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Atheris acuminata BROADLEY, 1998

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Viperinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Acuminate bush viper 
SynonymAtheris acuminata BROADLEY 1998
Atheris acuminata — DOBIEY & VOGEL 2007
Atheris acuminata — WALLACH et al. 2014: 61
Atheris acuminata — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 586 
DistributionW Uganda

Type locality: forest near Nsere Lodge, Kyambura Game Reserve, Ankole District, W Uganda (00° o9’ S, 30° 08’), alt. ca. 950 m elevation.  
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesHolotype: NMZB 13950 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Closely related to A. hispida, but distinguished therefrom by the pentagonal rostral shield surmounted by two large suprarostrals (three in hispida); an enlarged weakly keeled frontal shield present, so that there are only five interorbitals (6-10 strongly keeled interorbital scales in hispida); only six supralabials (7-10 in hispida); mid-dorsal scales to beyond midbody with elongate recurved acuminate spines (such spines restricted to the head and neck region in hispida).

Colouration. Yellow-green above, with a vague black H-shaped marking on back of head, a short black stripe extending from eye along lower temporals and black blotches on tail; interstitial skin black; eye mottled green with a gold border to the pupil in life. Ventrum pale greenish-yellow with black blotches posteriorlyand on tail. 
CommentVenomous!

Habitat: trees (arboreal)

Apparently only known from the holotype. 
Etymology The name acuminata refers to the elongate dorsal scales on the back of the head and anterior body, which taper in long hollow curves to a sharp point. 
References
  • Broadley, D.G. 1998. A review of the genus Atheris Cope (Serpentes: Viperidae), with the description of a new species from Uganda. The Herpetological Journal 8: 117-135.
  • Dobiey, M. & Vogel, G. 2007. Venomous Snakes of Africa - Giftschlangen Afrikas. Edition Chimaira, Terralog 15, 150 pp. - get paper here
  • Ernst, R. & Rödel, M. O. 2002. A new Atheris species (Serpentes: Viperidae), from Taï National Park, Ivory Coast. The Herpetological Journal 12: 55-61
  • Mallow, D. Ludwig, D. & Nilson, G. 2003. True Vipers: Natural History and Toxinology of Old World Vipers. Krieger, Malabar, Florida, 410 pp. [review in HR 35: 200, Reptilia 35: 74]
  • Phelps, T. 2010. Old World Vipers. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 558 pp. [critical review in Sauria 33 (3): 19 and HR 43: 503]
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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