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Boiga dendrophila (BOIE, 1827)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesBoiga dendrophila annectens (BOULENGER 1896)
Boiga dendrophila dendrophila (BOIE 1827)
Boiga dendrophila divergens TAYLOR 1922
Boiga dendrophila gemmicincta (DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854)
Boiga dendrophila latifasciata (BOULENGER 1896)
Boiga dendrophila levitoni GAULKE, DEMEGILLO & VOGEL 2005
Boiga dendrophila melanota (BOULENGER 1896)
Boiga dendrophila multicincta (BOULENGER 1896)
Boiga dendrophila occidentalis BRONGERSMA 1934 
Common NamesE: Gold-ringed Cat Snake, Mangrove Snake
G: Mangroven-Nachtbaumnatter 
SynonymDipsas dendrophila BOIE 1827: 549
Naja celebensis AHL 1933: 580
Dipsadomorphus dendrophilus — LIDTH DE JEUDE 1922
Boiga dendrophila — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 321
Boiga dendrophila — SANG et al. 2009
Boiga dendrophila — WALLACH et al. 2014: 102

Boiga dendrophila annectens (BOULENGER 1896)
Boiga dendrophila annectens — ROOIJEN & ROOIJEN 2004

Boiga dendrophila divergens TAYLOR 1922
Boiga dendrophila divergens TAYLOR 1922: 201
Boiga dendrophila divergens — SILER et al. 2011
Boiga dendrophila divergens — MCLEOD et al. 2011
Boiga dendrophila divergens — BROWN et al. 2013

Boiga dendrophila gemmicincta (DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854)
Triglyphodon gemmi-cinctum — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 1091
Boiga dendrophila atra KOPSTEIN 1936
Boiga dendrophila gemmicincta — VOGEL 2000
Boiga dendrophila gemmicincta — GROEN 2008
Boiga dendrophila gemmicincta — WANGER et al 2011
Boiga dendrophila gemmicincta — SCHMIDT 2012
Boiga dendrophila gemmicincta — KOCH 2012
Boiga dendrophila gemmicincta — LAITA 2013

Boiga dendrophila latifasciata (BOULENGER 1896)
Boiga dendrophila latifasciata — VOGEL 2000
Boiga dendrophila latifasciata — SANGUILA et al. 2016

Boiga dendrophila levitoni GAULKE, DEMEGILLO & VOGEL 2005
Boiga dendrophila levitoni — GAULKE 2011: 246

Boiga dendrophila melanota (BOULENGER 1896)
Dipsadomorphus dendrophilus var. B. BOULENGER 1896
Dipsadomorphus dendrophilus var. melanotus - BOETTGER 1898
Dipsadomorphus dendrophilus var. B. (melanotus BLEEKER) - SCHENKEL 1901
Dipsadomorphus dendrophilus type B - LANGE & ROOIJ 1910
Boiga dendrophila melanota - BRONGERSMA 1934
Dipsas dendrophila (partim) - WAGLER 1828
Triglyphodon dendrophilum var. C - DUMÉRIL et al. 1854: 1086
Boiga dendrophila: COPE 1860
Boiga dendrophila melanota — COX et al. 1998: 75
Boiga dendrophila melanota — CHAN-ARD et al. 1999: 157
Boiga denrophila [sic] melanota — GUMPRECHT 2005

Boiga dendrophila occidentalis BRONGERSMA 1934
Boiga dendrophila occidentalis BRONGERSMA 1934
Dipsadomorphus dendrophilus - WERNER 1900
Dipsadomorphus dendrophilus var. multicincta - BOETTGER 1898
Boiga dendrophila occidentalis — VOGEL 2000 
DistributionIndonesia (Bangka, Belitung, Borneo, Java, Sulawesi, Riau Archipelago, Sumatra); Cambodia, Myanmar,
W Malaysia (Malaya; Johor: Pulau Sibu); Singapore; Thailand; Vietnam, Philippines (Panay)

annectens: Indonesia (Kalimantan, Borneo); Brunei Darussalam; Malaysia (East Malaysia). Type locality: Borneo.

dendrophila: Indonesia (Java); Type locality: Java

divergens: Philippines (Luzon, Polillo); Type locality: Mount Makiling, Laguna Province, Luzon.

gemmicincta: Indonesia (Sulawesi, incl. Togian): Type locality: restricted to Sulawesi by BRONGERSMA 1934.

latifasciata:Philippines (Mindanao); Type locality: Zamboanga and Butuan, Mindanao.

levitoni: Panay (and probably other islands of the West Visayas region); Type locality: Sitio Batiw, Barangay Badiangan, Municipality of Pandan, Province Antique, Panay, Philippines.

melanota: S Thailand, West Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia (Sumatra); Type locality: restricted to East coast of Sumatra by BRONGERSMA 1934.

multicincta: Philippines (Balabac, Palawan); Type locality: restricted to Puerto Princesa, Palawan by BRONGERSMA 1934.

occidentalis: Indonesia (Babi, Batu Archipelago, Nias, Sumatra); Type locality: Nias. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: RMNH 932
Holotype: CM 2143 [divergens]
Holotype: MNHN [gemmicincta]
Holotype: BMNH [latifasciata]
Holotype: NPM 7940 [levitoni]
Holotype: BMNH [melanota]
Holotype: BMNH [multicincta]
Holotype: ZMA 10986 [occidentalis] 
CommentDNA barcodes suggested multiple species within this species (Laopichienpong et al. 2016). 
References
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