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Atractaspis andersonii BOULENGER, 1905

IUCN Red List - Atractaspis andersonii - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaAtractaspididae (Atractaspidinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Arabian Small-Scaled Burrowing Asp 
SynonymAtractaspis andersonii BOULENGER 1905: 180
Melanelaps mcphersoni WALL 1906: 27
Atractaspis microlepidota andersoni — LAURENT 1950: 10
Atractaspis microlepidota andersonii — CORKILL & COCHRANE 1966
Atractaspis microlepidota andersonii — SCHÄTTI & GASPERETTI 1994
Atractaspis microlepidota andersonii — VAN DER KOOIJ 2001
Atractaspis andersonii — DAVID & VOGEL 2010
Atractaspis microlepidota andersonii — GARDNER 2013
Atractaspis andersonii — WALLACH et al. 2014: 63 
DistributionSW Arabia, Oman (Joger 1983), Yemen

Type locality: El Kubar, near Aden, [13°45'N, 44°45' E, elevation 1350 m]  
Reproductionoviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.1.18.14-18 and BMNH 1946.1.18.21 
Diagnosisnearly as long as its distance from the frontal; suture between the internasals about half as long as that between the prefrontals; frontal large, once and one fifth to once and one fourth as long as broad, much longer than its distance from the end of the snout, as long as the parietals ; one præ and one postocular; temporals scale-like, 2+3 or 3+4 ; six upper labials, third and fourth entering the eye, fourth largest ; first lower labial forming a suture with its fellow behind the symphysial; three lower labials in contact with the chin-shields. Scales in 23 or 25 rows. Ventral 219 243; anal entire subcaudals 28-29, single. Uniform black. Total length 550 mm. ; tail 45.” (Boulenger 1905) 

Synonymy: This species has been previously synonymized with A. microlepidota (WILLIAMS & WALLACH 1989).

Distribution: For a map see Sindaco et al. 2013. 
EtymologyNamed after Dr. John Anderson (1833-1900), a naturalist and Professor of Natural History at Free Church College, Edinburgh.  
  • Arnold E N 1980. The scientific results of the Oman flora and fauna survey 1977 (Dhofar). The reptiles and amphibians of Dhofar, southern Arabia. JOURNAL OF OMAN STUDIES SPECIAL REPORT (No. 2): 273-332 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1905. Descriptions of three new snakes discovered in South Arabia by Mr. G.W. Bury. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (7) xvi: 178-180 - get paper here
  • Branch, W.R. 1979. Snake Bites by Atractaspis and the lesser known Venomous Species. J. Herp. Assoc. Africa (21): 19-20 - get paper here
  • Carranza S, Xipell M, Tarroso P, Gardner A, Arnold EN, Robinson MD, et al. 2018. Diversity, distribution and conservation of the terrestrial reptiles of Oman (Sauropsida, Squamata). PLoS One 13 (2): e0190389 - get paper here
  • Carranza, Salvador; Johannes Els; Bernat Burriel-Carranza 2021. A field guide to the reptiles of Oman. Madrid : Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, 223 pp. [review in HR 53 (3): 531] - get paper here
  • Corkill, N. L. and Cochrane, J. A. 1966. The snakes of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra. J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 62 (3): 475-506 (1965) - get paper here
  • David, P. & Vogel, G. 2010. Venomous Snakes of Europe, Northern, Central and Western Asia (TERRALOG 16) (English and German Edition). Edition Chimaira, Terralog 16, 160 pp. - get paper here
  • Gebhart, J. 2013. Oman, quer durch`s Weihrauchland - ein Reisetagebuch. [email protected] (Eidechsen Online) 2013 [8]: 142-159 - get paper here
  • Grossmann, W., Kowalski, T., Zwanzig, B. M., Zilger, H. J. and Gebhart, J. 2020. Herpetological observations in Oman: Al Mughsayl and Wadi Ashawq in Dhofar, Part 1. Amphibia: Anura; Reptilia: Squamata: Sauria. Sauria 42 (1): 1-20.
  • Grossmann, W., ZWANZIG, B.-M.,KOWALSKI, T., ZILGER, H.-J., COLACICCO, F. & BALLANDAT, S. 2018. Die Erdviper Atractaspis andersonii Boulenger, 1905 im Sultanat Oman. Sauria 40 (3): 3-19 - get paper here
  • Joger U 1983. Book Review: Harding & Welch, Venomous snakes of the world, Pergamon Press, 1980. Salamandra 19 (1-2): 99-102 - get paper here
  • Laurent, R.F. 1950. Revision du genre Atractaspis A. SMITH. Mem. Inst. Roy. nat. Belg. (2) 38: 1-49
  • Schätti, B. & Gasperetti, J. 1994. A contribution to the herpetofauna of Southwest Arabia. Fauna of Saudi Arabia 14: 348-423
  • Sindaco, R.; Alberto Venchi & Cristina Grieco 2013. The Reptiles of the Western Palearctic, Volume 2: Annotated Checklist and Distributional Atlas of the Snakes of Europe, North Africa, Middle East and Central Asia, with an Update to Volume 1. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 543 pp. - get paper here
  • van der Kooij, Jeroen 2001. The herpetofauna of the Sultanate of Oman: Part 4: The terrestrial snakes. Podarcis 2 (2): 54-65 - get paper here
  • Wall, F. 1906. The poisonous snakes of India and how to recognize them, Part I. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 17: 51-72 [correction on p. 995] - get paper here
  • Wall, F. 1907. Suppression of Melanelaps mcphersoni. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 17: 995 - get paper here
  • Wall, F. 1907. Snake-bite inflicted by Melanelaps mcphersoni. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 17: 807-808 - get paper here
  • Wall,F. 1906. A new snake (Melanelaps mcphersoni) from the Andean Hinterland. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 17: 27-29 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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