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Atractus multicinctus (JAN, 1865)

IUCN Red List - Atractus multicinctus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesBanded Ground Snake 
SynonymRhabdosoma badium var. multicinctus JAN in JAN & SORDELLI 1865
Atractus multicinctus — BOULENGER 1898: 116
Atractus multicinctus — SAVAGE 1960: 54
Atractus multicinctus — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 32
Atractus multicinctus — PASSOS & ARREDONDO 2009
Atractus multicinctus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 77 
DistributionNW Ecuador, Colombia (from Buenaventura [03º54’N, 77º04’W] in the department of Valle del Cauca of Colombia to Paramba [0º49’S, 78º21’W] in the province of Los Rios of
Ecuador. Elevation 0–770 m.

Type locality: see comment and discussion in PASSOS et al. 2009 Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: MCHNM (lost); Specimen originally in the Museo Cívico di Historia Natural di Milano (MCHNM), from ”Lima” without more precise data (see Jan and Sordelli, 1865). Specimen destroyed during World War II (S. Scali, pers. comm.). Savage (1960) considered as the locality to be Lima, capital of Peru (but see Remarks). 
CommentTerra typica: Lima, Peru (in error)

Diagnosis: Atractus multicinctus is distinguished from all congeners by the combination of the following characters: (1) 17/17/17 smooth dorsal scale rows; (2) two postoculars; (3) loreal long; (4) temporals 1+2; (5) seven supralabials, third and fourth contacting orbit; (6) six or seven infralabials, first three contacting chinshields; (7) five or six maxillary teeth; (8) four gular scale rows; (9) four preventrals; (10) 177–184 ventrals in females, 168–183 in males; (11) 31–36 subcaudals in females, 40–43 in males; (12) dorsal ground colour beige with wide black bands alternating on flanks and occasionally contacting opposite bands in the vertebral region; (13) venter uniformly creamish white; (14) moderate body size in female 312 mm SVL, and small in males 249 mm SVL; (15) tail moderate in females (12.6–13.5% SVL) and long in males (15.3–20.5% of SVL); (16) hemipenis strongly bilobed, semicapitate, semicalyculate.

Habitat: rainforest 
References
  • Boulenger, George A. 1898. An account of the reptiles and batrachians collected by Mr. W. F. H. Rosenberg in western Ecuador. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1898: 107-126 - get paper here
  • Castro-Herrera, F. & Vargas-Salinas, F. 2008. Anfibios y reptiles en el departamento del Valle del Cauca, Colombia. Biota Colombiana 9 (2): 251 - 277 - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1865. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 10. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • Passos, P. & Arredondo, J.C. 2009. Rediscovery and redescription of the Andean earth-snake Atractus wagleri (Reptilia: Serpentes: Colubridae). Zootaxa 1969: 59–68 - get paper here
  • Passos, P.; Mueses-Cisneros, J.J.; Lynch, J.D. & Fernandes, R. 2009. Pacific lowland snakes of the genus Atractus (Serpentes: Dipsadidae), with description of three new species. Zootaxa 2293: 1–34 - get paper here
  • Pérez-Santos,C. & Moreno, A.G. 1988. Ofidios de Colombia. Museo reegionale di Scienze Naturali, Torino, Monographie VI, 517 pp.
  • Savage,J.M. 1960. A revision of the Ecuadorian snakes of the colubrid genus Atractus. Misc. Publ. Zool. Univ. Michigan 112: 1-86 - get paper here
  • Valencia-Zuleta A, Jaramillo-Martínez AF, Echeverry-Bocanegra A, Viáfara-Vega R, Hernández-Córdoba O, Cardona-Botero VE, Gutiérrez-Zúñiga J, Castro-Herrera F. 2014. Conservation status of the herpetofauna, protected areas, and current problems in Valle del Cauca, Colombia. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 8 (2): 1–18 (e87) - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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