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Aparallactus jacksonii (GÜNTHER, 1888)

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Higher TaxaLamprophiidae, Aparallactinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesJackson’s centipede-eater 
SynonymUriechis jacksonii GÜNTHER 1888: 325
Aparallactus jacksonii — BOULENGER 1895: 172
Aparallactus jacksonii — DE WITTE & LAURENT 1947: 118
Aparallactus jacksonii oweni LOVERIDGE 1955: 51
Aparallactus jacksonii oweni — PITMAN 1974
Aparallactus jacksonii — WELCH 1994: 17
Aparallactus jacksonii jacksonii — BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 28
Aparallactus jacksonii — LARGEN & SPAWLS 2010: 582
Aparallactus jacksonii — WALLACH et al. 2014: 47 
DistributionEthiopia, N Tanzania, S Sudan, Kenya, Somalia, Uganda

Type locality: Foot of Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania.

oweni: S Sudan, probably N uganda; Type locality: “Torit, Equatoria Province, Anglo-Egyptian Sudan” Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
ReproductionViviparous. 
TypesType: BMNH 1946.1.6.80 (and possibly additional specimens).
Holotype: MCZ 3490, adult female; paratypes: MCZ (2 males, 5 females) [oweni] 
CommentVenomous!

Subspecies: Lanza 1988, 1990 suggested that Aparallactus jacksonii oweni is a valid species. It differs from jacksonii by its higher number of ventrals and subcaudals (jacksoni: 138-143 in males, 142-157 in females; oweni: 151-154 in males, 161-166 in females, fide LOVERIDGE 1955: 51). 
References
  • Boulenger,G.A. 1895. Descriptions of two new snakes from Usambara, German East Africa. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 16: 171-173 - get paper here
  • Broadley, D. G. & HOWELL, K. M. 1991. A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys. Syntarsus 1: 1—70
  • Günther,A. 1888. Contribution to the knowledge of snakes of tropical Africa. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 1: 322-335 - get paper here
  • Lanza, B. 1990. Amphibians and reptiles of the Somali Democratic Republic: check list and biogeography. Biogeographia, 14: 407-465 [1988]
  • Lanza,B. 1983. A list of the Somali amphibians and reptiles. MONITORE ZOOLOGICO ITALIANO, new Ser., SUPPL. 18 (8): 193-247
  • Largen, M.J.; Spawls, S. 2010. Amphibians and Reptiles of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 694 pp.
  • Largen,M.J. & Rasmussen,J.B. 1993. Catalogue of the snakes of Ethiopia (Reptilia Serpentes), including identification keys. Tropical Zoology 6: 313-434 - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1956. On snakes collected in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan by J.S. Owen, Esq. Sudan Notes Rec. 36: 37-56 [1955]
  • Loveridge, Arthur 1929. East African reptiles and amphibians in the United States National Museum. Bull. US Natl. Mus. (151): 1-135 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1938. Über eine herpetologische Sammlung aus dem Gebiete des Njarasa-Grabens Ost-Afrikas. Veröffentlichungen aus dem Deutschen Kolonial- und Übersee-Museum in Bremen 2 (1): 1-9 [no page numbers]
  • Pitman,C.R.S. 1974. A guide to the snakes of Uganda. Codicote, Wheldon & Wesley, L., 290 pp.
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Witte, G. F. de & LAURENT,R.F. 1947. Revision d'un groupe de Colubridae africains: genres Calamelaps, Miodon, Aparallactus, et formes affines. Mém. Mus. Roy. Hist. Nat. Belgique (sér. 2) 29: 1-134
 
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