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Asymblepharus ladacensis (GÜNTHER, 1864)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesAsymblepharus ladacensis ladacensis (GÜNTHER 1864)
Asymblepharus ladacensis stimsoni (EREMCENKO 1992) 
Common NamesLadak Ground Skink 
SynonymEumeces ladacensis GÜNTHER 1864: 86
Scincella ladacense MITTLEMAN 1952
Euprepes stoliczkai STEINDACHNER 1869: 46
Euprepes kargilensis STEINDACHNER 1869
Euprepes kargilensis — THEOBALD 1876
Mocoa kargilensis — THEOBALD 1876
Lygosoma ladacense — BOULENGER 1887
Leiolopisma ladacense — SCHMIDT 1926
Leiolopisma ladacense — SMITH 1935
Lygosoma (Leiolopisma) ladacense — CONSTABLE 1949
Scincella ladacensis — GREER 1974: 7
Scincella ladacense — WANG & ZHAO 1986
Asymblepharus ladacensis (? see comment)
Scincella ladacensis — DAS 1996: 48
Asymblepharus (Asymblepharus) ladacensis — EREMCHENKO 2003
Asymblepharus ladacensis — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008

Asymblepharus ladacensis stimsoni (EREMČENKO 1992)
Asymblepharus ladacensis stimsoni — EREMCHENKO et al. 1998 
DistributionChina (Xizang =Tibet) [Scincella ladacensis ladacensis]
N Pakistan, W Himalaya (S Karakoram)
India (Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh)
W Nepal

Type locality: Ladak (=Ladakh), "Tibet" M. A. Smith (1935: 300) gave "Ladak, Kashmir." as type locality. The Ladakh
Mountains cross the Xizang-Kashmir (India) border, but Ladakh is in Kashmir.

stimsoni: Nepal, China (upper Ganges River basin); Type locality: "Nepal, Garanphu, Seti Vall., Bajang distr., 4270 M." (= Garaphu, 30° 00'N; 81° 20'E)  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.8.16.28 (ladacensis)
Holotype: BMNH 1957.1.14.91, paratypes: BMNH 1957.1.14.81-86 (paratypes), "Saipal, Bajang dist., 4570 M." (30° 00'N; 81° 20'E, Nepal); BMNH 1957.1.14.87-88, "Ingul Divar, SE ridge of Kapkot near Duhli, 3660 M." (29° 80'N; 81° 30'E, Duhli sic for Dhuli, Nepal); BMNH 1957.1.14.89-90; 92-93, "Garanphu, Seti Valley, Bajang dist., 4270 M." (30° 00'N; 81° 20'E, Nepal); BMNH 1953.1.1.54, "Pemringgoan, Barbung Khola, 4880 M." (28º 52'N; 83º 15'E; Dolpa District, Nepal); BMNH 1953.1.55-57, "Balanga pass, Tibrikot, 3500 M." (29º 00'N; 82º 44'E, at present in Dolpa District); BMNH 1953.1.1.58, "Phoksumdo Tal, Tibrikot, 4270 M." (29° 00'N; 83° 00'E; Dolpa District, Nepal); BMNH 1953.1.1.59, "Kahajeng Khola, near Mohala Raiang, Charkabhot, 5490 M." (29° 00'N; 83° 30'E, Nepal). [stimsoni]
Syntypes: NMW 16643.1-4 [Euprepes kargilensis] 
Diagnosis 
CommentScincella ladacensis has been renamed to Asymblepharus ladacensis, but most of the pertinent literature is in Russian and I haven’t seen it. See references in the entries for Asymblepharus. Eremtschenko (1992) has described Asymblepharus ladacensis stimsoni. Scincella ladacensis himalayana (GÜNTHER 1864) is now considered as a valid species.

Distribution: reports from China are erroneous (SINDACO & JEREMCENKO 2008) and based on confusion with A. sikkimensis or A. ladacensis stimsoni.

The original description is available online (see link below). 
Etymology 
References
  • Blanford,W.T. 1878. "Reptilia and Amphibia" in Scientific Results of the Second Yarkand Mission. Calcutta, Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing. 4to, p. 1-26, 2 pis.
  • Borkin, Leo J.; Spartak N. Litvinchuk, Daniel A. Melnikov & Dmitriy V. Skorinov 2018. Altitudinal distribution of skinks of the genus Asymblepharus in the Western Himalaya, India (Reptilia: Sauria: Scincidae) In: Hartmann, Barclay & Weipert: Biodiversität und Naturausstattung im Himalaya VI. - Erfurt 2018: 163-167 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Eremchenko, V. K 2003. Generic and specific redefinition and redescription of the North-Vietnam skink (Scincella melanosticta (Boulenger, 1887). Izvestiya Vuzov (= Proceedings of Universitities and Institutes), Bishkek, (1-2): 20-28
  • Eremchenko, V.; Helfenberger,N.; K. B. Shah & A. M. Panfilov 1998. Two new species of skinks (Scincidae: Ligosominae [sic]) from Nepal [in Russian]. News nat. Acad. Sci. Kirgiz Republik, Bishkek (4): 41-45
  • Eremchenko, VALERY KONSTANTINOVICH (= JERJOMCENKO). 1987. Systematic and relative links of Indo-Himalayan scincells [Sauria, Scincidae] [in Russian]. Proc. Acad. Sci. Kirghizian SSR 1987(2): 54-57
  • Eremchenko, W. (= VALERIJ) KONSTANTINOVICH, ALEXANDER MIHAILOVICH PAVFILOV and EVGENY IVANOVICH TSARINENKO. 1992. About systematics of Asymblepharus ladacensis (Günther, 1864) (Sauria: Scincidae: Lygosominae). In: V. Eremchenko, A. M. Panfilov & E. I. Tsarinenko: Conspectus on cytogenetic and taxonomic research on some Asiatic species of Scincidae and Lacertidae Ylym Publ., Bishket, Kiev, pp: 58-65.
  • Günther, A. 1864. The Reptiles of British India. London (Taylor & Francis), xxvii + 452 pp. - get paper here
  • Kästle , W., Rai, K. & Schleich, H.H. 2013. FIELD GUIDE to Amphibians and Reptiles of Nepal. ARCO-Nepal e.V., 625 pp. - get paper here
  • Nanhoe, L.M.R., & Ouboter, P.E. 1987. The distribution of reptiles and amphibians in the Annapurna-Dhaulagiri region (Nepal). Zoologische Verhandelingen (240): 1-105 - get paper here
  • Ouboter P E 1986. A revision of the genus Scincella (Reptilia: Sauria: Scincidae) of Asia, with some notes on its evolution. Zoologische Verhandelingen (229): 1-66 - get paper here
  • Saikia, U.; Sharma, D.K. & Sharma, R.M. 2007. Checklist of the Reptilian fauna of Himachal Pradesh, India. Reptile Rap (8): 6-9 - get paper here
  • Schmidt,K.P. 1926. Amphibians and Reptiles of the James Simpson-Roosevelt Asiatic Expedition. Field Mus. nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. 12: 167-173 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Smith,M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Steindachner, F. 1867. In: Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858,1859 unter den Befehlen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair (Zoologie), Vol. 1, part 3 (Reptilien p.1-98). K. Gerold's Sohn/Kaiserlich-Königl. Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Wien [1869 on title page] - get paper here
  • Swan, L.W., & Leviton, A.E. 1962. The herpetology of Nepal: a history, check list, and zoogeographical analysis of the herpetofauna. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 32 (6) (4.s.): 103-147. - get paper here
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738. - get paper here
  • Wang, YUE-ZHAO 1986. Studies on Chinese species of Scincella (Scincidae, Sauria) [in Chinese]. Acta Herpetol. Sinica, Chengdu, [new ser.], 5 (4): 267-277 - get paper here
 
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