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Apostolepis pymi BOULENGER, 1903

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common Names 
SynonymApostolepis pymi BOULENGER 1903: 353
Apostolepis pymi — DE LEMA & RENNER 1998
Apostolepis pymi — DE LEMA & ALBUQUERQUE 2010
Apostolepis pymi — WALLACH et al. 2014: 53 
DistributionBrazil (Amazonas, Mato Grosso, Rondônia, Ceará, Pará)

Type locality: “Brazil.” Restricted to Pará State, Brazil fide Lema (1997: 194).  
TypesType: BMNH 1946.1.9.82 (and possibly additional specimens). 
CommentSynonymy: Apostolepis pymi has been removed from synonymy with A. coronata by DE LEMA & RENNER 1998. Elapomorphus nigrolineatus PETERS 1869 is listed as a synonym of Apostolepis flavotorquata by BAUER et al. 1995 although DE LEMA states that “Apostolepis pymi is [...] Apostolepis nigrolineata” (pers. comm.). See also DE LEMA 1997. LEMA & ALBUQUERQUE (2010) synonymized quinquelineatus with nigrolineatus but revalidated pymi. Curcio et al. (2011) redescribed A. longicaudata and recognize A. pymi as a synonym of A. nigrolineata without further comments. As shown by Lema & Albuquerque (2010), however, A. nigrolineata and A. pymi can be distinguished from each other by a suite of coloration and tail shape characters and should be treated as distinct.

The background color of A. nigrolineata is reddish brown (vs. brown in A. pymi ). In addition, only the dorsal region of end of tail is covered by a black band (vs. end of tail completely surrounded by a black band in A. pymi). 
EtymologyNamed after J. Pym, who owned the single male specimen upon which Boulenger based his description. Pym's collection was acquired by the Natural History Museum, London, after his death. 
  • ALBUQUERQUE, NELSON RUFINO DE & THALES DE LEMA 2012. Description of the second known specimen of Apostolepis intermedia (Serpentes, Colubridae, Xenodontinae). Zootaxa 3325: 53–58 - get paper here
  • Avila-Pires, Teresa C.S.; Kleiton R. Alves-Silva, Laís Barbosa, Fabrício S. Correa, Jorge F. A. Cosenza, Ana Paula V. Costa-Rodrigues, Aurea A. Cronemberger, Marinus S. Hoogmoed, Geraldo R. Lima-Filho, Adriano O. Maciel, Alexandre F. R. Missassi, Lyw 2018. Changes in Amphibian and Reptile Diversity Over Time in Parque Estadual do Utinga, a Protected Area Surrounded by Urbanization. Herpetology Notes 11: 499-512 - get paper here
  • Bauer, A.M.; Günther,R. & Klipfel,M. 1995. The herpetological contributions of Wilhelm C.H. Peters (1815-1883). SSAR Facsimile Reprints in Herpetology, 714 pp.
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1903. Descriptions of new snakes in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (7) 12: 350-354 - get paper here
  • Lema, T. de & Albuquerque, N.R. de 2010. The identity of Apostolepis pymi and placement of A. quinquelineata in the synonymy of A. nigrolineata (Serpentes, Xenodontinae). Biota Neotropica 10 (1): 343-346.
  • Lema, T. de. 1997. Redescription of the tropical Brazilian serpent Apostolepis nigrolineata (Peters, 1869), (Colubridae: Elapomorphinae), synonomus with A. pymi Boulenger 1903. Studies of Neotropical Fauna and Environment 32: 193-199. - get paper here
  • Lema, Thales de and Marcia F. Renner 1998. O status de Apostolepis quinquelineata BOULENGER,1896, A. pymi BOULENGER, 1903, E. rondoni AMARAL, 1925 (SERPENTES, COLUBRIDAE, ELAPOMORPHINI). Biociências 6 (1): 99-121
  • Mendes-Pinto, T. J. & S. Marques de Souza 2011. Preliminary assessment of amphibians and reptiles from Floresta Nacional do Trairão, with a new snake record for the Pará state, Brazilian Amazon. Salamandra 47 (4): 199-206 - get paper here
  • Vaz-Silva, W.; RM Oliveira, AFN Gonzaga, KC Pinto, FC Poli, TM Bilce, M Penhacek, L Wronski, JX Martins, TG Junqueira, LCC, Cesca VY, Guimarães RD. Pinheiro 2015. Contributions to the knowledge of amphibians and reptiles from Volta Grande do Xingu, northern Brazil Braz. J. Biol., 75 (3) (suppl.): S205-S218 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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