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Bothrophthalmus brunneus GÜNTHER, 1863

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Higher TaxaLamprophiidae, Lamprophiinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymBothrophthalmus lineatus brunneus GÜNTHER 1863
Bothrophthalmus brunneus GÜNTHER 1863
Bothrophthalmus lineatus var. infuscatus BUCHHOLZ & PETERS 1875: 198
Bothrophthalmus lineatus BOULENGER 1893: 324 (pro parte, „Type C")
Bothrophthalmus lineatus brunneus — BOGERT 1940: 21
Bothrophthalmus lineatus brunneus — KNOEPFFLER 1966
Bothrophthalmus brunneus — TRAPE 1985
Bothrophthalmus brunneus — GOSSMANN et al. 2002
Bothrophthalmus lineatus brunneus — PAUWELS et al. 2002
Bothrophthalmus brunneus — PAUWELS et al. 2006
Bothrophthalmus brunneus — PAUWELS & VENDE WEGHE 2008
Bothrophthalmus brunneus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 114 
DistributionGabon, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Congo (Brazzaville)

Type locality: Bioko; "Fernando Po" [= Equatorial Guinea]. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.14.1, female 
CommentThe status of brunneus is still controversial (GOSSMANN et al. 2002, HUGHES 2000). 
References
  • Boettger, O. 1888. Materialien zur Fauna des unteren Congo. II. Reptilien und Batrachier. Ber. Senck. Ges. 1887: 3-108 - get paper here
  • Bogert,C.M. 1940. Herpetological results of the Vernay Angola Expedition. I. Snakes, including an arrangement of the African Colubridae. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 77: 1-107
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1897. A list of reptiles and batrachians from the Congo Free State, with the description of two new snakes. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 19: 276-281 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Branch, W.R. & Rödel, M.-O. 2003. Herpetological survey of the Haute Dodo and Cavally forests, western ivory Coast, Part II: Trapping, results and reptiles. Salamandra 39 (1): 21-38 - get paper here
  • Broadley, D.G. 1998. The reptilian fauna of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Congo-Kinshasa). In: Schmidt, K.P. and Noble, G.K., Contributions to the Herpetology of the Belgian Congo... [reprint of the 1919 and 1923 papers]. SSAR Facsimile reprints in Herpetology, 780 pp.
  • Carlino, P. & Pauwels, O.S.G. 2015. An Updated Reptile List of Ivindo National Park, the Herpetofaunal Hotspot of Gabon. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 50(3): 25-39 - get paper here
  • Chirio, L. & Lebreton, M. 2007. Atlas des reptiles du Cameroun. MNHN, IRD, Paris 688 pp.
  • Fischer, J. G. 1886. Herpetologische Notizen. Abh. Geb. Naturw. Hamb. 9: 51-67 (1-19)
  • Gossmann, V.; Lötters, S.; Obame, F. & Böhme, W. 2002. Zur Herpetofauna Gabuns. Teil II: Kommentierte Artenliste der gefundenen Reptilien, Bemerkungen zur Artenvielfalt. Herpetofauna 24 (136): 19-33 - get paper here
  • Günther. A. 1863. Third account of new species of snakes in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 12: 348 - 365 - get paper here
  • Hughes, B. 1983. African snake faunas. Bonn. Zool. Beitr. 34: 311-356 - get paper here
  • Hughes, B. 2000. The African snake Bothrophthalmus lineatus (PETERS 1863). Herpetological Bulletin 74: 28-29 - get paper here
  • Jan,G. 1863. Elenco Sistematico degli Ofidi descriti e disegnati per l'Iconografia Generale. Milano, A. Lombardi. vii + 143 pp.
  • Knoepffler, L.-P. 1966. Faune de Gabon (amphibiens et reptiles), I. Ophidiens de l’Ogooué-Ivindo et du Woleu N’tem. Biologia Gabonica II (1): 3-23
  • Loveridge, A. 1938. Zoological results of the George Vanderbildt African expedition of 1934. VII. Reptiles and amphibians. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad., 89 [1937]: 265-296 - get paper here
  • Luiselli, L.; G.C. Akani, L.D. Otonye, J.S. Ekanem & D. Capizzi 1999. Additions to the knowledge of the natural history of Bothrophthalmus lineatus (Colubridae) from the Port Harcourt region of Nigeria. Amphibia-Reptilia 20 (3): 318-326 - get paper here
  • Luiselli, Luca. 2001. Some remarks on 'the African snake Bothrophthalmus lineatus' by B. Hughes, Herpetological bulletin No. 74, pp. 28-29. Herpetological Bulletin (77): 2-3 - get paper here
  • Pauwels, O.S.G. & Vande weghe, J.P. 2008. Les reptiles du Gabon. Smithsonian Institution, Washington: 272 pp. - get paper here
  • Pauwels, O.S.G.; Christy, P. & honorez, A. 2006. Reptiles and National Parks in Gabon, Western Central Africa. Hamadryad 30 (1-2): 181-196 - get paper here
  • Pauwels, O.S.G.; David, P. 2008. Miscellanea Herpetologica Gabonica I. Hamadryad 32 (1): 13 – 18 - get paper here
  • Pauwels, O.S.G.; Kamdem Toham, A. & Chimsunchart, C. 2002. Recherches sur l’herpétofaune du Massif du Chaillu, Gabon. Bull. Inst. Roy. Sci. Nat. Belgique (Biologie) 72: 47-57 - get paper here
  • Peters, W. 1863. Über einige neue oder weniger bekannte Schlangenarten des zoologischen Museums zu Berlin. Monatsb. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1863: 272-289.
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1875. Über die Hrn. Professor Dr. R. Buchholz in Westafrika gesammelten Amphibien. Monatsber. königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin. 1875 (März): 196-212 - get paper here
  • Rödel M O; Mahsberg D 2000. Vorläufige Liste der Schlangen des Tai-Nationalparks/Elfenbeinküste und angrenzender Gebiete. Salamandra 36 (1): 25-38
  • Schlegel 1856. Nomenclator. rept. et amph. Mus. Berol, 1856: 27.
  • Schmidt, K. P. 1923. Contributions to the herpetology of the Belgian Congo based on the collection of the American Museum Congo Expedition, 1909-1915. Part II. Snakes, with field notes by Herbert Lang and James P. Chapin. Bull. Amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 49 (1): 1-146
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Trape, J. F. 1985. Les serpents de la region de Dimonika (Mayombe, Republique Popilaire du Congo. Revue de zoologie africaine 99 (2): 135-140
  • Trape, J.F. & R. ROUX-ESTÈVE 1995. Les serpents du Congo: liste commentée et clé de détermination. Journal of African Zoology 109 (1): 31-50
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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