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Atractus caete PASSOS, FERNANDES, BÉRNILS & MOURA-LEITE, 2010

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymAtractus caete PASSOS, FERNANDES, BÉRNILS & MOURA-LEITE 2010
Atractus caete — WALLACH et al. 2014: 70 
DistributionBrazil (Alagoas)

Type locality: municipality of Quebrângulo (09°19’S, 36°28’W, ca. 360 m elevation), state of Alagoas, Brazil. Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: MNRJ 16936, adult female, (formerly IVB 2983), collected on 1986 by A. R. Melgarejo. 
CommentDiagnosis: Atractus caete is distinguished from all congeners by the following combination of characters: (1) 17/17/17 smooth dorsal scale rows; (2) two postoculars; (3) long loreal; (4) temporals 1+2; (5) usually six supralabials, third and fourth contacting orbit; (6) seven infralabials, first four contacting chinshields; (7) seven maxillary teeth; (8) three gular scale rows; (9) four preventrals; (10) 160 ventrals in the single female; (11) 16?–19 subcaudals; (12) dorsum uniformly black; (13) venter beige anteriorly, becoming gradually brown from the 15th ventral in adults, and cream marked with brown laterally in sub-adults; (14) moderate body size, female reaching 376 mm SVL; (15) small tail size on female (8.5% SVL). 
EtymologyThe specific epithet caetê is a Tupi indigenous name, here employed as a noun in apposition alluding to the Atlantic Rainforest remnants (caá = forest; etê = true) where A. caete was found. The Tupi word caetê is also the denomination for the extinct anthropophagous group of Brazilian Indians native to the region of the type locality. Portuguese colonizers later exterminated the “Caetés” after the natives captured and devoured Dom Pero Fernandes Sardinha, first bishop of Brazil on July 16 1556. 
References
  • Passos, P.; Fernandes, R.; Bernils, R.S. & Moura-Leite, J.C. de 2010. Taxonomic revision of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest Atractus (Reptilia: Serpentes: Dipsadidae). Zootaxa 2364: 1–63 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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