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Basiliscus galeritus DUMÉRIL, 1851

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Higher TaxaCorytophanidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Western Basilisk 
SynonymBasiliscus Galeritus DUMÉRIL 1851: 61
Ptenosaura Seemanni GRAY 1852: 438
Craneosaura seemanni — RICHARDS (fide BOULENGER 1885)
Basiliscus seemanni — GÜNTHER 1860: 234
Basiliscus galeritus — BOULENGER 1885: 110
Basiliscus galeritus — PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970: 84
Basiliscus galeritus — LANG 1989
Basiliscus galeritus — VIEIRA et al. 2005 
DistributionColombia (in rainforest, forested and areas related to small rivers in Choco Biogeographic Región, Cauca river valley in Antioquia, Caldas, Quindio; Magdalena River Valley in forested wet areas through Tolima), Ecuador, Panama

Type locality: “N.-Grenade”, which means Colombia.  
TypesSyntypes: MNHN-RA 2130-2131 
CommentSynonymy: after Lang 1989: 123.

Distribution: not recorded from Costa Rica although Lang 1989 reported this species from Costa Rica, apparently in error (Savage 2002: 430). See map in Lang 1989: 124, 130. 
EtymologyAfter Latin “galeritus”, meaning wearing a hood. 
  • Arteaga AF, Bustamante-Enríquez LM and Guayasamin JM 2013. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Mindo. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • CASTRO-HERRERA, FERNANDO; ANYELET VALENCIA-AGUILAR, DIEGO VILLAQUIRAN-Martínez 2012. Diversidad de Anfibios y Reptiles del Parque Nacional Natural Isla Gorgona. Universidad del Valle, Santiago de Cali, Valle del Cauca, 112 pp. - get paper here
  • Cortés Gómez, Angela María; Anyelet Valencia Aguilar, Diana Marcela Torres Domínguez, Lina María García Calderón, Diego Fernando Villaquirán Martínez, Andrea del Pilar Cáceres Franco, Fernando Castro Herrera 2010. Guía de los anfibios y reptiles. Área en conservación de la microcuenca Quebrada Pericos. [Valle de Cauca, Colombia]. Corporación Autónoma Regional del Valle del Cauca, Santiago de Cali: CVC, 37 pp. - get paper here
  • Duméril, A.M.C. & A. H. A. Duméril 1851. Catalogue méthodique de la collection des reptiles du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris. Gide et Baudry/Roret, Paris, 224 pp.
  • Gray, J. E. 1852. Description of several new genera of reptiles, principally from the collection of H.M.S. Herald. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (2) 10: 437-440 - get paper here
  • Günther,A. 1860. Third list of the col-blooded vertebrata collected by Mr. Fraser in Ecuador. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1860: 233-240 - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • Lang, M. 1989. Phylogenetic and Biogeographic Patterns of Basiliscine Iguanians (Reptilia: Squamata: "Iguanidae"). Bonner Zool. Monogr. 28: 1-172 - get paper here
  • Maturana, H. R. 1962. A study of the species of the genus Basiliscus. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 128: 1-34 - get paper here
  • Páez, V.P. et al. 2002. Guía de campo de algunas especies de anfibios y reptiles de Antioquia. Universidad de Antioquia, - get paper here
  • Peters, James A. & Donoso-Barros, Roberto 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part II. Lizards and Amphisbaenians. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 293 pp. - get paper here
  • Pinto-Erazo, M.A., Calderón-Espinosa, M.L., Medina-Rangel, G.F. & Méndez-Galeano, M.A. 2020. Herpetofauna from two municipalities of southwestern Colombia. Biota Colombiana 21(1): 41-57. DOI: 10.21068/c2020.v21n01a04 - get paper here
  • Restrepo A, Molina-Zuluaga C, Hurtado JP, Marín CM, Daza JM 2017. Amphibians and reptiles from two localities in the northern Andes of Colombia. Check List 13 (4): 203-237 - get paper here
  • Ríos, E.E.; C.F. Hurtado P., J.T. Rengifo M., and F. Castro Herrera. 2011. LAGARTOS EN COMUNIDADES NATURALES DE DOS LOCALIDADES EN LA REGIÓN DEL CHOCÓ DE COLOMBIA. Herpetotropicos 5 (2): 85-92 - get paper here
  • Rodriguez-Miranda, L. A., Lozano-Aguilar, L. E., Altamirano-Benavides, M., & Méndez-De la Cruz, F. R. 2021. Thermal ecophysiology of Basiliscus galeritus (Squamata: Corytophanidae) in two populations at different altitudes: Does the crest participate actively in thermoregulation?. Journal of Thermal Biology, 102980 - get paper here
  • Taylor, E. H. 1956. A review of the lizards of Costa Rica. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 38 (part 1): 3-322 - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal O, Pazmiño-Otamendi G, Salazar-Valenzuela D. 2019. Reptiles of Ecuador: a resource-rich portal, with a dynamic checklist and photographic guides. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13 (1): [General Section]: 209–229 (e178) - get paper here
  • Valencia-Zuleta A, Jaramillo-Martínez AF, Echeverry-Bocanegra A, Viáfara-Vega R, Hernández-Córdoba O, Cardona-Botero VE, Gutiérrez-Zúñiga J, Castro-Herrera F. 2014. Conservation status of the herpetofauna, protected areas, and current problems in Valle del Cauca, Colombia. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 8 (2): 1–18 (e87) - get paper here
  • Vargas-S., F. & Bolanos-L., M.E. 1999. Presencia de reptiles en la región de Anchicayá, pacifico colombiano, a través de un gradiente de deforestación. Caldasia 21 (2): 235-238 - get paper here
  • Vieira, G. H. C., Colli, G. R. & Báo, S. N. 2005. Phylogenetic relationships of corytophanid lizards (Iguania, Squamata, Reptilia) based on partitioned and total evidence analyses of sperm morphology, gross morphology, and DNA data. Zoologica Scripta 34 (6): 605-625. - get paper here
  • Wirth, Michael 2012. Basilisken. Spektakuläre Vertreter der Leguane. Terraria-Elaphe 2012 (2): 14-32 - get paper here
  • ZULUAGA ISAZA, JUAN CAMILO; SERGIO ESCOBAR LASSO & CRISTHIAN LONDOÑO QUICENO. 2022. When running on water isn’t enough, you can dive: Field observation of diving behaviour as antipredator strategy of the Western Basilisk Basiliscus galeritus Duméril 1851. Reptiles & Amphibians 29(1): 52–54. - get paper here
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