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Asaccus tangestanensis TORKI, AHMADZADEH, ILGAZ, AVCI & KUMLUTAS, 2011

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Higher TaxaPhyllodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common Names 
SynonymAsaccus tangestanensis TORKI, AHMADZADEH, ILGAZ, AVCI & KUMLUTAS 2011
Asaccus tangestanensis — NASRABADI et al. 2017 
DistributionS Iran (southern Zagros Mountains, Bushehr Province)

Type locality: southern Zagros Mountains, Khaiiz, Tangestan City, Bushehr Province, Southern Iran (28° 43′ N, 51° 31′ E, elevation 525 m.  
Reproductionoviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: ZFMK 91934 (formerly FTHM = FTHR) 002670, adult male, collected on 4 May 2008 by F. Torki and Faraham Ahmadzadeh. Paratypes: FTHM 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Medium size gecko; large size Asaccus (49-57 mm); thin body; thin, elongated limbs; tail is longer than body; trihedral tubercles (type b) all over the dorsal body in-cluding the back, limbs, head; special tubercles(strongly keeled, elevated and trihedral) in frontof eye and between the eyes and ears; claws infront of scansore. Two large postmentals, firstin contact; rostral is not divided in upper re-gion; internasal scales elongated and crescentshaped, distinct with one scale or in contact;several small scales on posterior of postnasalscale; a special pattern includes six crossbandson dorsal side (from occipital region to prox-imal of tail); some specimens have one cross-band on neck and one crossbands on occipital,and in general crossbands are only present from the occipital into the tail and not extended into other region; three crossbands on the first halfof the original tail; two or three rings on secondary part of the original tail; other regions of the body including limbs, head, and ventral sides are without any pattern; in some speci-mens regenerated tails have black rings, and inothers there is no pattern (dorsal and ventralside) and have whitish color (similar to ventralof body). The color is very translucent in live specimens (fig. 5), because we could see abdomen components such as digestive and vascular system clearly visible; in live females anegg in the abdomen was visible; dorsal cross-bands or spots are colorless (pallid brownish); pattern on limbs is pallid with typically no pattern on limbs in most of the specimens; uppereyes are completely emerald or green; center of scansor is reddish [from TORKI et al. 2011].

Comparison. Asaccus tangestanensis sp. nov. is easily distinguishable from other Asaccus as follows: Scansors in the Asaccus tangestanensissp. nov. do not extend beyond claws and tubercles are present on the arms; this is in contrast to A. gallagheri, A. platyrhynchus, A. caudivolvu-lus (Khasab population), A. kurdistanensis, A.kermanshahensis, A. nasrullahi, A. granularis,A. andersoni, A. griseonotus and A. saffinae (e.g., Arnold and Gardner, 1994; Torki andSharifi, 2007; Torki et al., 2008; Afrasiab andMohamad, 2009; Torki, 2009, in press; Torki,Fatinia and Rostami, in press). A. tangestanensis sp. nov. is different from A. caudivolvulus (Jebel population) by having claws beyond scansors (Arnold and Gardner, 1994). A. tanges-tanensis sp. nov. differs from A. elisae (Arnoldand Gardner, 1994; Torki et al., 2008; Torki, inpress), and other new Asaccus (A. barani, A.iranicus, and A. zagrosicus) by having large, tri-hedral keeled tubercles type c on most part ofdorsal body (including dorsal, neck, and limbs)and thin (plus long) limbs. A. tangestanensis sp.nov. (up to 50 mm) is larger than A. montanus(less than 40 mm), and also has thinner limbsand body than A. montanus (Arnold and Gardner, 1994; Gardner, 1994) [from TORKI et al. 2011]. 
CommentDistribution: See map in SMID et al. 2014 for distribution in Iran. 
Etymologynamed after the type locality. 
  • Kamali, Kamran 2020. A Field Guide to the Reptiles and Amphibians of Iran. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, Germany ( 574 pp.
  • NASRABADI, REZA; NASRULLAH RASTEGAR-POUYANI, ESKANDAR RASTEGAR-POUYANI, AHMAD GHARZI 2017. A revised key to the lizards of Iran (Reptilia: Squamata: Lacertilia). Zootaxa 4227 (3): 431–443 - get paper here
  • ŠMÍD, JIŘÍ; JIŘÍ MORAVEC, PETR KODYM, LUKÁŠ KRATOCHVÍL, SEYYED SAEED HOSSEINIAN YOUSEFKHANI, ESKANDAR RASTEGAR-POUYANI & DANIEL FRYNTA 2014. Annotated checklist and distribution of the lizards of Iran. Zootaxa 3855 (1): 001–097 - get paper here
  • Torki, F.; Ahmadzadeh, F.; Ilgaz, C.; Avci, A. & Kumlutas, Y. 2011. Description of four new Asaccus Dixon and Anderson, 1973 (Reptilia: Phyllodactylidae) from Iran and Turkey. Amphibia-Reptilia 32 (2): 185-202 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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