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Antillotyphlops monastus (THOMAS, 1966)

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Typhlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Montserrat Blindsnake, Montiserrat Worm Snake 
SynonymTyphlops monastus THOMAS 1966: 257
Typhlops monastus monastus THOMAS 1966
Typhlops monastus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 652
Typhlops monastus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 111
Typhlops monastus — KORNILIOS et al. 2013
Antillotyphlops monastus — HEDGES et al. 2014
Typhlops monastus — PYRON & WALLACH 2014
Antillotyphlops monastus — NAGY et al. 2015
Typhlops monastus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 767 

Type locality: Between Lawyer's River and Cassava Ghaut, St. Peter's Parish, Montserrat.  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 81112, adult male 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Maximum TL 258 mm; TL/taillength 29-44; TL/midbody diameter 37-46; middorsal scales 329-394; scale rows 22-20 or 22-22 (2 of 65 Montserrat specimens); head shape rounded; rostral moderate to broad in dorsal aspect, oval, not flared on apex; postoculars 2. Coloration bicolor medium brown, dorsal pigmentation fading laterally, or abruptly dropping out along midlateral zone; darker centers of scales often produce lineate effect (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 652). 
CommentFor illustrations see Thomas, 1966; Thomas, 1976.

Subspecies: Typhlops monastus geotomus THOMAS 1966 is now treated as a full species. 
EtymologyNamed after the Greek word for monastery. 
  • Daltry, Jennifer C. 2007. An introduction to the herpetofauna of Antigua, Barbuda and Redonda, with some conservation recommendations. Applied Herpetology 4 (2): 97-130. - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • Kornilios, P.; S. Giokas, P. Lymberakis, R. Sindaco 2013. Phylogenetic position, origin and biogeography of Palearctic and Socotran blind-snakes (Serpentes: Typhlopidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68 (1): 35–41 - get paper here
  • Malhotra, A. & Thorpe, R.S. 1999. Reptiles & Amphibians of the Eastern Caribbean. MacMillan, London & Oxford
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • NAGY, ZOLTÁN T.; ANGELA B. MARION, FRANK GLAW, AURÉLIEN MIRALLES,<br />JOACHIM NOPPER, MIGUEL VENCES & S. BLAIR HEDGES 2015. Molecular systematics and undescribed diversity of Madagascan scolecophidian snakes (Squamata: Serpentes). Zootaxa 4040 (1): 031–047 - get paper here
  • Pyron, R.A. & Wallach, V. 2014. Systematics of the blindsnakes (Serpentes: Scolecophidia: Typhlopoidea) based on molecular and morphological evidence. Zootaxa 3829 (1): 001–081 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Thomas, R. 1966. Leeward Islands Typhlops (Reptilia, Serpentes). Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 79: 255-265. - get paper here
  • Thomas, R. 1976. Systematics of Antillean blind snakes of the genus Typhlops (Serpentes: Typhlopidae). Ph.D. Thesis, Louisiana State Univ.: xvi + 288pp.
  • Vidal, Nicolas; Julie Marin, Marina Morini, Steve Donnellan, William R. Branch, Richard Thomas, Miguel Vences, Addison Wynn, Corinne Cruaud and S. Blair Hedges 2010. Blindsnake evolutionary tree reveals long history on Gondwana. Biology Letters 6: 558–561 - get paper here
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