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Anolis sulcifrons COPE, 1899

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesGrooved Anole 
SynonymAnolis sulcifrons COPE 1899: 6
Anolis pentaprion pentaprion — PETER et al. 1970: 62
Norops sulcifrons - VILLA et al. 1988
Norops sulcifrons — NICHOLSON 2002
Norops sulcifrons — NICHOLSON et al. 2012 
DistributionColombia (east base of Cordillera de Bogota and edge of llanos east of Bogota)

Type locality: uncertain, “perhaps from Bogotá, Colombia” fide PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970; restricted to Barranquilla, Colombia, by SMITH & TAYLOR 1950. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: AMNH 38750 
CommentBelongs to the pentaprion group which includes seven species: fungosus, ibague, ortonii, pentaprion, sulcifrons, utilensis, and vociferans.

Synonymy: Has been synonymized with Anolis pentaprion by SMITH & TAYLOR 1950. Revalidated by MYERS (1971: 36).

DUNN & STUART (1951) rejected the restriction of the type locality. Not listed by KÖHLER 2000.

DIAGNOSIS: Similar to Anolis pentaprion in squamation, color pattern, and habitus (including a low caudal crest), but differing in having an unpigmented throat lining (black in pentaprion), more loreal rows (sulcifrons, 5-6; pentaprion, 3-4, rarely 5), fewer supralabials to center of eye (sulcifrons, 6-7; pentaprion, 7-10, usually 9), and by the presence of small black spots on the red(?) dewlap (spots absent in pentaprion). Only two of 53 specimens of A. pentaprion had as few as seven supralabials, and then only on one side of the head (8/7 and 7/9), and only five individuals had as many as five rows of loreals (4/5 in three, 5/5 in two specimens) [from MYERS 1971]. NICHOLSON & KÖHLER 2014 provide a redescription of the type of A. sulcifrons.

Species group: Norops auratus Species Group (fide Nicholson et al. 2012) 
References
  • Cope, E.D. 1899. Contributions to the herpetology of New Granada and Argentina, with descriptions of new forms. Philadelphia Mus. Sci. Bull. (1): 1-19
  • Köhler G. 1996. A new species of anole of the Norops pentaprion group from Isla de Utila, Honduras. (Reptilia: Sauria: Iguanidae) [Norops utilensis]. Senckenbergiana biologica 75 (1/2): 23-31.
  • Myers, C. W. 1971. Central American lizards related to Anolis pentaprion: two new species from the Cordillera de Talamanca. American Museum Novitates (2471): 1-40 [13] - get paper here
  • Nicholson, K.E. 2002. Phylogenetic analysis and a test of the current infrageneric classification of Norops (beta Anolis). Herpetological Monographs 16: 93-120 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E. & GUNTHER KÖHLER 2014. A new species of the genus Norops from Darién, Panama, with comments on N. sulcifrons (Cope 1899) (Reptilia, Squamata, Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3895 (2): 225–237 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M. & Taylor, Edward H. 1950. Type localities of Mexican reptiles and amphibians. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 33 (8): 313-380 - get paper here
 
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