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Bothriechis guifarroi TOWNSEND, MEDINA-FLORES, WILSON, JADIN & AUSTIN, 2013

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymBothriechis guifarroi TOWNSEND, MEDINA-FLORES, WILSON, JADIN & AUSTIN 2013
Bothrops nigroviridis — MEYER 1969: 420 (part.)
Bothriechis marchi — CAMPBELL 1982: 381 (part.)
Bothrops marchii — WILSON & MEYER 1985: 120 (part.) 
DistributionHonduras (Atlántida), elevation 1,015–1,450 m

Type locality: La Liberacíon (Fig. 4A,C), 15.5302°N, 87.2939°W (DD), 1,015 m elevation, Refugio de Vida Silvestre Texíguat, Departamento de Atlántida, Honduras Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: UTA R-60303 (Figs 2, 3), an adult male, collected 25 July 2010 by the field team of E. Aguilar, A. Contreras, L. Gray, L.A. Herrera-B., M. Medina-Flores, A. Portillo, A. Stubbs, and J. H. Townsend. Original field number JHT 3243. Genbank accession numbers: 16S (KC847259), cyt b (KC847275).
Paratypes (8): HONDURAS: Departamento de Atlántida: Refugio de Vida Sil- vestre Texíguat: adult female (USNM 579875) collected 19 June 2010, two adult females (USNM 579876–77) collected 29 July 2010, and two unsexed neonates collected 18 June 2010 (USNM 579873–74), all from Cerro El Chino (Fig. 4B), 15.5225°N, 87.2802°W (DD), 1,360–1,450 m elevation, southeast of La Liberación. Two males (CM 156870 and MVZ 269305) collected 28 July 2010 from a ridge-top trail above La Liberación, 15.5418°N, 87.2891°W (DD), 1,290 m elevation. One male (USNM 579878) collected 30 July 2010 from La Liberación (Fig. 4A, C), 15.5302°N, 87.2939°W (DD), 1,015 m elevation. 
Comment 
Etymology“The specific name guifarroi is a patronym used to honor our colleague and friend, Honduran environmental leader Mario Guifarro of Olancho. Don Mario fearlessly led grassroots efforts to stop illegal logging in the indigenous Tawahka ter- ritory of eastern Honduras, despite repeated assassination attempts and threats on his own life and those of his compatriots. Don Mario was murdered on 15 September 2007, ironically Honduras’ Independence Day, while leading a mission to demarcate the boundaries of the Tawahka-Asangni Biosphere and stave off further illegal deforestation. On 21 July 2008, the only witness to Mario’s assassination, his son Shamir Guifarro Ramírez, was also murdered, along with Mario’s father-in-law, Henry Arturo Chacón, and mother-in-law, Nelda Ochoa, after they were followed out of the city of Juticalpa by unknown assailants.” 
References
  • McCranie, James R. 2015. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with additions, comments on taxonomy, some recent taxonomic decisions, and areas of further studies needed. Zootaxa 3931 (3): 352–386 - get paper here
  • Solís, J. M., L. D. Wilson, and J. H. Townsend. 2014. An updated list of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with comments on their nomenclature. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1: 123–144 - get paper here
  • Townsend, Josiah; Melissa Medina-Flores, Larry Wilson, Robert Jadin, James Austin 2013. A relict lineage and new species of green palm-pitviper (Squamata, Viperidae, Bothriechis) from the Chortís Highlands of Mesoamerica. ZooKeys 298 (2013): 77-105 - get paper here
 
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