewlap in males and a very small pinkish orange-red dewlap in females (Fig. 65). Anolis quercorum differs from A. carlliebi and A. sacamecatensis in the ranges and average values of several morphometric and pholidotic characters (see Table 9), most obvious in (1) number of middorsal scales in one head length; (2) ratio shank length/ HL; and (3) subdigital lamellae on Phalanges II–IV of Toe IV. Also, Anolis quercorum differs from A. carlliebi and A. sacamecatensis in hemipenis morphology (hemipenis distinctly bilobed in A. quercorum vs. unilobed in A. carlliebi and slightly bilobed in A. sacamecatensis) and by substantial genetic distances (see above) (KÖHLER et al. 2014: 85).|
|Comment||Species group: Norops auratus Species Group (fide Nicholson et al. 2012)|
|Etymology||Named after the Latin “of the oaks”, referring to the habitat of this species.|
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