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Baikia africana GRAY, 1865

IUCN Red List - Baikia africana - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaAmphisbaenidae, Amphisbaenia, Lacertoidea, Squamata 
Subspecies 
Common NamesWest African Worm Lizard 
SynonymBaikia africana GRAY 1865
Baikia africana — DUNGER 1965
Anops africanus — TORNIER 1902
Baikia africana — GANS 2005: 22 
DistributionN Nigeria, Cameroon ?

Type locality: ‘‘West Africa’’ (actually near Mokwa, Nigeria)  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 65.5.9.7: RR1946.8.2.10. 
CommentDistribution: presence reported from Cameroon (Tornier 1902) but not confirmed (Chirio & LeBreton 2007).

Type species: Baikia africana is the type species of the genus Baikia GRAY 1865.

Abundance: only known from the type locality (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyThe genus has been named after the collector of the type, Dr. William Balfour Baikie (1825-1864). The species has been named after its African origin. 
References
  • Chirio, L. & Lebreton, M. 2007. Atlas des reptiles du Cameroun. MNHN, IRD, Paris 688 pp.
  • Dunger, G.T. 1965. Baikia africana (family Amphisbaenidae): ecology and individual variation. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (13) 7: 217-221
  • Dunger, G.T. 1968. The lizards and snakes of Nigeria. Part 5: the amphisbaenids of Nigeria including a description of 3 new species. Nigerian Field 33 (4): 167-192
  • Gans, C. 2005. CHECKLIST AND BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE AMPHISBAENIA OF THE WORLD. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 289: 1-130
  • Gray,J.E. 1865. A revision of the genera and species of amphisbaenians with the descriptions of some new species now in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 16: 365-377 - get paper here
  • Gray,J.E. 1865. A revision of the genera and species of amphisbaenians with the descriptions of some new species now in the collection of the British Museum. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1865: 442-455. - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Tornier, G. 1902. Die Crocodile, Schildkröten und Eidechsen in Kamerun. Zool. Jahrb., Abt. Syst., 15 (6): 663-677 - get paper here
  • Witte, G. F. de 1933. Description d'un Typhlops nouveau du Congo Belge. Rev. Zool. Bot. afr., Bruxelles, 24 (1): 104-105
 
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