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Apostolepis borellii PERACCA, 1904

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common Names 
SynonymApostolepis borellii PERACCA 1904: 9
Apostolepis borelli — AMARAL 30: 48
Apostolepis borelli — DE LEMA & RENNER 2006
Apostolepis borelli — WALLACH et al. 2014: 50
Apostolepis borelli — MARTINS & DE LEMA 2015 
DistributionC Bolivia (Santa Cruz), SW Brazil (W Mato Grosso do Sul) 200–725 m elevaton

Type locality: “Urucum, Matto Grosso brasiliano” [= Maciço do Urucum, W Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil, 19°12’S, 57°36’W, elevation 725 m] Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
TypesHolotype: MSNTO [MZUT] R962 
CommentSynonyy: previously synonymized with Apostolepis nigroterminata.

Diagnosis: Similar to Apostolepis nigroterminata, differing from it by: slender body (vs. stocky), elongated head (vs. wide, short), slandering snout (vs. wide and rounded), head a little slender (vs. wide, high, wider than neck); background color brown (vs. reddish), black nuchal collar wide, reaching the gular region (vs. vestigial, not reaching gular region), tail extremity slandering, with conic tip (vs. stocky, rounded tip), tail blotch complete reaching DO and SC (vs. only dorsal, with white halo anteriorly), FR hexagonal (vs. almost pentagonal). The species inhabits a diverse ecosystem, the Cerrado, whereas A. nigroterminata is from the Amazon Forest (LEMA & RENNER 2016). 
EtymologyNamed after the collector of the type, A. Borrelli. 
  • Amaral, A. do 1930. Estudos sobre ophidios neotropicos XVII. Valor systematico de varias formas de ophidios neotropicos. Mem. Inst. Butantan 4: 1-68 [1929] - get paper here
  • Lema, T. de & M. F. Renner 2016. Status of Apostolepis borellii Peracca 1904 (Serpentes, Xenodontinae), with restriction of the A. nigroterminata concept Neotropical Biology and Conservation 11(2):62-71, doi: 10.4013/nbc.2016.112.02 - get paper here
  • Lema, T. de & Renner, M.F. 2006. A new species of Apostolepis with striped pattern from Mato Grosso, Brasil (Serpentes, Elapomorphine). Ciência em movimento 8: 13-18
  • Lema, Thales and Patrick Campbell 2017. New Species of Apostolepis (Serpentes, Dipsadinae, Elapomorphini) from Bolivia, from the Apostolepis borellii Group. Research & Reviews: Journal of Zoological Sciences 5 (1): 19-
  • Martins, L.A. & Lema, T. de 2015. Elapomorphini (Serpentes, Xenodontinae) do Brasil sudoeste. Neotropical Biology and Conservation 10(2): 93-102; doi: 10.4013/nbc.2015.102.05 - get paper here
  • Peracca, M.G. 1904. Viaggio del Dr. A. Borelli nel Matto Grosso brasiliano e nel Paraguay, 1899. IX. Rettili ed amfibii. Boll. Mus. Zool. Univ. Torino 19 (460): 1-15
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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