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Apostolepis nigroterminata BOULENGER, 1896

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesPeru Burrowing Snake, Peru Blackhead 
SynonymApostolepis nigroterminata BOULENGER 1896: 235
Apostolepis nigroterminata — HARVEY 1999
Apostolepis nigroterminata — DE LEMA 2002
Apostolepis nigroterminata — WALLACH et al. 2014: 52 
DistributionE Peru, W Brazil (Acre), Bolivia

Type locality: Cayaria [= Callaria, Ucayali], NE Peru  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.9.77 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Similar to Apostolepis nigrolineata, dif- fering by presence of white nape collar (vs. absent in the adult), red dorsum in adult (vs. brown or tan), head wid- er than neck (vs. head with same diameter of neck); PA in divergent disposition (vs. parallel); PF pentagonal (vs. hexagonal); lateral stripe thin with lower side dark (vs. lat- eral wider, with yellowish white or one vestigial or dotted stripe). Also similar to A. borellii, from which it differs by stocky body (vs. slandering body), head short and wide, with snout round and wide (vs. head narrow, snout slen- der), wider than neck (vs. equal to neck diameter), red dor- sal coloration (vs. brown) (Table 1 in LEMA & RENNER 2016). 
CommentSynonymy: this species has been previously synonymized with A. borelli and then revalidated. See A. borelli. 
Etymology 
References
  • ALBUQUERQUE, NELSON RUFINO DE & THALES DE LEMA 2012. Description of the second known specimen of Apostolepis intermedia (Serpentes, Colubridae, Xenodontinae). Zootaxa 3325: 53–58 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp. - get paper here
  • CATENAZZI, A., LEHR, E. & VON MAY, R. 2013. The amphibians and reptiles of Manu National Park and its buffer zone, Amazon basin and eastern slopes of the Andes, Peru. Biota Neotrop. 13(4): 269-283
  • Harvey, Michael B. 1999. Revision of Bolivian Apostolepis (Squamata: Colubridae). Copeia 1999 (2): 388-409 - get paper here
  • Lema, T. de & M. F. Renner 2004. New species of Apostolepis from Alto Tocantins, Brazil, with comments on the striped pattern species (Serpentes, Elapomorphinae). Biociências 12(2): 139-145
  • Lema, T. de & M. F. Renner 2016. Status of Apostolepis borellii Peracca 1904 (Serpentes, Xenodontinae), with restriction of the A. nigroterminata concept Neotropical Biology and Conservation 11(2):62-71, doi: 10.4013/nbc.2016.112.02 - get paper here
  • Lema, T. de & Renner, M.F. 2006. A new species of Apostolepis with striped pattern from Mato Grosso, Brasil (Serpentes, Elapomorphine). Ciência em movimento 8: 13-18
  • Lema, Thales de 2001. Fossorial snake genus Apostolepis from South America (Serpentes: Colubridae: Elapomorphinae). Cuadernos de herpetología 15 (1): 29-43.
  • Martins, L.A. & Lema, T. de 2015. Elapomorphini (Serpentes, Xenodontinae) do Brasil sudoeste. Neotropical Biology and Conservation 10(2): 93-102; doi: 10.4013/nbc.2015.102.05 - get paper here
  • Peracca, M.G. 1904. Viaggio del Dr. A. Borelli nel Matto Grosso brasiliano e nel Paraguay, 1899. IX. Rettili ed amfibii. Boll. Mus. Zool. Univ. Torino 19 (460): 1-15
  • Santos FM dos, Entiauspe-Neto OM, Araújo JS, de Souza MB, de Lema T, Strussmann C, de Albuquerque NR 2018. A new species of burrowing snake (Serpentes: Dipsadidae: Apostolepis) from the state of Mato Grosso, Central-West region of Brazil. Zoologia 35: 1-10 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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