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Anolis tropidogaster HALLOWELL, 1856

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesTropical Anole 
SynonymAnolis (Draconura) tropidogaster HALLOWELL 1856: 224
Anolis (Gastrotropis) radulinus COPE 1862: 180
Anolis stigmosus BOCOURT 1869
Anolis radulinus - BOULENGER 1885: 86
Anolis stigmosus — BOULENGER 1885: 87
Anolis stigmosus — BARBOUR 1923
Anolis stigmosus — COCHRAN 1931
Anolis albi BARBOUR 1932
Anolis radulinus — PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970: 64
Anolis tropidogaster — PETERS et al. 1970: 68
Norops tropidogaster - VILLA et al. 1988
Anolis incompertus nicefori BARBOUR 1932 (fide WILLIAMS 1970)
Anolis tropidogaster — WILLIAMS et al. 1995
Norops tropidogaster — KÖHLER 2000: 63
Norops tropidogaster — NICHOLSON 2002
Norops tropidogaster — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Anolis radulinus — NICHOLSON et al. 2012 (nomen dubium)
Norops radulinus — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Anolis radulinus — POE et al. 2017 (nomen dubium) 
DistributionPanama
Colombia, W Venezuela (Zulia)

Type locality: “New Grenada”

radulinus: Colombia; Type locality: “Truando region, New Grenada” (= Colombia) Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: ANSP 7618
Syntypes: ANSP, USNM 4327, 4328 [radulinus] 
CommentSynonymy partly after Peters et al. 1970 and Donoso-Barros 1968. Norops albi is listed as valid species by NICHOLSON 2002. BOULENGER (1885) considered A. tropidogaster as doubtful. A. radulinus is a synonym of A. tropidogaster, fide F. Castro (pers. comm., 24 July 2017). Several recent authors consider radulinus as a nomen dubium, hence we treat it as a synonym for the time being.

Distribution: Not listed for Ecuador by TORRES-CARVAJAL 2001. The original type locality, New Grenada, used to be part of a republic that contained the territory of today’s Colombia and Panama as well as small portions of what is today Ecuador and Venezuela (Aguilera Peña 2002). The Truando region may correspond to a place in Darien, Panama (fide GÜNTHER 1885: 52)

Species group: Norops auratus Species Group (fide Nicholson et al. 2012) 
References
  • Barbour, Thomas 1932. New Anoles. Proc. New England Zool. Club 12: 97-102
  • Barbour, Thomas & Loveridge, Arthur 1946. First supplement to typical reptiles and amphibians. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 96 (2): 59-214. - get paper here
  • Bernal Carlo A. & Roze J A. 2005. Lizards of the genus Anolis (Reptilia: Polychrotidae) from Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Colombia, with description of two new species. Novedades Colombianas Nueva Epoca 8(1): 9-26 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1863. Contributions to Neotropical saurology. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 14 [1862]: 176-188. - get paper here
  • Donoso-Barros, R. 1968. The lizards of Venezuela (checklist and key). Carib. J. Sci. 8 (3-4): 105-122
  • Günther, A. C. L. G. 1885. Reptilia and Batrachia. Biologia Centrali-Américana. Taylor, & Francis, London, 326 pp. [published in parts from 1885-1902; reprint by the SSAR 1987] - get paper here
  • Hallowell, E. 1856. Notes on reptiles in the collection of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 8: 221-238 - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2000. Reptilien und Amphibien Mittelamerikas, Bd 1: Krokodile, Schildkröten, Echsen. Herpeton Verlag, Offenbach, 158 pp.
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • KÖHLER, GUNTHER; ABEL BATISTA, MILAN VESELY, MARCOS PONCE, ARCADIO CARRIZO & SEBASTIAN LOTZKAT 2012. Evidence for the recognition of two species of Anolis formerly referred to as A. tropidogaster (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3348: 1–23 - get paper here
  • Medina-Rangel, Guido Fabián 2013. CAMBIO EstACIOnAl En El UsO DE lOs RECURsOs DE lA COMUnIDAD DE REptIlEs En El COMplEJO CEnAgOsO DE ZApAtOsA, DEpARtAMEntO DEl CEsAR (Colombia). Caldasia 35 (1):103-122
  • Nicholson, K.E. 2002. Phylogenetic analysis and a test of the current infrageneric classification of Norops (beta Anolis). Herpetological Monographs 16: 93-120 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108
  • Peters, James A. & Donoso-Barros, Roberto 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part II. Lizards and Amphisbaenians. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 293 pp. - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Poe, Steven; Adrián Nieto-montes de Oca, Omar Torres-carvajal, Kevin De Queiroz, Julián A. Velasco, Brad Truett, Levi N. Gray, Mason J. Ryan, Gunther Köhler, Fernando Ayala-varela, Ian Latella 2017. A Phylogenetic, Biogeographic, and Taxonomic study of all Extant Species of Anolis (Squamata; Iguanidae). Syst Biol 2017: syx029 - get paper here
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & PHILIPPE J. R. KOK 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
  • Rojas-Runjaic, Fernando J.M.; Rivero, Edwin E. Infante; Barrio-Amorós, César L.; Blanco, Tito R. Barros. 2007. New distributional records of amphibians and reptiles from Estado Zulia in the Maracaibo Basin, Venezuela. Herpetological Review 38 (2): 235-237 - get paper here
  • Ruthven, Alexander G. 1916. Three new species of Anolis from the Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (32): 1-8 - get paper here
  • Stuart,L.C. 1955. A brief review of the Guatemalan lizards of the genus Anolis. Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool., Univ. Michigan No. 91: 1-31 - get paper here
  • Williams E E 1970. South American Anoles: Anolis apollinaris Boulenger, 1919, a relative of A. biporcatus Wiegmann (Sauria: Iguanidae). Breviora (358): 1-11 - get paper here
  • Williams, E.E.; Rand, H.; Rand, A.S. & O’Hara, R.J. 1995. A computer approach to the comparison and identification of species in difficult taxonomic groups. Breviora (502): 1-47 - get paper here
 
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