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Apostolepis borellii PERACCA, 1904

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymApostolepis borellii PERACCA 1904: 9
Apostolepis borelli — AMARAL 30: 48
Apostolepis borelli — DE LEMA & RENNER 2006
Apostolepis borelli — WALLACH et al. 2014: 50
Apostolepis borelli — MARTINS & DE LEMA 2015 
DistributionC Bolivia (Santa Cruz), SW Brazil (W Mato Grosso do Sul) 200–725 m elevaton

Type locality: “Urucum, Matto Grosso brasiliano” [= Maciço do Urucum, W Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil, 19°12’S, 57°36’W, elevation 725 m]  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: MSNTO R962 (= MZUT) 
CommentSynonymy: previously synonymized with Apostolepis nigroterminata by Harvey 1999, which resulted in the inclusion of A. nigroterminata in a former Brazilian list of reptiles (see Costa and Bérnils 2015).

However, Harvey’s (1999) analyzed the holotype of A. borellii (from Urucum massif, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil), one specimen collected at the confluence of Rio Araguaia and Tapirapé, Tapirapé Village, Mato Grosso do Sul (AMNH 87942) – that was subsequently re-identified as A. phillipsi by Martins and Lema (2015) – and several other specimens from Bolivia and Peru. Recently, Lema and Renner (2016) removed A. borellii from the synonymy of A. nigroterminata and restricted the distribution of the latter to some localities in Peru (Santos et al. 2018). 
EtymologyNamed after the collector of the type, A. Borrelli. 
References
  • Amaral, A. do 1930. Estudos sobre ophidios neotropicos XVII. Valor systematico de varias formas de ophidios neotropicos. Mem. Inst. Butantan 4: 1-68 [1929] - get paper here
  • Lema, T. de & M. F. Renner 2016. Status of Apostolepis borellii Peracca 1904 (Serpentes, Xenodontinae), with restriction of the A. nigroterminata concept Neotropical Biology and Conservation 11(2):62-71, doi: 10.4013/nbc.2016.112.02 - get paper here
  • Lema, T. de & Renner, M.F. 2006. A new species of Apostolepis with striped pattern from Mato Grosso, Brasil (Serpentes, Elapomorphine). Ciência em movimento 8: 13-18
  • Lema, Thales and Patrick Campbell 2017. New Species of Apostolepis (Serpentes, Dipsadinae, Elapomorphini) from Bolivia, from the Apostolepis borellii Group. Research & Reviews: Journal of Zoological Sciences 5 (1): 19-
  • Martins, L.A. & Lema, T. de 2015. Elapomorphini (Serpentes, Xenodontinae) do Brasil sudoeste. Neotropical Biology and Conservation 10(2): 93-102; doi: 10.4013/nbc.2015.102.05 - get paper here
  • Peracca, M.G. 1904. Viaggio del Dr. A. Borelli nel Matto Grosso brasiliano e nel Paraguay, 1899. IX. Rettili ed amfibii. Boll. Mus. Zool. Univ. Torino 19 (460): 1-15
  • Santos FM dos, Entiauspe-Neto OM, Araújo JS, de Souza MB, de Lema T, Strussmann C, de Albuquerque NR 2018. A new species of burrowing snake (Serpentes: Dipsadidae: Apostolepis) from the state of Mato Grosso, Central-West region of Brazil. Zoologia 35: 1-10 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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