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Atractaspis engaddensis HAAS, 1950

IUCN Red List - Atractaspis engaddensis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaLamprophiidae, Atractaspidinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesIsraeli Mole Viper 
SynonymAtractaspis engaddensis HAAS 1950
Atractaspis microlepidota engaddensis LEVITON & ALDRICH 1984
Atractaspis engaddensis — WELCH 1994: 23
Atractaspis engaddensis — VENCHI & SINDACO 2006
Atractaspis engaddensis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 65
Atractaspis microlepidota engaddensis — ALSHAMMARI & IBRAHIM 2016 
DistributionIsrael, Sinai, Jordan, SW/C Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Lebanon

Type locality: “En-Geddi on the western side of the Dead Sea” Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: HUJ (Hebrew University), paraypes: Hebrew University 
CommentVenomous!

Synonymy: Possible junior synonym of A. microlepidota andersonii Boulenger 1905 (ARNOLD 1980). 
Etymologynamed after the type locality. 
References
  • Al-Quran, S. 2009. The Herpetofauna of the Southern Jordan. American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci., 6 (4): 385-391 [this journal has a dubious record, see http://goo.gl/81SBPv]
  • ALSHAMMARI, AHMED M. AND ADEL A. IBRAHIM 2015. LIZARDS AND SNAKES IN THE HISTORICAL FAID PROTECTED AREA (FAID HEMA), HA'IL REGION, SAUDI ARABIA Herp. Cons. Biol. 10 (3):1021–1029 - get paper here
  • Alshammari, Ahmed M. and Adel A. Ibrahim 2015. Lizards and Snakes in the Historical Faid Protected Area (Faid Hema), Ha'il Region, Saudi Arabia. Herp. Cons. Biol. 10 (3) - get paper here
  • Arnold E N 1980. The scientific results of the Oman flora and fauna survey 1977 (Dhofar). The reptiles and amphibians of Dhofar, southern Arabia. JOURNAL OF OMAN STUDIES SPECIAL REPORT (No. 2): 273-332 - get paper here
  • Bar, Aviad and Guy Haimovitch 2012. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Israel. Pazbar LTD, 246 pp. - get paper here
  • Corkill, N. L. and Cochrane, J. A. 1966. The snakes of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra. J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 62 (3): 475-506 (1965) - get paper here
  • Disi, A.M.; Modry, D.; Necas, P. & Rifai, L. 2001. Amphibians and reptiles of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 408 pp.
  • Egan, D. 2007. Snakes of Arabia. Motivate Publishing, Dubai, 208 pp.
  • Golani, Ilan & Elazar Kochva 1991. Literature: Strinking and other offensive and defensive behaviour patterns in Atractaspis engaddensis (Ophidia, atractaspididae). Litteratura Serpentium 11 (5): 117 - get paper here
  • Goldberg, S. R., et al. 2017. Atractaspis engaddensis (Israeli Mole Viper) Reproduction. Herpetological Review 48 (2): 444-445
  • Haas, Georg 1950. A new Atractaspis (mole viper) from Palestine. Copeia 1950 (1): 52-53 - get paper here
  • Leviton,A.E.; Anderson,S.C.; Adler, K.; Minton,S.A. 1992. Handbook to Middle East Amphibians and Reptiles. SSAR, Oxford, Ohio (Contr. to Herpetol. No. 8), 1-252
  • Marx, J. 2006. Mast cells defang snake and bee venom. Science 313: 427
  • Venchi, Alberto and Roberto Sindaco 2006. Annotated checklist of the reptiles of the Mediterranean countries, with keys to species identification. Part 2 -Snakes (Reptilia, Serpentes). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale "G. Doria", Genova, XCVIII: 259-364
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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