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Anolis sacamecatensis KÖHLER, TREJO PÉREZ, PETERSEN & MÉNDEZ DE LA CRUZ, 2014

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymAnolis sacamecatensis KÖHLER, TREJO PÉREZ, PETERSEN & MÉNDEZ DE LA CRUZ 2014: 77
Anolis quercorum — PETERSON et al. 2004
Anolis sacamecatensis — MATA-SILVA et al. 2015 
DistributionMexico (Oaxaca)

Type locality: Cerro Sacamecates (16.549440°N, 95.819820°W, WGS84), 2035 m, Estado de Oaxaca, Mexico  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype. SMF 96705, an adult male; collected 18 June 2013 by Raúl Gómez Trejo Pérez. Field tag number GK-4549.
Paratypes. GK-4533, GK-4535, GK-4543, GK-4545–47, GK-4550 (IBH uncatalogued), SMF 96706–13, same collecting data as holotype. GK-4535, GK-4545 (IBH uncatalogued), SMF 96706, 96708 are males, GK- 4533, GK-4543, GK-4546–47, GK-4550 (IBH uncatalogued), SMF 96710–13 are females. 
CommentDiagnosis. A small species (our Species C of the A. quercorum complex, see above; SVL in largest male 40.0 mm, largest female 44.0 mm) of the genus Anolis (sensu Poe 2004) that differs from all Mexican and Central American anoles except A. carlliebi and A. quercorum by having a combination of (1) strongly keeled ventral scales; (2) usually a patch of three greatly enlarged supraocular scales; (3) 10–12 rows of slightly to moderately enlarged dorsal scales that are smaller than ventral scales; (4) short hind legs, longest toe of adpressed hind leg usually reaching to level of ear opening, occasionally to a point between shoulder and ear opening or to a point between ear opening and eye, ratio shank length/SVL 0.20–0.24; (5) circumnasal usually in contact with first supralabial; and (6) a large pink dewlap in males and a very small orange-red dewlap in females (Fig. 58). Anolis sacamecatensis differs from A. carlliebi and A. quercorum in the ranges and average values of several morphometric and pholidotic characters (see Table 9), most obvious in (1) number of middorsal scales in one head length; (2) ratio shank length/HL; and (3) subdigital lamellae on Phalanges II–IV of Toe IV. Also, Anolis sacamecatensis differs from A. carlliebi and A. quercorum in hemipenis morphology (hemipenis slightly bilobed in A. sacamecatensis vs. unilobed in A. carlliebi and distinctly bilobed in A. quercorum) and by substantial genetic distances. 
EtymologyThe name sacamecatensis refers to the type locality, Cerro Sacamecates, a mountain peak in the southeastern portion of the Mexican State of Oaxaca. 
References
  • KÖHLER, GUNTHER; RAÚL GÓMEZ TREJO PÉREZ, CLAUS BO P. PETERSEN & FAUSTO R. MÉNDEZ DE LA CRUZ 2014. A revision of the Mexican Anolis (Reptilia, Squamata, Dactyloidae) from the Pacific versant west of the Isthmus de Tehuantepec in the states of Oaxaca, Guerrero, and Puebla, with the description of six new species. Zootaxa 3862 (1): 001–210 - get paper here
  • KÖHLER, GUNTHER; RAÚL GÓMEZ TREJO PÉREZ, CLAUS BO P. PETERSEN & FAUSTO R. MÉNDEZ DE LA CRUZ 2015. A revision of the Mexican Anolis (Reptilia, Squamata, Dactyloidae) from the Pacific versant west of the Isthmus de Tehuantepec in the states of Oaxaca, Guerrero, and Puebla, with the description of six new species: Addendum. Zootaxa 3914 (4): 483–489 - get paper here
  • Kwet, Axel 2015. Liste der im Jahr 2014 neu beschriebenen Reptilien. Terraria-Elaphe 2015 (3): 50-64 - get paper here
  • Mata-Silva, Vicente, Jerry D. Johnson, Larry David Wilson and Elí García-Padilla. 2015. The herpetofauna of Oaxaca, Mexico: composition, physiographic distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 6–62 - get paper here
 
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