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Bitis harenna GOWER, WADE, SPAWLS, BÖHME, BUECHLEY, SYKES & COLSTON, 2016

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Viperinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesBale Mountains adder 
SynonymBitis (Macrocerastes) harenna GOWER, WADE, SPAWLS, BÖHME, BUECHLEY, SYKES & COLSTON 2016
Bitis parviocula — BÖHME 1977
Bitis parviocula — LARGEN & RASMUSSEN 1993: 383–385 (in part)
Bitis parviocula — SPAWLS & BRANCH 1995: 120–121 (in part)
Bitis parviocula — LARGEN & SPAWLS 2010: 615 (in part)
Bitis parviocula — WALLACH et al. 2014: 92 (in part)
Bitis parviocula — WITTENBERG et al. 2014 (in part) 
DistributionEthiopia

Type locality: Dodola (from maps: 6.98° N, 39.18° E, ca. 2,400 m elevation), Oromia Region, Ethiopia.  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype. ZMUC R68255 (Figs. 1–6 in Gower et al. 2016); deposited by Sven Joergen Birket-Smith (1920–1983); preserved in ethanol; female. The exact date of collection is unknown, but was possibly 1966 or 1967, when Birket-Smith was in charge of the Addis Ababa Natural History Museum (M.J. Largen, pers. comm.). 
CommentSimilar species: B. parviocula 
References
  • Böhme,W. 1977. Eine neue Art der Gattung Bitis (Serpentes, viperidae) aus Äthiopien. Monitore zool. ital. (N.S.) Suppl. 9 (3): 59-68
  • GOWER, DAVID J.; EDWARD O. Z. WADE, STEPHEN SPAWLS, WOLFGANG BÖHME, EVAN R. BUECHLEY, DANIEL SYKES, TIMOTHY J. COLSTON 2016. A new large species of Bitis Gray, 1842 (Serpentes: Viperidae) from the Bale Mountains of Ethiopia Zootaxa 4093 (1): 041–063 - get paper here
  • Kwet, Axel 2016. Vor 50 Jahren entdeckt, erst jetzt beschrieben: eine neue Viper aus Äthiopien Terraria-Elaphe 2016 (4): 50 - get paper here
  • Largen, M.J.; Spawls, S. 2010. Amphibians and Reptiles of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 694 pp.
  • Largen,M.J. & Rasmussen,J.B. 1993. Catalogue of the snakes of Ethiopia (Reptilia Serpentes), including identification keys. Tropical Zoology 6: 313-434 - get paper here
  • Spawls, S., Branch,B. 1995. The Dangerous Snakes of Africa. Blandford, London, 192 pp.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wittenberg, Rod D. & Robert C. Jadin & Allyson M. Fenwick & Ronald L. Gutberlet Jr. 2014. Recovering the evolutionary history of Africa’s most diverse viper genus: morphological and molecular phylogeny of Bitis (Reptilia: Squamata: Viperidae). Org Divers Evol, DOI 10.1007/s13127-014-0185-3
 
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