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Anolis uniformis COPE, 1885

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Lesser Scaly Anole
S: Abaniquillo Pequeño de Selva 
SynonymAnolis uniformis COPE 1885: 392
Anolis uniformis — BOULENGER 1885: 84
Anolis ruthveni STUART 1935 (fide SMITH & TAYLOR 1950)
Anolis humilis uniformis — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 60
Anolis humilis uniformis — NEILL & ALLEN 1959
Anolis humilis uniformis - PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970
Norops uniformis — MEYER & WILSON 1972 (1971)
Norops uniformis - VILLA et al. 1988
Norops uniformis — LINER 1994
Norops uniformis — KÖHLER 2000: 64
Norops uniformis — NICHOLSON 2002
Anolis uniformis — LINER 2007
Norops uniformis — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Norops uniformis — MCCRANIE & KÖHLER 2015: 185 
DistributionSE Mexico (Chiapas, Tabasco, Veracruz), Belize, Guatemala, Honduras (elevation 30-1370 m)

ruthveni: Type locality: about 2 miles north of Santa Teresa, El Peten, Guatemala.

Type locality: Yucatán and Guatemala. Restricted to 2 miles north of Santa Teresa, Guatemala. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesSyntypes: USNM 6774, 24734-48, 24750, 24859
Holotype: UMMZ [ruthveni] 
CommentElevated to species status by MEYER & WILSON 1971

Distribution: not in Yucatan state (Mexico) according to GONZÁLEZ-SÁNCHEZ et al. 2017.

Original description from COPE (1885): This species is very near to the Anolis tropidonotus of Peters, and I should hesitate to separate it had I not a considerable number of specimens of both. The differences are three. First, the equality in size be. tween all the scales of the frontal region, so that the supraorbitals cannot be distinguished by size ; second, the smaller number of rows of larger dorsal scales, and third, the uniformily smaller size. The color also differs in all the specimens.
The dorsal scales are in 10-12 rows, while in the A tropidonotus they are in 1616 rows ;in both the scales are imbricate and not truncate. There are three rows of supraoculars which are in contact with the supraorbitals as far as they go, the middle two only being larger than the rest. There are five rows between the anterior prolongation of the supraorbitals on the muzzle. All the scales have one strong keel ; those round the small occipital consisting of little more than a longitudinal keel. Facial rugae obsolete; cavity slight. Auricular meatus much larger than occipital plate. The extended hind leg does not quite attain the nostril; tibia a little shorter than the short head. Seven rows of loreal scales; and two of suborbitals. Infralabials small, keeled.
The color is reddish brown above and greenish below, limbs and head above brown.

Measurements (M.)
Length to vent: .0365
Length to auricular meatus: .0120
Length of fore leg: .0180
Width of head behind orbits: .0880

Species group: Norops auratus Species Group (fide Nicholson et al. 2012) 
References
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Cabrera-Guzmán, Elisa and Lorena Garrido-Olvera 2014. Helminth Parasites of the Lesser Scaly Anole, Anolis uniformis (Squamata: Dactyloidae), from Los Tuxtlas, Southern Mexico: Evidence of Diet and Habitat Use. South American J. Herp. Dec 2014, Vol. 9, No. 3: 183-189
  • Campbell, J.A. 1998. Amphibians and reptiles of northern Guatemala, the Yucatán, and Belize. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, xiii + 380 pp. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1885. A contribution to the herpetology of Mexico. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 22: 379-404 - get paper here
  • Duellman, W. E. 1963. Amphibians and reptiles of the rainforest of Southern El Peten, Guatemala. Univ. Kansas Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. 15: 205-49. - get paper here
  • Echelle et al. 1978. Herpetologica 34: 205-207 - get paper here
  • Johnson, Jerry D.; Vicente Mata-Silva, Elí García Padilla, and Larry David Wilson 2015. The Herpetofauna of Chiapas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (3): 272–329. - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2000. Reptilien und Amphibien Mittelamerikas, Bd 1: Krokodile, Schildkröten, Echsen. Herpeton Verlag, Offenbach, 158 pp.
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • Köhler, G.; Alt, S.; Grünfelder, C.; Dehling, M. & Sunyer, J. 2006. Morphological variation in Central American leaf-litter anoles: Norops humilis, N. quaggulus, and N. uniformis. Salamandra 42 (4): 239-254 - get paper here
  • KÖHLER, GUNTHER 2014. Characters of external morphology used in Anolis taxonomy—Definition of terms, advice on usage, and illustrated examples. Zootaxa 3774 (2): 201–257 - get paper here
  • Lara-Resendiz, Rafael A., Aníbal H. Díaz de la Vega-Pérez and Pierre Charruau. 2013. Anolis uniformis (lesser scaly anole) selected body temperature. Herpetological Review 44 (4): 662
  • Lee, J. C. 2000. A field guide to the amphibians and reptiles of the Maya world. Cornell University Press, Ithaca,
  • Lee, J.C. 1996. The amphibians and reptiles of the Yucatán Peninsula. Comstock, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, 500 pp.
  • McCranie, James R. 2015. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with additions, comments on taxonomy, some recent taxonomic decisions, and areas of further studies needed. Zootaxa 3931 (3): 352–386 - get paper here
  • McCranie, James R. and Gunther Köhler 2015. The Anoles (Reptilia: Squamata: Dactyloidae: Anolis: Norops) of Honduras. Systematics, Distribution, and Conservation. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard (Special Publication Series, No. 1): 1-280 [review in Q. J. Biol. 91: 227] - get paper here
  • Meyer, J. R., & WILSON, L. D. 1971. Taxonomic studies and notes on some Honduran amphibians and reptiles. Bull. So. Calif. Acad. Sci., 70: 106-114. - get paper here
  • Neill, Wilfred T. and E. Ross Allen. 1959. Studies on the amphibians and reptiles of British Honduras. Publications of the Research Division Ross Allen's Reptiles Institute. 2 (1): 1-76
  • Nicholson, K.E. 2002. Phylogenetic analysis and a test of the current infrageneric classification of Norops (beta Anolis). Herpetological Monographs 16: 93-120 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Solís, J. M., L. D. Wilson, and J. H. Townsend. 2014. An updated list of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with comments on their nomenclature. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1: 123–144 - get paper here
  • Stuart, L. C. 1935. A new Anolis from northern Central America. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (310): 1-4
  • Stuart, L. C. 1935. A contribution to a knowledge of the herpetology of a portion of the savanna region of Central Peten, Guatemala. University of Michigan Museum of Zoology Miscellaneous Publications 29: 1-56 - get paper here
  • Stuart, L. C. 1937. Some further notes on the amphibians and reptiles of the Peten Forest of Northern Guatemala. Copeia 1937 (1): 67-70 - get paper here
  • Stuart, L. C. 1948. The amphibians and reptiles of Alta Verapaz Guatamala. Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan 69: 1-109 - get paper here
  • Stuart,L.C. 1955. A brief review of the Guatemalan lizards of the genus Anolis. Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool., Univ. Michigan No. 91: 1-31 - get paper here
  • Urbina-Cardona, J. Nicolás; Mario Olivares-Pérez, Víctor Hugo Reynoso 2006. Herpetofauna diversity and microenvironment correlates across a pasture–edge–interior ecotone in tropical rainforest fragments in the Los Tuxtlas Biosphere Reserve of Veracruz, Mexico. Biological Conservation 132: 61–75
  • Wilson, L.D. & McCranie,J.R. 1994. Comments on the occurrence of a salamander and three lizard species in Honduras. Amphibia-Reptilia 15: 416-421 - get paper here
 
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