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Asaccus iranicus TORKI, AHMADZADEH, ILGAZ, AVCI & KUMLUTAS, 2011

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Higher TaxaPhyllodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymAsaccus iranicus TORKI, AHMADZADEH, ILGAZ, AVCI & KUMLUTAS 2011 
DistributionS Iran (Bushehr Province)

Type locality: coastal Persian Gulf, Assaloye City, Bushehr Province, Southern Iran (27° 18′ N, 52° 42′ E, elevation 50-221 m).  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: FTHM (also as FTHR) 002690, female, collected by F. Torki and Faraham Ahmadzadeh, on 1 May 2008.
Paratype: FTHM (also as FTHR) 002691. Adult male, other data as for holotype. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Small Asaccus; forelimb fingersparallel joint to palm; dorsal body covered allover by tubercles; small dorsal tubercles keeledand trihedral type a and b; dorsolateral tuber-cles keeled, pointed or simple, much smallerthan the middle; tubercles on the middle of theneck keeled, laterals pointed; occipital tuber-cles pointed or simple; upper head tuberclesvery small and simple; simple tubercles extend between interorbit and upper eyelash; several coarse tubercles (sharp or simple) in front of theeyes; simple tubercles cover the arm and fore-arm, tubercles not extend into palm and digits;thigh covered with keeled tubercles, laterals co-vered with simple or pointed tubercles, smallerthan the middle; foreleg tubercles extend intopalm and upper part of the 1st and 2nd digits (Additional characters are shown in Table 1 in TORKI et al. 2011).

Comparison. Asaccus iranicus sp. nov. is eas-ily distinguishable from other Asaccus as fol-lows: The direction of the fingers to forelimbspalm of the A. iranicus sp. nov. is differentwith other species of Asaccus (fig. 4). Scansors do not extend beyond claws and tubercles are present on the arms for A. iranicus sp. nov.; thisis in contrast to A. gallagheri, A. platyrhynchus, A. caudivolvulus (Khasab population), A. kurdistanensis, A. kermanshahensis, A. nasrullahi, A. granularis, A. andersoni, A. griseonotus and A. saffinae (e.g., Arnold and Gardner, 1994; Torki and Sharifi, 2007; Torki et al., 2008; Afrasiab and Mohamad, 2009; Torki, 2009, in press; Torki, Fatinia and Rostami, in press). A.iranicus sp. nov. shows difference from A. cau-divolvulus (Jebele population) by having clawsbeyond the scansors. A. iranicus sp. nov. differsfrom A. montanus and A. elisae by having smallsize tubercles on dorsal body (e.g., Arnold and Gardner, 1994; Gardner, 1994). A. iranicus sp.nov. is significantly smaller than A. barani sp.nov., A. tangestanensis and Asaccus zagrosicus sp. nov. (from TORKI et al. 2011). 
CommentDistribution: See map in SMID et al. 2014 for distribution in Iran.

Abundance: only known from its original description (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
References
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • ŠMÍD, JIŘÍ; JIŘÍ MORAVEC, PETR KODYM, LUKÁŠ KRATOCHVÍL, SEYYED SAEED HOSSEINIAN YOUSEFKHANI, ESKANDAR RASTEGAR-POUYANI & DANIEL FRYNTA 2014. Annotated checklist and distribution of the lizards of Iran. Zootaxa 3855 (1): 001–097
  • Torki, F.; Ahmadzadeh, F.; Ilgaz, C.; Avci, A. & Kumlutas, Y. 2011. Description of four new Asaccus Dixon and Anderson, 1973 (Reptilia: Phyllodactylidae) from Iran and Turkey. Amphibia-Reptilia 32 (2): 185-202 - get paper here
 
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