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Apostolepis phillipsae HARVEY, 1999

IUCN Red List - Apostolepis phillipsae - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Phillips’ Blackhead
Portuguese: Cobrinha-da-Terra 
SynonymApostolepis phillipsi HARVEY 1999
Apostolepis phillipsi — DE LEMA 2004
Apostolepis phillipsae — MICHELS & BAUER 2004
Apostolepis phillipsi — NOGUEIRA et al. 2012
Apostolepis aff. phillipsae — MARTINS & DE LEMA 2015
Apostolepis phillipsi — WALLACH et al. 2014: 53
Apostolepis phillipsae — NOGUEIRA et al. 2019 
DistributionBolivia (Santa Cruz), Brazil (Mato Grosso)

Type locality: Estancia El Refugio, Provincia Velasco, Santa Cruz, Bolivia  
TypesHolotype: UTA 43940 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Snout pointed; six supralabials; nasal separated from preocular by contact between prefrontal and second supralabial; temporals absent; four infralabials (1–4) contacting first pair of chinshields, two infralabials (4–5) contacting second pair of chinshields; ventrals 215–227; subcaudals 24–31; light blotches on anterior dorsal surfaces of head, remaining of head dark brown; light supralabial blotch covering most or all supralabials; light nuchal collar 1–3 dorsals long, followed by black nuchal collar 0.5–2 dorsals long; dorsum tan with five brown stripes: lateral stripe darkest on scale rows 3–4; paravertebral stripe on rows 5 and 6; vertebral stripe on row 8; terminal scale black with a white tip (Colli et al. 2019: 582). See also Martins & de Lema 2015: 96 for a description). 
EtymologyNamed after Mrs. Barbara Phillips who discovered A. phillipsi. 
  • ALBUQUERQUE, NELSON RUFINO DE & THALES DE LEMA 2012. Description of the second known specimen of Apostolepis intermedia (Serpentes, Colubridae, Xenodontinae). Zootaxa 3325: 53–58 - get paper here
  • COLLI, GUARINO RINALDI; ANDRÉ FELIPE BARRETO-LIMA, PEDRO TOURINHO DANTAS, CARLOS JOSÉ S. MORAIS, DAVI LIMA PANTOJA, ARTHUR DE SENA, & HEITOR CAMPOS DE SOUSA 2019. On the occurrence of Apostolepis phillipsi (Serpentes, Elapomorphini) in Brazil, with the description of a new specimen from Mato Grosso Zootaxa 4619 (3): 580–588 - get paper here
  • Gonzalez R. C. et al. 2020. Lista dos Nomes Populares dos Répteis no Brasil – Primeira Versão. Herpetologia Brasileira 9 (2): 121 – 214 - get paper here
  • Harvey, Michael B. 1999. Revision of Bolivian Apostolepis (Squamata: Colubridae). Copeia 1999 (2): 388-409 - get paper here
  • Lema, T. de 2004. Nova espécie de Apostolepis COPE do estado de RONDÔNIA, Brasil (Serpentes, Elapomorphinae). Comunicações do Museu Ciência Tecnologia (PUCRS), Porto Alegre, 17 (2): 81-89
  • Lema, T. de & Renner, M.F. 2006. A new species of Apostolepis with striped pattern from Mato Grosso, Brasil (Serpentes, Elapomorphine). Ciência em movimento 8: 13-18
  • Lema, Thales de 2001. Fossorial snake genus Apostolepis from South America (Serpentes: Colubridae: Elapomorphinae). Cuadernos de herpetología 15 (1): 29-43.
  • Martins, L.A. & Lema, T. de 2015. Elapomorphini (Serpentes, Xenodontinae) do Brasil sudoeste. Neotropical Biology and Conservation 10(2): 93-102; doi: 10.4013/nbc.2015.102.05 - get paper here
  • Michels, J.P. & A.M. Bauer 2004. Some corrections to the scientific names of amphibians and reptiles. Bonner Zoologische Beiträge 52: 83–94 [2005] - get paper here
  • Nogueira, Cristiano C.; Antonio J.S. Argôlo, Vanesa Arzamendia, Josué A. Azevedo, Fausto E. Barbo, Renato S. Bérnils, Bruna E. Bolochio, Marcio Borges-Martins, Marcela Brasil-Godinho, Henrique Braz, Marcus A. Buononato, Diego F. Cisneros-Heredia, 2019. Atlas of Brazilian snakes: verified point-locality maps to mitigate the Wallacean shortfall in a megadiverse snake fauna. South American J. Herp. 14 (Special Issue 1):1-274 - get paper here
  • Nogueira, Cristiano; Fausto Erritto Barbo and Hebert Ferrarezzi 2012. Redescription of Apostolepis albicollaris Lema, 2002, with a Key for the Species Groups of the Genus Apostolepis (Serpentes: Dipsadidae: Elapomorphini). South American J. Herp. 7 (3): 213-225 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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