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Apostolepis ammodites FERRAREZZI, ERRITTO BARBO & ESPAÑA ALBUQUERQUE, 2005

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymApostolepis ammodites FERRAREZZI, ERRITTO BARBO & ESPAÑA ALBUQUERQUE 2005
Apostolepis ammodites — WALLACH et al. 2014: 50 
DistributionBrazil (Central Cerrado: Bahia, Distrito Federal, Goias, Minas Gerais)

Type locality: Brazil, Tocantins, Palmas, (10°02’ S, 47°20’ W, 230 m elevation).  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: IB (= IBSP) 65267 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Rostral nearly roundish but somewhat prominent, its portion visible from above about 1/3 to 1/2 of the interprefrontal suture length; ventrals 221-235 in males to 234-252 in females; subcaudals 32-36 in males and 26-31 in females; light snout blotch reddish in life (fading to yellowish in preservative) and a small to indistinct light supralabial spot; white nuchal collars about 3-6 scales long, black cervical collar 4-7 scales long, followed by an additional postcervical white collar 1-3 scales long; dorsum uniformly red (without stripes); ventral surface uniformly light (unpigmented), except under the head and neck; premaxillae bounded to maxillae; dorsal laminae of nasal contacting frontal and prefrontal; maxillary teeth 4+2, dentary teeth 9-10; pterygoid teeth 3-4. 
CommentBelongs to the assimilis species group of Apostololepis.

Although superficially resembling A. assimilis, parsimony analysis based on morphological data indicates its phylogenetic relationships closest to A. cearensis. 
EtymologyNamed after the Greek word for sand (“ammos”). 
References
  • Azevedo, Weverton dos Santos; Arthur Diesel Abegg, Daniella Pereira Fagundes de França 2018. Predator-prey interaction between the snakes Apostolepis ammodites and Psomophis joberti (Snakes: Dipsadidae) Herpetology Notes 11: 263-265 - get paper here
  • FERRAREZZI, HEBERT; FAUSTO ERRITTO BARBO & CRISTINA ESPAÑA ALBUQUERQUE 2005. PHYLOGENETIC RELATIONSHIPS OF A NEW SPECIES OF APOSTOLEPIS FROM BRAZILIAN CERRADO WITH NOTES ON THE ASSIMILIS GROUP (SERPENTES: COLUBRIDAE: XENODONTINAE: ELAPOMORPHINI). Papeis Avulsos de Zoologia 45(16): 215-229 - get paper here
  • Franca, F.G.R.; Daniel O. Mesquita, Cristiano C. Nogueira, and Alexandre F. B. Araújo 2008. Phylogeny and Ecology Determine Morphological Structure in a Snake Assemblage in the Central Brazilian Cerrado. Copeia 2008 (1): 23-38 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de; Guarino R. Colli, Omar Machado Entiauspe-Neto, Luiz Trinchão, Daniel Araújo, Tiago de Oliveira Lima, Daniella Pereira Fagundes de França, Renato Gaiga, Pedro Dias 2016. Snakes of Cerrado localities in western Bahia, Brazil. Check List 12 (3): 1896 - get paper here
  • Hamdan, B. & R. M. Lira-da-Silva 2012. The snakes of Bahia State, northeastern Brazil: species richness, composition and biogeographical notes. Salamandra 48 (1): 31-50 - get paper here
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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