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Bitis armata (SMITH, 1826)

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Viperinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesSouthern Adder 
SynonymVipera armata SMITH 1826: 251
Vipera (Echidna) atropoides SMITH 1846
Bitis inornata BOULENGER 1896: 497
Bitis cornuta cornuta FITZSIMONS 1962: 348
Bitis cornuta inornata — UNDERWOOD 1968: 84
Bitis atropoides — BRANCH 1997: 37
Vipera armata — BRANCH 1999: 56
Bitis armata — DOBIEY & VOGEL 2007
Bitis (Calechidna) armata — WITTENBERG et al. 2014
Bitis armata — WALLACH et al. 2014: 92 
DistributionRepublic of South Africa (SW Cape, from Langebaan National Park to De Hoop Nature Reserve)

Type locality: Koppe Alleen Road, De Hoop Nature Reserve, Western Cape Province, south Africa.  
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesNeotype: PEM R6796 (designated by BRANCH 1999) 
CommentVenomous!

SMITH 1826 designated no type and gave no distribution for this species. 
References
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp. - get paper here
  • Branch,W.R. 1997. A new adder (Bitis; Viperidae) from the Western Cape Province, South Africa. South African J Zoology 32 (2): 37 - get paper here
  • Branch,W.R. 1999. Dwarf adders of the Bitis cornuta-inornata complex (Serptentes: Viperidae) in Southern Africa. Kaupia (Darmstadt) (8): 39-63
  • Dobiey, M. & Vogel, G. 2007. Venomous Snakes of Africa/Giftschlangen Afrikas. Edition Chimaira, Terralog 15, 150 pp. - get paper here
  • FitzSimons, V. 1962. Snakes of Southern Africa. Purnell (Cape town & Johannesburg), 423 pp.
  • Phelps, T. 2010. Old World Vipers. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 558 pp. [critical review in Sauria 33 (3): 19 and HR 43: 503]
  • Smith,A. 1826. On the snakes of Southern Africa. Edinburgh New Philos. J. 1: 248-254
  • Smith,A. 1846. Illustrations of the zoology of South Africa, Reptilia. Smith, Elder, and Co., London - get paper here
  • Underwood G. 1968. On the status of some South Africna vipers. Ann. Cape Prov, Mus. 6 (9): 81-85
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wittenberg, Rod D. & Robert C. Jadin & Allyson M. Fenwick & Ronald L. Gutberlet Jr. 2014. Recovering the evolutionary history of Africa’s most diverse viper genus: morphological and molecular phylogeny of Bitis (Reptilia: Squamata: Viperidae). Org Divers Evol, DOI 10.1007/s13127-014-0185-3
 
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