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Bachia flavescens (BONNATERRE, 1789)

IUCN Red List - Bachia flavescens - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaGymnophthalmidae (Cercosaurinae), Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymChalcides flavescens BONNATERRE 1789: 67
Chamaesaura cophias SCHNEIDER 1801: 209
Chalcides cophias SCHNEIDER 1801: 209
Chalcides tridactylus DAUDIN 1802b: 367
Chamaesaura tridactylus DAUDIN 1802b: 367
Chalcides monodactylus DAUDIN 1802b: 370
Colobus daudini MERREM 1820: 76 (replacement name for Ch. monodactylus)
Chalcides Schlegeli DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 457
Chalcides cophias — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 459
Chalcides cophias — GRAVENHORST 1851: 306
Chalcides trilineatus PETERS 1873: 775
Microdactylus schlegeli — BOETTGER 1883: 22
Herpetochalcis heteropus BOETTGER 1883: 150 (non WIEGMANN 1856)
Cophias tridactylus - BOULENGER 1885b: 418
Cophias flavescens - BOULENGER 1885b: 418
Cophias boettgeri BOULENGER 1887a: 517
Bachia flavescens — GARMAN 1892: 97
Bachia tridactylus — GARMAN 1892: 97
Bachia parkeri RUTHVEN 1925: 103
Bachia schlegeli — BRONGERSMA 1946
Bachia cophias - CUNHA 1958: 1
Bachia flavescens BURT & BURT 1931: 317
Bachia cophias — BRONGERSMA 1946
Bachia cophias — DONOSO-BARROS 1968
Bachia parkeri — DONOSO-BARROS 1968
Bachia flavescens - PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970: 81
Bachia monodactylus - PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970: 81
Bachia schlegeli - PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970: 82
Bachia flavescens flavescens - DIXON 1973: 39
Bachia flavescens schlegeli - DIXON 1973: 39
Bachia monodactylus monodactylus - DIXON 1973: 40
Bachia monodactylus parkeri - DIXON 1973: 40
Bachia monodactylus — BAUER & GÜNTHER 1994
Bachia flavescens — GORZULA & SEÑARIS 1999
Bachia flavescens — DE FREITAS et al. 2011
Bachia monodactylus parkerii — TEIXEIRA et al. 2013 
DistributionColombia, E Venezuela (Bolívar, Amazonas [HR 32: 275]), Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana, Tobago,
Brazil (Para, Amapa, Roraima, Amazonas)

Type locality: Südamerica” [Chalcides trilineatus PETERS 1873] Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: SMF 39900 [Chalcides heteropus]
Holotype: ZMB 7534 [Chalcides trilineatus PETERS 1873] 
CommentSynonymy: partly after BRONGERSMA 1946. See Avila-Pires (1995) for a detailed discussion of synonymy and variation. BAUER et al. (1995) list Bachia monodactylus (DAUDIN 1802) as valid species with Chalcides trilineatus PETERS 1873: 775 as a synonym. Kizirian and McDiarmid (1998) considered that the variation in what is known as B. flavescens is impressive and that the taxon should be considered as a species complex.

Reduced limbs.

Distribution: see map in Ribeiro-Júnior et al. 2016: 153 (Fig. 4). 
References
  • Avila-Pires,T.C.S. 1995. Lizards of Brazilian Amazonia (Reptilia: Squamata). Zoologische Verhandelingen 299: 1-706 - get paper here
  • Barrio-Amorós, César L. & Brewer-Carias, Charles 2008. Herpetological results of the 2002 expedition to Sarisari–ama, a tepui in Venezuelan Guayana, with the description of five new species. Zootaxa 1942: 1-68 - get paper here
  • Bauer, A.M. and R. Günther 1994. An annotated type catalogue of the teiid and microteiid lizards in the Zoological Museum, Berlin (Reptilia: Squamata: Teiidae and Gymnophthalmidae). Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin 70:267-280
  • Bonnaterre, P.J. 1789. Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature, . . . Erpétologie. Panckoucke, Paris, xxviii+71 pp. (+ plates + index) - get paper here
  • Brongersma, L.D. 1946. Some notes on species of the genera Bachia and Scolecosaurus. Zoologische Mededelingen 26: 237-246 - get paper here
  • Cole, Charles J.; Carol R. Townsend, Robert P. Reynolds, Ross D. MacCulloch, and Amy Lathrop 2013. Amphibians and reptiles of Guyana, South America: illustrated keys, annotated species accounts, and a biogeographic synopsis. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 125 (4): 317-578; plates: 580-620 - get paper here
  • Costa-Prudente, A.L.C.; F. Magalhães; A. Menks; J.F.M. Sarmento. 2013. Checklist of Lizards of the Juruti, state of Pará, Brazil. Check List 9 (1):42-50 - get paper here
  • Dixon,J.R. 1973. A systematic review of the teiid lizards, genus Bachia, with remarks on Heterodactylus and Anotosaura. Misc. Publ. Univ. Kans. Mus. Nat. Hist. 57: 1-47 - get paper here
  • Donoso-Barros, R. 1968. The lizards of Venezuela (checklist and key). Carib. J. Sci. 8 (3-4): 105-122
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol.5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • FREITAS, JOSEANA LUISA DE; CHRISTINE STRÜSSMANN, MARCOS ANDRÉ DE CARVALHO, RICARDO ALEXANDRE KAWASHITA-RIBEIRO & TAMÍ MOTT 2011. A new species of Bachia Gray, 1845 (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) from the Cerrado of Midwestern Brazil. Zootaxa 2737: 61–68 - get paper here
  • Garman, S. 1892. On Cophias and Bachia. Bull. Essex Inst. 24: 96-97
  • Gasc, Jean-Pierre Ga 1984. Analyse expérimentale du déplacement du saurien Bachia cophias (Schneider), microtéiidé a membres réduits. Un modèle simplifié de reptation par ondulations Amphibia-Reptilia 5 (3-4): 355 - 365 - get paper here
  • Gorzula, Stefan & Senaris, J. Celsa 1999. In: Contribution to the herpetofauna of the Venezuelan Guayana. I: a data base. Scientia Guaianae, Caracas, No. 8 [1998], 269+ pp.; ISBN 980-6020-48-0
  • Gravenhorst, J. L. C. 1851. Über die im Zoologischen Museum der Universität Breslau Befindlichen Wirtelschleichen (Pseudosaura), Krüppelfüssler (Brachypoda), und einige andere, Denselben verwandte Reptilien aus den Zünften der Schleichen und Dickzüngler [Euprepes striolatus]. Acta Acad. Caes. Leop. Carol. Nat. Cur. 23 (1): 291-394 [1847] - get paper here
  • Hoogmoed, M.S., & Lescure, J. 1975. An annotated checklist of the lizards of French Guiana, mainly based on two recent collections. Zool. Meded. (Leiden) 49(13): 141-172. - get paper here
  • Kizirian, David A. and Roy W. McDiarmid 1998. A new species of Bachia (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) with plesiomorphic limb morphology. Herpetologica 54 (2): 245-253. - get paper here
  • Mendes-Pinto, T. J. & S. Marques de Souza 2011. Preliminary assessment of amphibians and reptiles from Floresta Nacional do Trairão, with a new snake record for the Pará state, Brazilian Amazon. Salamandra 47 (4): 199-206 - get paper here
  • Morato, S.A.A.; Calixto, P.O.; Mendes, L.R.; Gomes, R.; Galatti, U.; Trein, F.L.; Oliveira, F.S.; Ferreira, G.N. 2014. Guia fotográfico de identificação da herpetofauna da Floresta Nacional de Saracá-Taquera, Estado do Pará. Curitiba: STCP Engenharia de Projetos Ltda.; Porto Trombetas: MRN – Mineração Rio do Norte S.A.; 213 p. - get paper here
  • Oliveira, D.P.; S.M. Souza; L. Frazão; A.P. Almeida; T. Hrbek 2014. Lizards from central Jatapú River, Amazonas, Brazil. Check List 10 (1): 46-53 - get paper here
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & PHILIPPE J. R. KOK 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
  • Vanzolini, P. E. 1950. Bachia tridactyla (Daudin, 1802), replaced by Bachia schlegeli (Dumeril and Bibron, 1839). Copeia 1950 (2): 151 - get paper here
  • Vitt, L.; Magnusson, W.E.; Ávila-Pires, T.C. & Lima, A.P. 2008. Guide to the Lizards of Reserva Adolpho Ducke, Central Amazonia. Attema, Manaus, 180 pp.
 
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