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Anolis ravifaux SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON, 1982

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Saona Stout Anole 
SynonymAnolis cybotes ravifaux SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1982: 3
Anolis cybotes — BOULENGER 1885 (in part.)
Anolis cybotes — SCHMIDT 1921 (in part.)
Anolis cybotes — BARBOUR & LOVERIDGE 1929 (in part.)
Anolis cybotes — BARBOUR 1930a (in part.)
Anolis cybotes — BARBOUR 1930b (in part.)
Anolis cybotes — SCHWARTZ 1979 (in part.)
Audantia cybotes ravifaux — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Audantia cybotes ravifaux — NICHOLSON et al. 2018
Audantia ravifaux — KÖHLER et al. 2019: 44 
DistributionHispaniola: Isla Saona, and (questionably) Isla Catalinita.

Type locality: environs of Mano Juan, Isla Saona, República Dominicana.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: MCZ 156221 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A species of the genus Audantia that differs from all congeners by the combination of having (1) smooth ventral scales; (2) male dewlap dirty white with or without yellow suffusions; (3) no dark gular streaks in males; (4) no patch of enlarged scales in nuchal region; (5) a double row of weakly enlarged (usually less than twice the size of adjacent scales), smooth and non-mucronate vertebral scales; (6) two or three sublabial scales in contact with infralabials; (7) 170–204 scales around midbody in males; and (8) enlarged scales on anterior surface of thigh smooth (Fig. 23 in Köhler et al. 2019).

Audantia ravifaux differs from A. breslini, A. cybotes, A. saxatilis, and A. shrevei by having smooth enlarged scales on anterior surface of thigh (vs. keeled); and by having smooth ventrals (vs. keeled, some individuals of A. breslini and A. cybotes with smooth ventrals). Audantia ravifaux differs further from A. shrevei by lacking a patch of greatly enlarged scales in nuchal region (vs. such a patch present). Audantia ravifaux differs from A. marcanoi and A. strahmi by having smooth enlarged scales on anterior surface of thigh (vs. keeled); and by having a dirty white male dewlap (vs. rose-red at the edge, more orangish anteriorly and posteriorly, but purplish or even bluish toward the center in A. marcanoi, and orange with paler center in A. strahmi). Audantia ravifaux differs from A. armouri, A. doris, and A. longitibialis by having smooth enlarged scales on anterior surface of thigh (vs. keeled). Audantia ravifaux differs further from A. doris by having a double row of weakly enlarged, usually less than twice the size of adjacent scales, smooth and non-mucronate vertebral scales (vs. greatly enlarged, at least three times the size of adjacent scales, keeled and mucronate vertebral scales). For differences between A. ravifaux and the species described below, see the respective accounts of the new species. 
CommentSimilar species: A. cybotes, as which it has been treated in much of the older literature. 
Etymology 
References
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