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Anolis stevepoei KÖHLER, TREJO PÉREZ, PETERSEN & MÉNDEZ DE LA CRUZ, 2014

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymAnolis stevepoei KÖHLER, TREJO PÉREZ, PETERSEN & MÉNDEZ DE LA CRUZ 2014 
DistributionMexico (Oaxaca)

Type locality: 15.8 airline km NNW San Gabriel Mixtepec on road to El Vidrio (16.2205°N, 97.14883°W), 1900 m, Estado de Oaxaca, Mexico  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype. SMF 96232, an adult male; collected 16 November 2012 by Gunther Köhler and Raúl Gómez Trejo Pérez. Field tag number GK-4130.
Paratypes. All from Estado de Oaxaca, Mexico: IBH 26523, SMF 96244–45 from Rancho El Sagrado, near San Gabriel Mixtepec (16.08914°N, 97.06263°W), 630 m; IBH 26581, 26584, SMF 96243 from near San Gabriel Mixtepec (16.08108°N, 97.08115°W), 755 m; IBH 26517, SMF 96242 from about 6.5 airline km N San Gabriel Mixtepec on road to El Vidrio (16.15547°N, 97.08112°W), 1030 m; KU 87316–24 from 12 km NNW San Gabriel Mixtepec, 1040 m; SMF 96745–46 from about 10.9 airline km NNW San Gabriel Mixtepec on road to El Vidrio (16.19286°N, 97.09767°W), 1326 m; SMF 96739–41 from about 11.1 airline km NNW San Gabriel Mixtepec on road to El Vidrio (16.19212°N, 97.10509°W), 1382 m; IBH 26511, SMF 96236, 96428 from about 11.3 airline km NNW San Gabriel Mixtepec on road to El Vidrio (16.19280°N, 97.10821°W), 1400 m; KU 137714 from 31.2 km N San Gabriel Mixtepec, 1480 m; SMF 96742–44 from about 11.6 airline km NNW San Gabriel Mixtepec on road to El Vidrio (16.19483°N, 97.11397°W), 1481 m; KU 101115, 101119, MCZ R-92965–76 from 30 km N San Gabriel Mixtepec, 1530 m; SMF 96736–38 from about 11.3 airline km NNW San Gabriel Mixtepec on road to El Vidrio (16.18964°N, 97.11994°W), 1587 m; IBH 26509, SMF 96235 from about 11.5 airline km NNW San Gabriel Mixtepec on road to El Vidrio (16.19083°N, 97.12045°W), 1600 m; KU 137715 from 34.3 km N San Gabriel Mixtepec, 1600 m; KU 101124 from 33 km N San Gabriel Mixtepec, 1675 m; KU 137716 from 35.9 km N San Gabriel Mixtepec, 1680 m; SMF 96731–33 from about 12.8 airline km NNW San Gabriel Mixtepec on road to El Vidrio (16.20120°N, 97.12538°W), 1698 m; IBH 26512, SMF 96237 from about 12.9 airline km NNW San Gabriel Mixtepec on road to El Vidrio (16.20245°N, 97.12621°W), 1700 m; IBH 26608 from about 13.9 airline km NNW San Gabriel Mixtepec on road to El Vidrio (16.20843°N, 97.13646°W), 1750 m; IBH 26518 from about 14.2 airline km NNW San Gabriel Mixtepec on road to El Vidrio (16.20946°N, 97.13947°W), 1800 m; SMF 96728–30 from about 14.3 airline km NNW San Gabriel Mixtepec on road to El Vidrio (16.21085°N, 97.13647°W), 1803 m; KU 101125 from 37 km N San Gabriel Mixtepec, 1860 m; SMF 96234 from about 14.8 airline km NNW San Gabriel Mixtepec on road to El Vidrio (16.21621°N, 97.13947°W), 1870 m; SMF 96233 from about 15.8 airline km NNW San Gabriel Mixtepec on road to El Vidrio (16.21736°N, 97.14757°W), 1920 m; SMF 96726–27, 96734–35 from about 15.9 airline km NNW San Gabriel Mixtepec on road to El Vidrio (16.21813°N, 97.14731°W), 1925 m; SMF 96231 from about 16.7 airline km NNW San Gabriel Mixtepec on road to El Vidrio (16.22822°N, 97.15132°W), 1980 m; IBH 26511, SMF 96231, 96233–35 are males, IBH 26509, 26512, 26518, 26608, SMF 96236–37 are females, IBH 26517, 26581, 26584, SMF 96242–43 are juveniles. All IBH and SMF paratypes collected by Gunther Köhler and Raúl Gómez Trejo Pérez. All MCZ paratypes collected by William E. Duellman and John D. Lynch. 
CommentDiagnosis. A small species (our Species D of the A. nebuloides complex, see above; SVL in largest male 50.0 mm, largest female 50.5 mm) of the genus Anolis (sensu Poe 2004) that differs from all Mexican and Central American anoles except A. nebuloides, A. nietoi, A. megapholidotus and a species we are describing below (our Species E of the A. nebuloides complex) by having a combination of (1) strongly keeled ventral scales; (2) usually a patch of three greatly enlarged supraocular scales; (3) 10–12 rows of greatly enlarged dorsal scales that are larger than ventral scales; (4) short hind legs, longest toe of adpressed hind leg usually reaching to posterior margin of eye, occasionally to a point between levels of ear opening and eye or to mideye (to ear opening in single female), ratio shank length/SVL 0.90–1.07; (5) circumnasal usually in contact with first supralabial; and (6) a large pink dewlap in males and a very small pink dewlap in females (Fig. 26). In external morphology, A. stevepoei is most similar to A. nebuloides, A. nietoi, A. megapholidotus and a species we are describing below (our Species E of the A. nebuloides complex). Anolis stevepoei differs from A. nebuloides, A. nietoi, and A. megapholidotus by having (1) a rather gradual transition over 3 to 4 scales between the enlarged dorsal scales and the lateral body scales (vs. a more abrupt transition over only 1 or 2 scales); (2) the edges of the field of enlarged dorsal scale rows forming an undulating line due to single enlarged scales or groups thereof outside the main field (vs. the edges of this field well defined and in a more or less straight line) (3) and by having a pink to purple male dewlap (vs. more reddish). Anolis stevepoei differs from Species E in hemipenial morphology (lobes rudimentary with a single apical field void of ornamentation, and with a flap-like structure at tip of apex in A. stevepoei vs. lobes well developed with two apical fields void of ornamentation—one on each lobe, and without a flap-like structure at tip of apex in Species E) and in the average values of several morphometric and pholidotic characters, most obvious in (1) number of midventral scales in one head length; (2) dorsal scales between levels of axilla and groin; and (3) subdigital lamellae on Phalanges II–IV of Toe IV (see Table 8 in Köhler et al. 2014). 
EtymologyThe name stevepoei is a patronym honoring Steven Poe who has contributed substantially to our knowledge of the phylogeny and taxonomy of anoles. 
References
  • KÖHLER, GUNTHER; RAÚL GÓMEZ TREJO PÉREZ, CLAUS BO P. PETERSEN & FAUSTO R. MÉNDEZ DE LA CRUZ 2014. A revision of the Mexican Anolis (Reptilia, Squamata, Dactyloidae) from the Pacific versant west of the Isthmus de Tehuantepec in the states of Oaxaca, Guerrero, and Puebla, with the description of six new species. Zootaxa 3862 (1): 001–210 - get paper here
  • KÖHLER, GUNTHER; RAÚL GÓMEZ TREJO PÉREZ, CLAUS BO P. PETERSEN & FAUSTO R. MÉNDEZ DE LA CRUZ 2015. A revision of the Mexican Anolis (Reptilia, Squamata, Dactyloidae) from the Pacific versant west of the Isthmus de Tehuantepec in the states of Oaxaca, Guerrero, and Puebla, with the description of six new species: Addendum. Zootaxa 3914 (4): 483–489 - get paper here
  • Kwet, Axel 2015. Liste der im Jahr 2014 neu beschriebenen Reptilien. Terraria-Elaphe 2015 (3): 50-64 - get paper here
  • Mata-Silva, Vicente, Jerry D. Johnson, Larry David Wilson and Elí García-Padilla. 2015. The herpetofauna of Oaxaca, Mexico: composition, physiographic distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 6–62 - get paper here
 
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