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Anolis viridius KÖHLER & HEDGES, 2016

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymAnolis viridius KÖHLER & HEDGES 2016
Anolis coelestinus — WILLIAMS 1965 (in part.)
Anolis coelestinus — SCHWARTZ & THOMAS 1975 (in part.)
Anolis coelestinus — SCHWARTZ 1980 (in part.)
Anolis coelestinus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988 (in part.)
Anolis coelestinus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991 (in part.)
Anolis coelestinus — GARCÍA et al. 1994 (in part.)
Anolis coelestinus — POWELL et al. 1996 (in part.)
Anolis coelestinus — RAMOS & POWELL 2001b (in part.)
Anolis coelestinus — HENDERSON & POWELL 2009 (in part.) 
DistributionDominican Republic (E Sierra de Bahoruco), elevation 0-1340 m.

Type locality: Monteada Nueva (18.12108, -71.25484), 1210 m, Province Barahona, Dominican Republic.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype. SMF 98011, an adult male; collected 2 November 2013 by Gunther Köhler and Marcos Rodríguez. Field tag number GK-4864.
Paratypes. All from Province Barahona, Dominican Republic: SMF 98000–04, Los Lirios (18.10834, -71.265050), 1030 m, collected 29 October 2013 by Gunther Köhler and Marcos Rodríguez. SMF 98005, entrance of road to Cortíco (18.13273, -71.26696), 1060 m, collected 31 October 2013 by Gunther Köhler and Marcos Rodríguez. SMF 98006–07, near Polo (18.11350, -71.26964), 855 m, collected 31 October 2013 by Gunther Köhler and Marcos Rodríguez. GK-4845, SMF 98008–10, near Cortíco, Laguna (18.11163, -71.22293), 1340 m, collected 31 October 2013 by Gunther Köhler and Marcos Rodríguez. AMNH 41321, Barahona, collected 15 October 1922 by Gladwyn K. Noble. KU 253038–39, Barahona, collected 24 July 1963 by local collectors. USNM 329049 (KJ566808, EF531472), USNM 329050 (KJ566809), Oviedo Polo (17.78833, -71.39694), collected 21 August 1984 by local collectors. SMF 98189 (KJ566834), USNM 558739, 5 km SW Los Tres Charcos, ca. 0.5 km NW Fondo de Paradise Polo (17.79667, -71.46667), 85 m, collected 1 January 1998 by S. Blair Hedges, Michael Tracy, Renee Sharp, Jenny Cutraro, and Richard Thomas. KU 316261–62, Monteada Nueva, 1210 m, collected 5 March 1990 by Avila Field Biology. MCZ R-143377, Polo, 690 m, collected 11 July 1974 by Paul E. Hertz and Raymond B. Huey. 
CommentSimilar species: Anolis coelestinus, A. chlorodius.

Distribution: see map in KÖHLER & HEDGES 2016: 22 (Fig. 10).

Conservation. Given its usual abundance wherever this species occurs along with its relatively large geographical range, we consider the conservation status of Anolis viridius to be Least Concern based on the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria (IUCN, 2012). 
EtymologyThe name viridius is a noun in apposition derived from viridis (Latin for “green”).
 
References
  • Garcia R. Queral A. Powell R. Parmerlee J S Jr. Smith D D. Lathrop A. 1994. Evidence of hybridization among green anoles (Lacertilia: Polychrotidae) from Hispaniola. Carib. J. Sci. 30 (3-4): 279- 281.
  • Köhler, Gunther and S. Blair Hedges 2016. A revision of the green anoles of Hispaniola with description of eight new species (Reptilia, Squamata, Dactyloidae) NOVITATES CARIBAEA 9: 1-135 - get paper here
  • Kwet, Axel 2017. Neue Arten: Liste der im Jahr 2016 neu beschriebenen Reptilien Terraria-Elaphe 2017 (3): 54-70 - get paper here
  • Kwet, Axel 2017. Neue Arten. Neue Saumfinger von Hispaniola: grüne und flechtenfarbige Anolis Terraria-Elaphe 2017 (1): 52-53 - get paper here
  • Powell, R., R. W. Henderson, K. Adler, And H. A. Dundee. 1996. An annotated checklist of West Indian amphibians and reptiles. In R. Powell and R. W. Henderson (eds.), Contributions to West Indian Herpetology: A Tribute to Albert Schwartz, p.51-93. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Ithaca (New York). Contributions to Herpetology, volume 12.
  • Ramos, Yanerys M. and Robert Powell 2001. Anolis coelestinus Cope. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (729): 1-5 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. 1980. The herpetogeography of Hispaniola, West Indies. Stud. on the Fauna of Curacao and other Caribbean Islands 61: 86-127. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1988. West Indian Amphibian and Reptiles: A Checklist. Milwaukee Publ. Mus. Contr. Biol. Geol. No. 74: 264 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. and R. Thomas. 1975. A checklist of West Indian amphibians and reptiles. Carnegie Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ. 1:1-216.
  • Williams, E. E. 1965. The species of Hispaniolan green anoles (Sauria, Iguanidae). Breviora (227): 1-16. - get paper here
 
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