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Boiga flaviviridis VOGEL & GANESH, 2013

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymBoiga flaviviridis VOGEL & GANESH 2013 
DistributionIndia (Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal: from Berhampore near the River Mahanadi in the northeast to Kaigal near the southern Eastern Ghats in the southwest, Tamil Nadu, Chattisgarh, Odisha)

Type locality: Berhampore, state of Orissa (Odisha), India (Fig. 1), 19°18’57’’ N 84°47’38’’E, 31m elevation. Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1911.9.8.4, female (ventral tail base dissected), presented by Major Frank Wall in 1911.
Paratype. MAD 1913 an adult female (tail base examined) labeled as “Dendrophis pictus” from Udayagiri, Nellore [district], state of Andhra Pradesh, India, 14°52’30’’N, 79°17’52’’E, 195 m elevation, collector unknown. 
CommentDiagnosis: 19 dorsal scale rows at midbody, a high number of ventral scales for the genus Boiga (248–259), a yellowish-green dorsal colouration with numerous faint black bands, an uniform, unpatterned yellow-coloured venter and a relatively short tail (0.180–0.200 of the total length).

Diagnosis. A medium sized species of the genus Boiga characterized by: (1) 19 dorsal scale rows around the forepart of the body and 19 dorsal scale rows at midbody; (2) 248–259 ventrals; (3) 106–109 subcaudals in females; (4) a single anal scale; (5) 8 (rarely 9) supralabials with SL 3–5 touching the orbit; (6) preocular reaching upper surface of the head; (7) 2 temporals in the first row, 3 temporals in the second row with a total of 4 rows of temporal scales; (8) a yellowish-green dorsal ground colour; (9) more than 90 faint, hardly visible dark bands; (10) the dorsal part of the head with only faint ornamentations; (11) a postocular stripe ending at the jaw angle; (12) an uniform venter with no speckles or lines (13) relative tail length in females from 0.180 to 0.200.
The new species can easily be recognized by the combination of high number of ventral scales together with the colouration especially the uniform belly and a proportionately shorter tail than in other species of this group, see Table 1 in VOGEL & GANESH 2013. 
EtymologyThe new species is named flaviviridis [flavus = yellow and viridis = green in Latin] as an adjective, after its diagnostic in-life colouration that easily serves to identify this species. As a common name we suggest ‘Yellow-green cat snake’. 
References
  • Bhupathy, Subramanian & N. Sathishkumar 2013. Status of reptiles in Meghamalai and its environs, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 5 (15): 4953-4961 - get paper here
  • Khandal, Dharmendra, Sachin Rai and Vivek Sharma. 2016. Geographic Distribution: Boiga flaviviridis (Yellow-green Cat Snake). Herpetological Review 47 (1): 82
  • Kwet, Axel 2014. Liste der im Jahr 2013 neu beschriebenen Reptilien. Terraria Elaphe 2014 (3): 56-67 - get paper here
  • Sharma, Vivek, Roheet Karoo and Umesh Zire. 2016. Geographic Distribution: Boiga flaviviridis (Yellow-green Cat Snake). Herpetological Review 47 (1): 82
  • VOGEL, GERNOT & S.R. GANESH 2013. A new species of cat snake (Reptilia: Serpentes: Colubridae: Boiga) from dry forests of eastern Peninsular India. Zootaxa 3637 (2): 158–168 - get paper here
 
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