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Boaedon lineatus DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL, 1854

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Higher TaxaLamprophiidae, Lamprophiinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Striped House Snake
G: Gestreifte Hausschlange 
SynonymBoaedon lineatum DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 363
Boaedon quadrilineatum A DUMÉRIL in DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 363 (fide HALLERMANN, pers. comm.)
Alopecion variegatum BOCAGE 1867 (fide BOULENGER 1893: 332)
Boodon lineatus — BOULENGER 1893: 332
Boodon lineatus var. angolensis BOCAGE 1895: 80 (fide HALLERMANN, p.c.)
Boodon lineatus var. plutonis WERNER 1902 ?
Boaedon lineatus — SCHMIDT 1923: 63
Boodon lineatus — DOLLFUS & BEAURIEUX 1928
Boaedon lineatus lineatus — BOGERT 1942
Boaedon lineatus — LOVERIDGE 1955
Boaedon lineatus — FITZSIMONS & BRAIN 1958
Lamprophis lineatus — BROADLEY 1983
Boaedon lineatus — LEBRETON 1999
Lamprophis lineatus — BROADLEY 1998
Lamprophis lineatus bedriagae — DREWES 2002
Boaedon lineatus — KELLY et al. 2011
Lamprophis lineatus — SEGNIAGBETO et al. 2012
Lamprophis lineatus — HUGHES 2013
Boaedon lineatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 94
Boaedon angolensis — CONRADIE et al. 2016 
DistributionMali, Central African Republic, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire, except in the south), Uganda, Senegal, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Gabon, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast

Type locality: Cote-D'or (Gold Coast). Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesSyntypes: MNHN 6537, MNHN 6562
holotype ZMB 6469, type loc.: Benguella [Angola] (juvenile specimen) [Alopecion variegatum BOCAGE 1867] 
CommentDiagnosis (genus): A widespread African genusextending extralimitally onto the Arabian Peninsula, diagnosedby the following combination of characters: body moderately elongated and tail moderate to short; head of moderate size, flattenedabove, elongated isosceles trapezoidal in shape, broader than neckand distinct from it; eye moderate to large with vertically ellipticalpupil; midbody scale rows 23–35, vertebral row not enlarged; dorsal scales smooth with one or two apical pits; ventrals 168–246,without lateral keel; subcaudals paired (usually) or single (olivaceus), 38–85; anal entire; maxilla with six enlarged anterior teeth,separated (usually) by a short diastema from 12 to 16 smaller, sub-equal, ungrooved teeth; hemipenis shallowly forked, shaft withapproximately 12 rows of basal spines; rows merge distally intochevrons and/or denticulate calyces which extend onto lobes; sulcus centrifugal, dividing approximately half way up shaft (Bogert,1940; Broadley, 1990; Branch, 1998; Chippaux, 2001). After KELLY et al. 2011 (See Table 4 in their paper for additional data).

Similar species: Thorpe & McCarthy (1978) showed that Lamprophis lineatus is a distinct species in West Africa rather than a color morph of L. fuliginosus, but in Southern Africa the latter species takes on the color pattern of the former. Note, however, that the two species have been confused in the literature and therefore references to either species may be erroneous.

Type species: Boaedon lineatum DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854 is the type species of the genus Boaedon DUMÉRIL et al. 1854 (LOVERIDGE 1957, revived by KELLY 2011). Note that the characters formerly used to distinguish this genus from Lamprophis have proven invalid (Broadley, 1983), and no clear morphological synapomorphies have yet been discovered to diagnose Boaedon.

Synonymy: Lamprophis capensis has been previously synononymized with L. lineatus but is now considered as a valid species by most authors. The populations from Southern Africa of Lamprophis formerly regarded as L. lineatus or L. fuliginosus are regarded by Broadley et al (2003) and Johan Marais (2004) as Lamprophis capensis. For more synonyms see BOULENGER 1893.

Illustrations: See Reptilia (Münster) 11 (1): 91 (2006) for pictures. 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “linea”, meaning stripe or line. 
References
  • Barnett, Linda K. & Emms, Craig 2005. Common reptiles of The Gambia. Rare Repro, Hailsham, East Sussex, 24 pp.
  • Bocage,J.V. du B. 1867. Segunda lista dos reptis das possessões portuguezas d’Africa occidental que existem no Museu de Lisboa. Jornal de Sci. math. phys. e nat. Lisboa (3): 217-228
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