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Bellatorias major (GRAY, 1845)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Egerniinae (Tiliquini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Land Mullet 
SynonymTropidolepisma major GRAY 1845: 107
Tropidolepisma majus GÜNTHER 1875
Egernia bungana De VIS 1888: 814
Egernia major — COGGER 1983: 158
Egernia major — COGGER 2000: 465
Egernia major — COUPER et al. 2006: 380
Bellatorias major — GARDNER et al. 2008
Bellatorias major — COGGER 2014: 419 
DistributionAustralia (New South Wales, Queensland)

Type locality: Australia, but restricted to E Australia (Sydney and Rockhampton) by Günther (1875).  
TypesHolotype: BMNH xv.88a
Holotype: (not found) from S Queensland, QM [Egernia bungana] 
DiagnosisDefinition (genus Bellatorias): The clade consisting of Bellatorias major (Gray, 1845), and all organisms or species that share a more recent common ancestor with Bellatorias major than with Tiliqua scincoides, Egernia cunninghami, Liopholis whitii or Lissolepis luctuosa (Gardner et al. 2008: 791).

Description (genus Bellatorias): A genus of Egernia Group skinks, large to very large lizards (adult SVL 160–310 mm); head and body squarish in cross-section; midbody scales in 26–36 rows, dorsals smooth to weakly keeled; nasal scale with postnarial groove running to the first supralabial; subocular scale row incomplete; eyes relatively large, the eyelids usually with distinct cream margins, easily differentiated from adjacent scales (Gardner et al. 2008: 791). 
CommentSynonymy after COGGER 1983.

Type Species: Tropidolepisma major GRAY 1845 is the type species of the genus Bellatorias WELLS & WELLINGTON 1984. 
  • Bowles, F.D. 2000. A short note on the herpetofauna of Brisbane and its suburbs. Herpetological Bulletin (73): 27-29 - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Couper, P., Covacevich, J., Amey, A. & Baker, A. 2006. The genera of skinks (Family Scincidae) of Australia and its island territories: diversity, distribution and identification. in: Merrick, J.R., Archer, M., Hickey, G.M. & Lee, M.S.Y. (eds.). Evolution and Zoogeography of Australasian Vertebrates. Australian Scientific Publishing, Sydney, pp. 367-384
  • De Vis, C. W. 1888. A contribution to the herpetology of Queensland. Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales (2) 2: 811-826 [1887] - get paper here
  • Gardner, M. G., Hugall, A. F., Donnellan, S. C., Hutchinson, M. N., and Foster, R. 2008. Molecular systematics of social skinks: phylogeny and taxonomy of the Egernia group (Reptilia: Scincidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 154 (4): 781-794 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1875. A list of the saurians of Australia and New Zealand. Pp. 9-19. In: Richardson, J., and J. E. Gray. The zoology of the voyage of H.M.S. Erebus and Terror, during the years 1839 to 1843. By authority of the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty. Vol. 2. E. W. Janson, London - get paper here
  • Horton,D.R. 1972. Evolution in the genus Egernia (Lacertilia, Scincidae). Journal of Herpetology 6 (2): 101-109 - get paper here
  • Longley, G. 1946. The giant skink (Egernia major) in the vivarium. Proc. R. Zool. Soc. N. S. W. 1945-46: 33-34 - get paper here
  • Longman, H. A. 1918. Notes on some Queensland and Papuan reptiles. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 6: 37-44
  • Mitchell, F. J. 1950. The scincid genera Egernia and Tiliqua (Lacertilia). Rec. South Austral. Mus. 9: 275-308 - get paper here
  • Shea, G.M. 1999. Morphology and natural history of the Land Mullet Egernia major (Squamata: Scincidae). Australian Zoologist 31 (2): 351 - get paper here
  • Swan, G.; Sadlier, R.; Shea, G. 2017. A field guide to reptiles of New South Wales. Reed New Holland, 328 pp.
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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