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Bitis gabonica (DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL, 1854)

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Viperinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Gaboon Adder, Gaboon Viper
G: Gabunviper 
SynonymCerastes nasicornis HALLOWELL 1847 (non SHAW)
Echidna gabonica DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 1428
Bitis gabonica — SCHMIDT 1923: 142
Bitis gabonica gabonica MERTENS 1951
Bitis arietans gabonica — BROADLEY 1959
Bitis gabonica gabonica — BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 23
Urobelus gabonicus (fide LEBRETON 1999)
Bitis (Macrocerastes) gabonica — LENK et al. 1999
Bitis gabonica — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 363
Bitis gabonica — RÖDEL & MAHSBERG 2000
Bitis gabonica — DOBIEY & VOGEL 2007
Bitis (Macrocerastes) gabonica — WITTENBERG et al. 2014
Bitis gabonica — WALLACH et al. 2014: 92
Bitis gabonica — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 577
Bitis (Macrocerastes) gabonica — BARLOW et al. 2019 
DistributionBenin, Nigeria, Chad, South Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon, Uganda, Equatorial Guinea, Congo (Brazzaville), Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Angola, Zambia, SW Kenya (Western), W Rwanda (Ruhengeri), Gabon, E Tanzania (Lindi, Mtwara, Piwani, Tanga), E Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Republic of South Africa (Zululand), Malawi, Togo

Type locality: Gabon  
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 4012 
Diagnosis 
CommentVenomous!

Subspecies: Bitis gabonica rhinoceros has been elevated to valid species, Bitis (Macrocerastes) rhinoceros. Following Chippaux, B. gabonica has two dark triangles below eye and B. rhinoceros only one behind eye.

Distribution: Not in Benin fide ULLENBRUCH et al. 2010. not in Sierra Leone fide TRAPE & BALDÉ 2014: 320 
Etymology 
References
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