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Atractaspis corpulenta (HALLOWELL, 1854)

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Higher TaxaAtractaspididae (Atractaspidinae), Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesAtractaspis corpulenta corpulenta (HALLOWELL 1854)
Atractaspis corpulenta kivuensis LAURENT 1958
Atractaspis corpulenta leucura MOCQUARD 1885 
Common NamesE: Mole Viper 
SynonymBrachycranion corpulentum HALLOWELL 1854: 99
Atractaspis corpulentus — HALLOWELL 1857: 70
Atractaspis corpulentus — BOCAGE 1866: 49
Atractaspis leucura MOCQUARD 1885
Atractaspis corpulenta — RÖDEL & MAHSBERG 2000
Atractaspis corpulenta — WALLACH et al. 2014: 64

Atractaspis corpulenta corpulenta (HALLOWELL 1854)
Atractaspis corpulenta — SCHMIDT 1923: 138
Atractaspis corpulenta corpulenta — DOBIEY & VOGEL 2007

Atractaspis corpulenta kivuensis LAURENT 1958
Atractaspis corpulenta kivuensis LAURENT 1958: 127
Atractaspis corpulenta kivuensis — DOBIEY & VOGEL 2007

Atractaspis corpulenta leucura MOCQUARD 1885
Atractaspis corpulenta leucura — LAURENT 1950: 42
Atractaspis corpulenta leucura — DOBIEY & VOGEL 2007 
DistributionCameroon, Gabon, C/E Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Congo (Brazzaville), Ivory Coast, Ghana, Central African Republic, Sierra Leone, Nigeria

corpulenta: Cameroon, Gabon, Congo, Zaire; Type locality: “Liberia” (in error fide Hughes & Barry 1969: 1031). Corrected to Gabon fide Hallowell (1857: 70).

kuvuensis: Zaire (Orientale, Kivu, Ituri); Type locality: Rivière Bibugwa, Kivu

leucura: Ivory Coast, Ghana

Type locality:  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: ANSP 6902
Holotype: MNHN-RA 1885.0625 [leucura]
Holotype: RMCA 12.251 (also given as RGMC), collected by Hautmann [kivuensis] 
Diagnosis 
CommentVenomous!

Synonymy: The validity of Atractaspis corpulenta leucura is questionable (RÖDEL & MAHSBERG 2000). 
Etymology 
References
  • Aylmer, G. 1922. The Snakes of Sierra Leone. Sierra Leone Studies 5: 7-37
  • Bocage,J.V. du B. 1866. Lista dos reptis das possessões portuguezas d'Africa occidental que existem no Museu Lisboa. Jorn. Sci. Math. Phys. Nat. Lisboa 1: 37-56
  • Burger, M.; Branch, W.R. & Channing, A. 2004. Amphibians and Reptiles of Monts Doudou, Gabon: Species Turnover Along an Elevational Gradient. California Academy of Sciences Memoir 28: 145–186
  • Chifundera, K. 1990. Snakes of Zaire and their bites. Afr. Stud. Monogr. (Kyoto) 10(3): 137-157.
  • Chippaux, Jean-Philippe & Kate Jackson 2019. Snakes of Central and Western Africa. Johns Hopkins University Press, 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Chirio, L. & Lebreton, M. 2007. Atlas des reptiles du Cameroun. MNHN, IRD, Paris 688 pp.
  • Chirio, Laurent and Ivan Ineich 2006. Biogeography of the reptiles of the Central African Republic. African Journal of Herpetology 55(1):23-59. - get paper here
  • Dobiey, M. & Vogel, G. 2007. Venomous Snakes of Africa - Giftschlangen Afrikas. Edition Chimaira, Terralog 15, 150 pp. - get paper here
  • Hallowell,E. 1854. Remarks on the geographical distribution of reptiles, with descriptions of several species supposed to be new, and corrections of former papers. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 1854: 98-105 - get paper here
  • Hallowell,E. 1857. Notes of a collection of reptiles from the Gaboon country, West Africa, recently presented to the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, by Dr. Herny A. Ford. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 9: 48-72 - get paper here
  • Hughes, B. & Barry,D.H. 1969. The snakes of Ghana: a checklist and key. Bull. Inst. Franc. Afrique Noire A, 31: 1004-1041
  • Laurent, R.F. 1945. Contribution a la connaissance du Genre Atractaspis A. Smith. Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 38: 312-343
  • Laurent, R.F. 1950. Revision du genre Atractaspis A. SMITH. Mem. Inst. Roy. nat. Belg. (2) 38: 1-49
  • Laurent, R.F. 1958. Notes herpétologiques africaines II. Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 58 (1–2): 115–128
  • Mocquard, M.F. 1885. Bull. Soc. Philom. Paris (7) 10: 15 - get paper here
  • Ota, H. & Hikida, T. 1987. On a small collection of lizards and snakes from Cameroon, West Africa. African Study Monographs 8 (2): 111-123 - get paper here
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Pauwels, O.S.G. & Vande Weghe, J.P. 2008. Les reptiles du Gabon. Smithsonian Institution, Washington: 272 pp. - get paper here
  • Rödel M O; Mahsberg D 2000. Vorläufige Liste der Schlangen des Tai-Nationalparks/Elfenbeinküste und angrenzender Gebiete. Salamandra 36 (1): 25-38 - get paper here
  • Taylor, Edward H.;Weyer, Dora 1958. Report on a collection of amphibians and reptiles from Harbel, Republic of Liberia. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 38 (14): 1191-1229 - get paper here
  • Trape, J.F. & R. ROUX-ESTÈVE 1995. Les serpents du Congo: liste commentée et clé de détermination. Journal of African Zoology 109 (1): 31-50
  • TRAPE, JEAN-FRANÇOIS & CELLOU BALDÉ 2014. A checklist of the snake fauna of Guinea, with taxonomic changes in the genera Philothamnus and Dipsadoboa (Colubridae) and a comparison with the snake fauna of some other West African countries. Zootaxa 3900 (3): 301–338
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Werner, F. 1913. Neue oder seltene Reptilien und Frösche des Naturhistorischen Museums in Hamburg. Reptilien der Ostafrika-Expedition der Hamburger Geographischen Gesellschaft 1911/12. Leiter: Dr. E. Obst. Reptilien und Amphibien von Formosa. Jb. Hamb. wiss. Anst., 30 [1912], 2. Beiheft: 1-39, 40-45, 45-51 - get paper here
 
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