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Aspidoscelis tigris (BAIRD & GIRARD, 1852)

IUCN Red List - Aspidoscelis tigris - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaTeiidae, Teiinae, Gymnophthalmoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesAspidoscelis tigris aethiops (COPE 1900)
Aspidoscelis tigris dickersonae (VAN DENBURGH & SLEVIN 1921)
Aspidoscelis tigris disparilis (DICKERSON 1919)
Aspidoscelis tigris multiscutata (COPE 1892)
Aspidoscelis tigris munda (CAMP 1916)
Aspidoscelis tigris nigroriens (HENDRICKS & DIXON 1986)
Aspidoscelis tigris pulcher (WILLIAMS, SMITH & CHRAPLIWY 1960)
Aspidoscelis tigris punctata (WALKER & MASLIN 1965)
Aspidoscelis tigris punctilinealis (DICKERSON 1919)
Aspidoscelis tigris rubida (COPE 1892)
Aspidoscelis tigris septentrionalis (BURGER 1950)
Aspidoscelis tigris stejnegeri (VAN DENBURGH 1894)
Aspidoscelis tigris tigris (BAIRD & GIRARD 1852)
Aspidoscelis tigris vandenburghi (DICKERSON 1919)
Aspidoscelis tigris variolosa (COPE 1892)
Aspidoscelis tigris vivida (WALKER 1981) 
Common NamesE: Western Whiptail, Tiger Whiptail
G: Tiger-Rennechse
punctilinealis: Sonoran Tiger Whiptail
stejnegeri: Coastal Whiptail 
SynonymCnemidophorus tigris BAIRD & GIRARD 1852
Cnemidophorus tigris — MCLAIN 1899
Cnemidophorus tigris — STEBBINS 1985: 161
Cnemidophorus tigris — LINER 1994
Aspidoscelis tigris — REEDER et al. 2002
Aspidoscelis tigris — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009

Aspidoscelis tigris aethiops (COPE 1900)
Cnemidophorus tesselatus aethiops COPE 1900: 582
Cnemidophorus tigris aethiops — SMITH & BURGER 1949: 282
Cnemidophorus canus VAN DENBURGH & SLEVIN 1921 (fide WRIGHT (1993)
Cnemidophorus bacatus VAN DENBURGH & SLEVIN 1921
Cnemidophorus catalinensis VAN DENBURGH & SLEVIN 1921
Cnemidophorus bacatus — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 187
Cnemidophorus catalinensis — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 188
Cnemidophorus tigris canus — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 190
Cnemidophorus gadovi BURGER 1950 (fide ZWEIFEL 1956)
Cnemidophorus tigris aethiops — ZWEIFEL & NORRIS 1955
Cnemidophorus tigris aethiops — MASLIN & SECOY 1986
Cnemidophorus bacatus — MASLIN & SECOY 1986
Cnemidophorus canus — MASLIN & SECOY 1986
Cnemidophorus catalinensis — MASLIN & SECOY 1986
Aspidoscelis cana — GRISMER 1999
Aspidoscelis tigris aethiops — REEDER et al. 2002
Aspidoscelis tigris aethiops — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008
Aspidoscelis bacatus — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008
Aspidoscelis cana — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008
Aspidoscelis catalinensis — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008
Aspidoscelis bacata — JONES & LOVICH 2009
Aspidoscelis cana — JONES & LOVICH 2009
Aspidoscelis catalinensis — JONES & LOVICH 2009
Aspidoscelis bacata — ENDERSON et al. 2009
Aspidoscelis bacata — JOHNSON et al. 2017
Aspidoscelis cana — JOHNSON et al. 2017
Aspidoscelis catalinensis — JOHNSON et al. 2017

Aspidoscelis tigris dickersonae (VAN DENBURGH & SLEVIN 1921)
Cnemidophorus dickersonae VAN DENBURGH & SLEVIN 1921
Cnemidophorus tigris dickersonae — MASLIN & SECOY 1986
Cnemidophorus tigris dickersonae — BAUER & GÜNTHER 1994

Aspidoscelis tigris disparilis (DICKERSON 1919)
Cnemidophorus disparilis DICKERSON 1919
Cnemidophorus tigris aethiops — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 189
Cnemidophorus tigris — GRISMER 1999
Aspidoscelis tigris disparilis — REEDER et al. 2002
Aspidoscelis tigris disparilis — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008

Aspidoscelis tigris multiscutatus (COPE 1892)
Cnemidophorus tesselatus multiscutatus COPE 1892: 28
Cnemidophorus stejnegeri — VAN DENBURGH 1894: 300
Cnemidophorus multiscutatus VAN DENBURGH 1895: 126
Cnemidophorus tesselatus stejnegeri — STEJNEGER & BARBOUR 1917: 68
Cnemidophorus bartolomas DICKERSON 1919: 476
Cnemidophorus tigris multiscutatus — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 191
Cnemidophorus tigris multiscutatus — ZWEIFEL 1958
Cnemidophorus tigris multiscutatus — WALKER 1981
Cnemidophorus tigris multiscutatus — MASLIN & SECOY 1986
Cnemidophorus tigris multiscutatus — LINER 1994
Aspidoscelis tigris multiscutata — REEDER et al. 2002
Aspidoscelis tigris multiscutata — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008

Aspidoscelis tigris munda (CAMP 1916)
Cnemidophorus tigris mundus CAMP 1916: 71
Cnemidophorus tigris mundus — SCHMIDT 1953: 144
Cnemidophorus tigris mundus — MASLIN & SECOY 1986
Aspidoscelis tigris munda — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009

Aspidoscelis tigris pulcher (WILLIAMS, SMITH & CHRAPLIWY 1960)
Cnemidophorus tigris pulcher WILLIAMS, SMITH & CHRAPLIWY 1960: 43
Cnemidophorus tigris pulcher — SMITH et al. 1964: 47
Cnemidophorus tigris pulcher — MASLIN & SECOY 1986
Aspidoscelis tigris pulchra — REEDER et al. 2002
Aspidoscelis tigris pulchra — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008

Aspidoscelis tigris punctatus (WALKER & MASLIN 1965)
Cnemidophorus tigris punctatus WALKER & MASLIN 1965
Cnemidophorus tigris punctatus — MASLIN & SECOY 1986

Aspidoscelis tigris punctilinealis (DICKERSON 1919)
Cnemidophorus tigris punctilinealis DICKERSON 1919
Cnemidophorus tigris gracilis BAIRD & GIRARD 1852: 69 (fide TAYLOR & WALKER 1996)
Cnemidophorus estebanensis DICKERSON 1919
Cnemidophorus martyris STEJNEGER 1892
Cnemidophorus melanostethus COPE 1864: 104 (fide SMITH & TAYLOR 1950)
Cnemidophorus melanostethus — TAYLOR 1938: 485
Cnemidophorus tigris gracilis — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 189
Cnemidophorus tigris gracilis — BURGER 1950
Cnemidophorus tigris martyris — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 191
Cnemidophorus tigris estebanensis — LOWE & NORRIS 1955
Cnemidophorus estebanensis — MASLIN & SECOY 1986
Cnemidophorus tigris gracilis — MASLIN & SECOY 1986
Aspidoscelis tigris punctilinealis — REEDER et al. 2002
Aspidoscelis estebanensis — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008
Aspidoscelis tigris punctilinealis — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008
Aspidoscelis tigris punctilinealis — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009
Aspidoscelis estebanensis — LOVICH & JONES 2009
Aspidoscelis martyris — JONES & LOVICH 2009
Aspidoscelis estebanensis — ENDERSON et al. 2009

Aspidoscelis tigris rubidus (COPE 1892)
Cnemidophorus tesselatus rubidus COPE 1892: 36
Cnemidophorus rubidus — VAN DENBURGH 1895: 126
Cnemidophorus rubidus — VAN DENBURGH 1922: 546
Cnemidophorus tigris rubidus — SMITH & BURGER 1949: 282
Cnemidophorus celeripes DICKERSON 1919
Cnemidophorus vandenburghi DICKERSON 1919: 477
Cnemidophorus tigris celeripes — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 190
Cnemidophorus tigris rubidus — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 191
Cnemidophorus tigris rubidus — LEVITON & BANTA 1964
Cnemidophorus tigris rubidus — MASLIN & SECOY 1986
Cnemidophorus celeripes — MASLIN & SECOY 1986
Aspidoscelis celeripes — GRISMER 1999
Aspidoscelis tigris rubida — REEDER et al. 2002
Aspidoscelis celeripes — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008
Aspidoscelis tigris rubida — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008
Aspidoscelis tigris vandenburghi — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008
Aspidoscelis celeripes — JONES & LOVICH 2009
Aspidoscelis celeripes — JOHNSON et al. 2017

Aspidoscelis tigris septentrionalis (BURGER 1950)
Cnemidophorus tigris septentrionalis BURGER 1950: 8
Cnemidophorus tigris septentrionalis — MASLIN & SECOY 1986
Aspidoscelis tigris septentrionalis — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009

Aspidoscelis tigris stejnegeri (VAN DENBURGH 1894)
Cnemidophorus stejnegeri VAN DENBURGH 1894: 300
Cnemidophorus tigris vividus WALKER 1981
Cnemidophorus tigris stejnegeri — MASLIN & SECOY 1986
Aspidoscelis tigris stejnegeri — REEDER et al. 2002
Aspidoscelis tigris stejnegeri — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008
Aspidoscelis tigris vivida — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008
Aspidoscelis tigris stejnegeri — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009
Aspidoscelis tigris stejnegeri — THOMSON et al. 2016

Aspidoscelis tigris tigris (BAIRD & GIRARD 1852)
Cnemidophorus tigris BAIRD & GIRARD 1852
Cnemidophorus dickersonae VAN DENBURGH and SLEVIN 1921
Cnemidophorus tigris tigris — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 189
Cnemidophorus tigris punctata WALKER & MASLIN 1964
Cnemidophorus tigris dickersonae — WALKER 1981
Cnemidophorus tigris tigris — MASLIN & SECOY 1986
Aspidoscelis tigris punctata — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008
Aspidoscelis tigris tigris — REEDER et al. 2002

Aspidoscelis tigris variolosus (COPE 1863)
Cnemidophorus variolosus COPE 1863: 39
Cnemidophorus tigris nigroriens HENDRICKS & DIXON 1986
Cnemidophorus tigris variolosus — MASLIN & SECOY 1986
Aspidoscelis tigris nigroriens — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008
Aspidoscelis tigris variolosa — REEDER et al. 2002
Aspidoscelis tigris variolosa — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008

Aspidoscelis tigris vividus (WALKER 1981)
Cnemidophorus tigris vividus WALKER 1981: 193
Cnemidophorus tigris vividus — MASLIN & SECOY 1986 
DistributionUSA (California),
Mexico (Baja California, Sonora, Chihuahua, Sinaloa, Durango, Zacatecas)

aethiops: Mexico (S Sonora and adjacent islands: Tiburón, San Esteban). Type locality: Hermosillo, Sonora.

bacata: Mexico (Sonora); Type locality: San Pedro Nolasco Island, Sonora (fide SMITH & TAYLOR 1950).

cana: Mexico (Sal Si Puedes [Salsipuedes] Island and north and South San Lorenzo Islands). Type locality: Sal Si Puedes Island, Gulf of California, Baja California.

catalinensis: Mexico (Baja California); Type locality: Santa Catalina Island, Baja California.

celeripes: Mexico; Type locality: San José Island, Baja California.

dickersonae: Mexico, Baja California Norte; Type locality: Isla Partida, near Angel de la Guardia Island, Gulf of California.

gracilis: USA (E California in Colorado River Valley, S Arizona south of the plateau, SW New Mexico, N Sonora); Type locality: “Desert of Colorado”. Restricted to Yuma, Arizona (SMITH & TAYLOR 1950).

martyris: Mexico; Type locality: San Pedro Mártir Island, Gulf of California, Baja California.

multiscutata: USA (coastal southern California), Mexico (Baja California). Type locality: Cedros Island, Baja California.

pulcher: Mexico (Chihuahua); Type locality: Mexico: 1.2 mi NW Carrillo, Chihuahua.

rubida: Mexico (Southern third of Baja California, south of San Marcos Island, including adjacent islands in the Gulf and off the western edge of the peninsula (Carmen, Santa Margarita, Magdalena Islands)). Type locality: Santa Margarita Island, Baja California.

stejnegeri: coastal southern California. Type locality: Ensenada, Baja California.

tigris: S Idaho, SE Oregon south through W Utah and SE California to NE Baja California, NW Sonora. Type locality: “Valley of the Great Salt Lake”, Utah. Restricted to Salt Lake City, Utah.

variolosus: Mexico (Nuevo Leon) Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionbisexual. 
TypesHolotype: USNM 4103 (tigris)
Syntypes: USNM 64240-5 [aethiops]
Holotype: CAS 49153 [canus]
Holotype: CAS 50507 [catalinensis]
Holotype: AMNH 5514 [celeripes]
Holotype: USNM 3034 [gracilis]
Holotype: USNM 15620 [martyris]
Syntypes: USNM 15160-3 [multiscutatus]
Holotype: AMNH R5532 [punctilinealis]
Syntypes: USNM 15149-15155 [rubidus]
Holotype: CAS 49152 [bacatus]
Holotype: CAS 49153 [canus]
Holotype: CAS 50507 [catalinensis]
Holotype: UIMNH 43762; P. S. Chrapliwy and K. L. Williams; August 1, 1958 [pulcher]
Holotype: CAS 49154 [dickersonae]
Holotype: UCM 29200 (Universiy of Colorado Museum) [punctatus] 
CommentSubspecies and synonymy: Hendricks and Dixon (1986) gave species status to Cnemidophorus tigris marmoratus. They also transferred C. tigris pulcher and C. t. variolosus to C. marmoratus, but Dessauer and Cole (1991) returned them to C. tigris. Check out the cited papers for the complicated nomenclatorial issues concerning this species ;-). Similarly, most synonyms of C. t. aethiops have been treated as full species until they have been synonymized by Wright (1993, 1994). Walker (1988) discusses the status of C. t. dickersonae. Subspecies mainly after LINER (1994) who treats bacatus, canus, catalinensis, celeripes, and estebanensis as valid species. GRISMER (1999) synonymized C. t. estebanensis and C. t. disparilis with C. tigris and elevated bacatus, canus, celeripes, and martyris to full (evolutionary) species status. C. tigris does not occur on Isla San Benito, Baja California [HR 27: 69]. Cnemidophorus tigris punctilinealis of the Sonoran Desert and C. t. marmoratus of the Chihuahuan Desert contact each other and interbreed in the Animas Valley of southwestern New Mexico (DESAUER et al. 2000). C. t. reticuloriens was originally described by HENDRICKS (1975) in an unpublished PhD thesis and only later formally published (HENDRICKS & DIXON 1986). TAGGART & COLLINS ascribe it to VANCE 1978 for unknown reasons.

Synonymy: in a state of confusion. Check recent papers. A. t. mundus has been considered as a synonym of undulatus (WRIGHT 1993). See also CROTHER 2000. Subspecies that are not cited as chresonyms by Reeder et al. (2002) are not recognized by these authors.

Genomics: this is one of the species selected by the Genome 10K consortium for complete genome sequencing.

Distribution: see map in Sullivan in Jones & Lovich 2009: 394; not in Coahuila. 
References
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