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Anotosaura vanzolinia DIXON, 1974

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Higher TaxaGymnophthalmidae (Cercosaurinae s.l., Ecpleopodinae), Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesVanzolini’s Anotosaura 
SynonymAnotosaura collaris vanzolinia DIXON 1974: 16
Anotosaura vanzolinia — VANZOLINI 1976
Anotosaura collaris vanzolinia — VANZOLINI & RAMOS 1977
Anotosaura vanzolinia — CASTOE et al. 2004
Anotosaura vanzolinia — RODRIGUES et al. 2007
Anotosaura vanzolinia — SOARES-OLIVEIRA et al. 2018 
DistributionBrazil (Pernambuco, Agrestina, Bahia, Paraíba)

Type locality: Argestina, Estade de Pernambuco, Brasil  
Reproductionoviparous. Reproducton occurrs during the wet season, from March to August, with reproductve actvity declining in September and October (Fig. 3 in Soares-Oliveira et al. 2018) and hatchlings emerging mainly in April and August (Fig. 4). Females had the highest volume of vitellogenic follicles in March and April (Fig. 5), and egg presence from March to August. Gravid females have a fxed clutch size of two eggs. The incubaton period is 43 to 49 days. The mean size of hatchlings is 18.85±0.91 mm (Soares-Oliveira et al. 2018). 
TypesHolotype: DZSJRP 21813, adult female (Museu de Zoologia, Universidade de Sao Paulo) 
Diagnosis 
Comment 
EtymologyThe specific name is a homage to Dr. Paulo Emílio Vanzolini (1924-2013), one of the most distinguished Brazilian zoologists. About Vanzolini see Heyer (2004), Bastos & Sa 2011, and Dirksen 2013. 
References
  • Amaral, A. do 1933. Estudos sobre Lacertilios neotropicos. I. novos generos e especies de largartos do Brasil. Mem. Inst. Butantan 7 [1932]: 51-75 - get paper here
  • Castoe, T.A.; Doan, T.M. & Parkinson, C.L. 2004. Data partitions and complex models in Bayesian analysis: the phylogeny of Gymnophthalmid lizards. Systematic Biology 53 (3): 448-469 - get paper here
  • Dirksen, Lutz 2013. Paulo Emilio Vanzolini. Ein Herpetologe aus Leidenschaft. Terraria-Elaphe 2013 (5): 52-54 - get paper here
  • Dixon,J.R. 1974. Systematic review of the lizard genus Anotosaura (Teiidae). Herpetologica 30: 13-18 - get paper here
  • Garda, A.A.; T.B. Costa; C.R. Santos-Silva; D.O. Mesquita; R.G. Faria; B.M. Conceição; I.R.S. Silva; A.S. Ferreira; S.M. Rocha; C.N.S. Palmeira; R. Rodrigues; S.F. Ferrari; S. Torquato. 2013. Herpetofauna of protected areas in the Caatinga I: Raso da Catarina Ecological Station (Bahia, Brazil). Check List 9 (2):405-414 - get paper here
  • Peters, James A. & Donoso-Barros, Roberto 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part II. Lizards and Amphisbaenians. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 293 pp. - get paper here
  • Rodrigues, M.T. 2003. Herpetofauna da Caatinga. In: I.R. Leal, M. Tabarelli & J.M.C. Silva (eds.). Ecologia e conservação da Caatinga, pp. 181-236. Editora Universitária, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brasil.
  • Rodrigues, Miguel Trefaut; Katia Cristina Machado Pellegrino, Marianna Dixo, Vanessa Kruth Verdade, Dante Pavan, Antônio Jorge Suzart Argolo, and Jack W. Sites Jr. 2007. A new genus of microteiid lizard from the Atlantic forests of State of Bahia, Brazil, with a new generic name for Colobosaura mentalis, and a discussion of relationships among the Heterodactylini (Squamata, Gymnophthalmidae). American Museum novitates (3565): 1-27 - get paper here
  • Soares-Oliveira, Bruno Halluan; Romilda Narciza Mendonça de Queiroz, Lucas Barbosa de Queiroga Cavalcanti & Daniel Oliveira Mesquita 2018. Autecology of neotropical lizard species Anotosaura vanzolinia (Squamata, Gymnophthalmidae) in a Caatinga region, north-eastern Brazil. The Herpetological Journal 28 (1): 19-26 - get paper here
  • Vanzolini, P. E. 1976. Two notes on Anotosaura (Sauria, Teiidae). Pap. Avulsos Zool. 30 (8): 119-122
  • Vanzolini,P.E. & Ramos, A.M.M. 1977. A new species of Colobodactylus, with notes on the distribution of a group of stranded microteiid lizards (Sauria, Teiidae). Pap. Avulsos Zool. 31 (3): 19-47
 
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