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Anolis roquet (BONNATERRE, 1789)

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesAnolis roquet roquet (BONNATERRE 1789)
Anolis roquet caracoli LAZELL 1972
Anolis roquet majolgris LAZELL 1972
Anolis roquet salinei LAZELL 1972
Anolis roquet summus LAZELL 1972
Anolis roquet zebrilus LAZELL 1972 
Common NamesMartinique's anole, Savannah Anole 
SynonymLacerta roquet LACÉPÈDE 1788: 1
Lacerta roquet — BONNATERRE 1789: 54
Ptychonotus fasciatus — FITZINGER 1843: 65 (fide BOULENGER 1885)
Anolis roquet — NICHOLSON et al. 2005
Dactyloa roquet — NICHOLSON et al. 2012

Anolis roquet roquet (BONNATERRE 1789)
Anolis martinicensis SUCKOW 1798
Anolis cepedii MERREM 1820: 45
Anolis goudotii DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 108
Anolis alligator DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 134
Anolis alligator — HALLOWELL 1856: 231
Dactyloa goudotii — FITZINGER 1843: 67 (fide BOULENGER 1885)
Anolis alligator — BOULENGER 1885: 31
Anolis roquet roquet — UNDERWOOD in WILLIAMS et al. 1959
Anolis roquet — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 328

Anolis roquet caracoli LAZELL 1972
Anolis roquet caracoli — SCHMIDT 1980
Anolis roquet caracoli — ROUGHGARDEN 1995
Anolis roquet caracoli — AKERET 2012: 120 (Terraria/Elaphe 3)
Dactyloa roquet cracoli [sic] — NICHOLSON et al. 2012

Anolis roquet majolgris LAZELL 1972
Anolis roquet majolgris — SCHMIDT 1980
Anolis roquet majolgris — ROUGHGARDEN 1995
Anolis roquet majolgris — HESELHAUS & SCHMIDT 1995
Dactyloa roquet majogris [sic] — NICHOLSON et al. 2012

Anolis roquet salinei LAZELL 1972
Anolis roquet salinei — SCHMIDT 1980
Anolis roquet salinei — ROUGHGARDEN 1995
Anolis roquet salinei — HESELHAUS & SCHMIDT 1995
Dactyloa roquet salinei — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Anolis roquet salinei — AKERET 2016

Anolis roquet summus LAZELL 1972
Anolis roquet summus — SCHMIDT 1980
Anolis roquet summus — ROUGHGARDEN 1995
Anolis roquet summus — HESELHAUS & SCHMIDT 1995
Dactyloa roquet summa — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Anolis roquet summus — ZAWADZKI 2013

Anolis roquet zebrilus LAZELL 1972
Anolis roquet zebrilus — SCHMIDT 1980
Anolis roquet zebrilus — HESELHAUS & SCHMIDT 1995
Anolis roquet zebrilus — VOSS 1997
Anolis roquet zebrilus — ROUGHGARDEN 1995
Dactyloa roquet zebrila — NICHOLSON et al. 2012 
DistributionLesser Antilles: Martinique. All subspecies described by LAZELL 1972 occur on Martinique.

roquet: southern and central Martinique, except for extreme southeastern part; Rocher de Diamant; intergrades with A. r. caracoli and A. r. salinei; specimens from Trinité and Ilet St.-Aubin combine characters of A. r. roquet, A. r. majoîgris, and A. r. caracoli. Type locality: None given. “Fort-de-France, Martinique” designated by Lazell 1972 (to neotype).

caracoli: eastern end of Presqu'île de la Caravelle.

majoigris: northeastern coast from Derrière Morne ta Le Lorain.

salinei: extreme southeastern Martinique; Île Cabrits, Ilet Chevalier.

summus: mountains of northern Martinique from Montagne Pelée south ta Absalon above Fort-de-France.

zebrilus: north-cental west coast from Case Pilote north ta Le Trou, south of St.-Pierre. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesNeotype: MCZ 81581
HOLOTYPE MCZ 81601 [caracoli]
HOLOTYPE MCZ 81664 [majoigris]
HOLOTYPE MCZ 81675 [salinei]
HOLOTYPE MCZ 81530 [summus]
HOLOTYPE MCZ 81619 [zebrilus] 
CommentSynonymy: after Lazell 1972.

Distribution: not in Venezuela; reports from Venezuela are based on A. extremus, formerly, A. roquet extremus, a species that has been introduced to Venezuela [RIVAS et al. 2012]. Reported from other islands too (Grenada, Barbados, St. Lucia, Trinidad, Guiana) but now restricted to Martinique (Creer et al. 2001).

Nomenclature: SAVAGE (2003) suggested to reject Lacepède’s (1788) “Histoire Naturelle des Quadrupèdes Ovipares” as a non-binominal work (Case 3226; Bull. Zool. Nom. 60 (2)). This application has been successful. The ICZN (2005) has ruled that Lacepède’s (1788) work (and all subsequent editions of this work) are rejected as an unavailable, non-binominal work.

Species groups: Dactyloa roquet species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
  • Akeret, Beat 2015. Sukkulenten – Überlebenskünstler in Trockengebieten Draco 16 (62): 6-20
  • Anderson, Christopher V., Fabre, Anne-Claire and Herrel, Anthony 2016. Anolis roquet (Martinique's Anole) Coloration Herpetological Review 47 (4): 665-666
  • Bonnaterre, P.J. 1789. Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature, . . . Erpétologie. Panckoucke, Paris, xxviii+71 pp. (+ plates + index) - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Creer, Douglas A., Kevin de Queiroz, Todd R. Jackman, Jonathan B. Losos and Allan Larson 2001. Systematics of the Anolis roquet series of the southern Lesser Antillies. Journal of Herpetology 35 (3): 428-441 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1837. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 4. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 570 pp. - get paper here
  • Fitzinger, L. 1843. Systema Reptilium, fasciculus primus, Amblyglossae. Braumüller et Seidel, Wien: 106 pp. - get paper here
  • Gorman, G. C.; Dessauer, H.C. 1966. The relationships of Anolis of the Roquet species group (Sauria: Iguanidae) I. Electrophoretic comparison of blood proteins. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 19:845-853
  • Gorman, G.C. 1969. The zoogeography of Lesser Antillean Anolis lizards; an analysis based upon chromosomes and lactic dehydrogenases. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 138 (3): 53-80. - get paper here
  • Gorman, George C. & Atkins, Leonard 1968. The relationships of the Anolis of the roquet species group (Sauria: Iguanidae). III. Comparative study of display behavior. Breviora (284): 1-31 - get paper here
  • Gorman, George C.;Atkins, Leonard 1967. The relationships of the Anolis of the roquet species group (Sauria: Iguanidae). II. Comparative chromosome cytology. Systematic Zoology 16 (2): 137-143
  • Gow, J.L.; Johansson, H.; Surget-Groba, Y. & Thorpe, R.S. 2006. Ten polymorphic tetranucleotide microsatellite markers isolated from the Anolis roquet series of Caribbean lizards. Molecular Ecology Notes 6: 873–876
  • Hallowell, E. 1856. Notes on reptiles in the collection of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 8: 221-238 - get paper here
  • Herfurth, H. 2009. Schönheit hat einen Namen: Anolis roquet summus (LAZELL 1972). Reptilia (Münster) 14 (77): 71-77 - get paper here
  • Heselhaus, Ralf & Schmidt, Matthias 1995. Caribbean Anoles. TFH Publications, Neptune City, NJ, 65 pp.
  • ICZN 2005. OPINION 2104 (Case 3226). Lacepède, B.G.É. de la V., 1788, Histoire Naturelle des Quadrupèdes Ovipares: rejected as a non-binominal work. Bull. Zool. Nomenclature 62 (1): 55 - get paper here
  • Johansson, H.; Surget-Groba, Y. & Thorpe, R.S. 2008. Microsatellite data show evidence for male-biased dispersal in the Caribbean lizard Anolis roquet. Molecular Ecology 17: 4425–4432
  • Lacépède, B. G. E. 1788. Histoire Naturelle des Quadrupe des Ovipares et des Serpens. Vol.1. Imprimerie du Roi, Hôtel de Thou, Paris, xvii + 651 pp. - get paper here
  • Lazell,J.D. 1972. The anoles (Sauria: Iguanidae) of the lesser Antilles. Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harvard 143 (1): 1-115 - get paper here
  • Manthey, U. 1984. 9 Jahre Anolis - Zucht, Teil 3: Erfahrungen und Ergebnisse. Sauria 6 (4): 9-14 - get paper here
  • Nicholson, K. E., R. E. Glor, J. J. Kolbe, A. Larson, S. B. Hedges, and J. B. Losos 2005. Mainland colonization by island lizards. Journal of Biogeography 32: 929–938 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Roughgarden, J. 1995. Anolis Lizards of the Caribbean: Ecology, Evolution, and Plate Tectonics. OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS, 200 pp.
  • Savage, J.M. 2003. Lacepéde, B.G.É. de la V., 1788, Histoire Naturelle des Quadrupédes Ovipares: proposed rejection as a non-binomial work. Bull. Zool. Nomenclature 60 (2): 138 - get paper here
  • Savage,J.M. & Guyer,C. 1991. Nomenclatural notes on Anoles (Sauria: Polychridae): stability over priority. Journal of Herpetology 25 (3): 365-366 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, J. 1980. Warum eigentlich immer Anolis carolinensis? Teil 3. Herpetofauna 2 (8): 24-26 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Thorpe, R. S., Barlow, A., Malhotra, A. and Surget-Groba, Y. 2015. Widespread parallel population adaptation to climate variation across a radiation: implications for adaptation to climate change. Molecular Ecology, 24: 1019–1030. doi: 10.1111/mec.13093 - get paper here
  • Thorpe, Roger S.; Yann Surget-Groba & Helena Johanss 2010. Genetic Tests for Ecological and Allopatric Speciation in Anoles on an Island Archipelago. PLoS Genet 6(4): e1000929. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1000929 - get paper here
  • Thorpe, Roger S.; Yann Surget-Groba and Helena Johansson 2008. The relative importance of ecology and geographic isolation for speciation in anoles. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 363: 3071–3081
  • Van Beest, P. and Haberham, Z.L. 2003. Een gebruikaanwijzing voor één van de meest interssante groepen terrarumdieren: Anolissen Deel I. Lacerta 61 (2): 53-64 - get paper here
  • Voss, G. 1997. Stressfaktoren im Terrarium. Reptilia (Münster) 2 (5): 52-54 - get paper here
  • Williams, Ernest E.; Quesnel, Victor C.; Kenny, Julian S.; Underwood,G. 1959. The anoles of the Eastern Caribbean (Sauria, Iguanidae) Part. I. Preface; Part II. Two sibling species of anoles in Trinidad; Part. III. Revisionary notes. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 121 (5): 185-226 + 1 plate - get paper here
  • Yang, Suh Yung;Soulé, Michael;Gorman, George C. 1974. Anolis lizards of the eastern Caribbean: A case study in evolution. I. Genetic relationships, phylogeny, and colonization of the roquet group. Systematic Zoology 23 (3): 387-399
  • Zawadzki, Mike 2013. Die Überwinterung von Echsen. Draco 14 (55): 42-49 - get paper here
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