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Bachia beebei MURPHY, SALVI, SANTOS, BRASWELL, CHARLES, BORZÉE & JOWERS, 2019

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Higher TaxaGymnophthalmidae (Cercosaurinae, Bachiinae), Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymBachia beebei MURPHY, SALVI, SANTOS, BRASWELL, CHARLES, BORZÉE & JOWERS 2019
Bachia heteropa heteropa × Bachia heteropa trinitatis ― DIXON 1973: 33 
DistributionVenezuela

Type locality: Caripito, Venezuela (10°7′N, 63°6′W).  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: AMNH 137630, adult male 
DiagnosisDiagnosis A Bachia with (1) no prefrontal scales; (2) the first supraocular is the longest, and extends over the loreal; (3) the frontonasal is hexagonal; (4) four digits are present on the manus and three on the pes (phalange formulas: manus 1–2– 2–1–0, pes 1–2–2–0–0); (5) a band of 12 rows of imbricate hexagonal scales on the dorsum; (6) scales around mid-body 26–28; (7) 39–40 transverse rows of dorsals; (8) the fifth up- per labial contacts last supraocular; (9) the gulars are in six or seven; (10) the second pair of chin shield are in medial con- tact; (11) an interparietal present.

Comparisons: Bachia alleni and B. trinitatis have four digits on each pes and prefrontal scales (B. beebei sp. nov. has three digits on each pes and no prefrontal scales). Bachia heteropa has 45–47 transverse scale rows (39–40 in B. beebei sp. nov.). Bachia whitei sp. nov. has quadrangular scales on the dorsum and no interparietal scale (B. beebei sp. nov. has hexagonal scales on the dorsum and an interparietal scale is present). To distinguish B. beebei sp. nov. from other former members of the B. heteropa group, see Table 2 in Murphy et al. 2019.
 
CommentSympatry: Two species of Bachia were present at Caripito, B. cophais and B. [formerly heteropa] beebei sp. nov..

Behavior: Beebe commented on their readiness to autotomize their tail and their similarity in their appearance (coloration and fine longitudinal stripes) to the snake Atractus trilineatus (which also occurs on Trinidad and Tobago).

Habitat: The lizards were found while digging pits, or after they had fallen into the pits; but he also extracted them from decomposing logs. 
EtymologyBachia beebei sp. nov. is named in honor of William Beebe, the premier American naturalist of the early twentieth century. Beebe made many contributions to the ecol- ogy of tropical forests as well as early deep ocean exploration. 
References
  • Murphy, John C.; Daniele Salvi, Joana L. Santos, Alvin L. Braswell, Stevland P. Charles, Amaél Borzée & Michael J. Jowers 2019. The reduced limbed lizards of the genus Bachia (Reptilia, Squamata, Gymnophthalmidae); biogeography, cryptic diversity, and morphological convergence in the eastern Caribbean Organisms Diversity & Evolution - get paper here
 
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